1798 the country now included in the States of Alabama and Mississippi was organized as a Territory called Mississippi.
After the Creeks disappeared the region of Alabama was rapidly settled by white people, and in 1819 it entered the Union as a State.
The slave population increased more rapidly than the white.
In the Democratic National Convention that was held at Charleston in 1860 the delegates of Alabama took the lead in seceding from the convention.
In October of that year, Herschell V. Johnson, the candidate for Vice-President on the Douglas ticket, declared, in a speech at the Cooper Institute, New York, that Alabama was ripe for revolt in case Mr. Lincoln should be elected; that it was pledged to withdraw from the Union, and had appropriated $200,000 for military contingencies.
The governor suggested secession at the beginning of November; and in December, 1860, the conference of the Methodist Church, South, sitting at Montgomery, declared African slavery as it existed i