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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 8 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), California (search)
e) were appointed from Mexico. From 1846 her governors have been as follows: California republic Governor. Name.Term. John C. Fremont 1846 Provisional or military governors under the United States. Name.Term. Corn. Robert F. Stockton1847 John C. Fremont1847 Gen. Stephen W. Kearny1847 Richard B. Mason1847 to 1849 Gen. Persifer F. Smith1849 Bennett Riley1849 State governors. Name.Term. Peter H. Burnett1849 to 1851 John McDougall1851 to 1852 John Bigler1852 to 1856 J. Neely Johnson1856 to 1858 John B. Weller1858 to 1860 Milton S. Latham1860 John G. Downey1860 to 1862 Leland Stanford1862 to 1863 Frederick F. Low1863 to 1867 Henry H. Haight1867 to 1871 Newton Booth1871 to 1875 Romnaldo Pacheco1875 William Irwin1875 to 1880 George C. Perkins1880 to 1883 George Stoneman1883 to 1887 Washington Bartlett1887 Robert W. Waterman1887 to 1891 Henry H. Markhan1891 to 1895 J. H. Budd1895 to 1899 Henry T. Gage1899 to 1903 United States Senators. Name.No. of
to Quebec, and Murray's condition was becoming critical, when an English squadron appeared (May 9) with reinforcements and provisions. Supposing it to be the whole British fleet, Levi raised the siege (May 10), and fled to Montreal, after losing most of his shipping. Now came the final struggle. Three armies were soon in motion towards Montreal, where Vaudreuil had gathered all his forces. Amherst, with 10,000 English and provincial troops, and 1,000 Indians of the Six Nations, led by Johnson, embarked at Oswego, went down Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence to Montreal, where he met Murray (Sept. 6), who had come up from Quebec with 4,000 men. The next day, Colonel Haviland arrived with 3,000 troops from Crown Point, having taken possession of Isle aux Noix on the way. Resistance to such a crushing force would have been in vain, and, on Sept. 8, 1760, Vaudreuil signed a capitulation surrendering Montreal and all French posts in Canada and on the border of the Lakes to the English
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Carpenter, Matthew Hale 1824-1881 (search)
ater in Milwaukee, Mich. During the Civil War he was a stanch Union man. In March, 1868, with Lyman Trumbull, he represented the government in the famous McCardle trial, which involved the validity of the reconstruction act of Congress of March 7, 1867. Up to that time this was the most important cause ever argued before the United States Supreme Court, and Carpenter and Trumbull won. After his argument was completed Secretary Stanton put his arms around his neck, exclaiming, Carpenter, you have saved us! Later Judge Black spoke of him as the finest constitutional lawyer in the United States. He was a member of the United States Senate in 1869-75 and 1879-81. He was counsel for Samuel J. Tilden before the Electoral Commission in 1877. His greatest speeches in the Senate include his defence of President Grant against the attack of Charles Summer; and on the Ku-Klux act, President Johnson's amnesty proclamation, and the ironclad oath. He died in Washington, D. C., Feb. 24, 1881.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chase, Salmon Portland 1808-1873 (search)
r the Presidency, he separated from the Democratic party. He opposed the Kansas-Nebraska bill (q. v.), and in 1855 was elected governor of Ohio. He was one of the founders of the Republican party in 1856, and was governor until 1859. In 1861 he became Secretary of the Treasury of the United States, under President Lincoln, and managed the finances of the nation with great ability until October, 1864, when he was appointed Chief-Justice of the United States in place of Judge Taney, deceased. In that capacity he presided at the trial of President Johnson in the spring of 1868. Being dissatisfied with the action of the Republican majority in Congress, Mr. Chase was proposed, in 1868, as the Democratic nominee for President. He was willing to accept the nomination, but received only four out of 663 votes in the convention. He then withdrew from the political field, but in 1872 he opposed the re-election of General Grant to the Presidency. He died in New York City, May 7, 1873.