Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for John Johnson or search for John Johnson in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Butler, John, 1776-1794 (search)
Butler, John, 1776-1794 Tory leader; born in Connecticut; was in official communication with the Johnsons in the Mohawk Valley before the Revolutionary War, and was colonel of a militia regiment in Tryon county, N. Y. In 1776 he organized a band of motley marauders — white men and Indians, the former painted and behaving like savages. He was in command of them in the battle of Oriskany (q. v.), and of 1.100 men who desolated the Wyoming Valley in July, 1778. He fought Sullivan in the Indian country in central New York, in 1779, and accompanied Sir John Johnson in his raid on the Schoharie and Mohawk settlements in 1780. After the war, Butler went to Canada, and was rewarded by the British government with places of emolument and a pension. He died in Niagara in 1794. His son, Walter, was a ferocious Tory. and was killed during the wa
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Harmar, Josiah 1753-1813 (search)
ndians, the British, in violation of the treaty of 1783, still held Detroit and ether Western military posts. British agents instigated the Indians of the Northwest to make war on the frontier settlers, in order to secure for British commerce the monopoly of the fur-trade. This had been kept up ever since 1783, and the posts were held with a hope that the league of States would fall to pieces, and an opportunity would be afforded to bring back the new republic to colonial dependence. Sir John Johnson, former Indian agent, was again on the frontier, and Lord Dorchester (Sir Guy Carleton) was again governor of Canada, which gave strength to the opinion that the discontents of the Indians were fostered for a political purpose. The Northwestern tribes, encouraged by the British agents, insisted upon re-establishing the Fort Washington, on the site of Cincinnati. Ohio River as the Indian boundary. Attempts to make a peaceable arrangement were unsuccessful. The Indians would listen
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Johnson, John 1806-1879 (search)
Johnson, John 1806-1879 Educator; born in Bristol, Me., Aug. 23, 1806; graduated at Bowdoin College in 1832; Professor of Natural Sciences at Wesleyan University in 1837-73, when he was made professor emeritus. He was the author of A history of the towns of Bristol and Bremen in the State of Maine, etc. He died in Clifton, S. I., Dec. 2, 1879. Indian agent; born in Ballyshannon, Ireland, in March, 1775; came to the United States in 1786 and settled in Cumberland county, Pa. He participated in the campaign against the Indians in Ohio in 1792-93; was agent of Indian affairs for thirty-one years; served in the War of 1812, becoming quartermaster. In 1841-42 he was commissioner to arrange with the Indians of Ohio for their emigration from that district. He was the author of an Account of the Indian tribes of Ohio. He died in Washington, D. C., April 19, 1861.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Royal Greens, (search)
Royal Greens, The name of a British corps in the Revolutionary War. Sir John Johnson, son of Sir William, was commissioned a colonel in the British army soon after the outbreak of the Revolution, and raised two battalions, composed of Tories and his own Scotch retainers, in number about 1,000. This corps he called The Royal Greens, because of their green uniforms. They were a formidable corps in connection with Indian allies, and carried destruction and distress throughout large portions of the Mohawk region.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stone, William Leete 1792-1844 (search)
's trade and engaged in journalism, and in 1821 succeeded to the editorship of the New York Commercial Advertiser, of which he was a proprietor till 1844. He was the author of History Of the Great Albany constitutional convention of 1821; Narrative of the Grand Erie Canal celebration; Border wars of the American Revolution, etc. He died in Saratoga Springs, N. Y., Aug. 15, 1844. Author; born in New York City, April 4, 1835; son of the preceding; graduated at Brown University in 1858 and at the Albany Law School in 1859; practised in Saratoga Springs, N. Y., in 1860-63; later engaged in journalism. He is the author of The life and times of Sir William Johnson, Bart.; Revolutionary letters; Burgoyne's campaign and St. Leger's expedition; Life and military journals of Major-General Riedesel; History of New York City; Life and writings of Col. William L. Stone; The Saratoga battle-grounds; Sir John Johnson's orderly book; Historical guide book to Saratoga Springs and vicinity, etc.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stony Point, capture of (search)
fort stood upon a rocky promontory, connected with the mainland by a tide-submerged causeway across a narrow marsh—an island at high-water. It was garrisoned by a regiment of foot, some grenadiers, and artillery, the whole commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Johnson. Gen. Anthony Wayne undertook to take the fort by storm; and at the same time a force under Gen. Robert Howe was to attack the fort at Verplanck's Point. Several small British vessels of war were anchored in the river, within cannon-ball, but speedily recovered. The garrison soon surrendered, and not a life was taken after the flag was hauled down. Wayne the editors of wrote to Washington: Stony Point, 16th July, 1779, 2 A. M. Dear General,—The fort and garrison, with Colonel Johnson, are ours. Our officers and men behaved like men determined to be free. At dawn the next day the guns of the Major Stewart's medal. fort were turned upon the works at Verplanck's Point, on the opposite side of the river, but Howe did not
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stuart, James 1776-1849 (search)
Stuart, James 1776-1849 Traveller; born in Dunearn, Scotland, in 1776; killed the son of Sir Alexander Boswell, Dr. Johnson's biographer, in a duel and then came to the United States, through which he travelled in 1828-30. He was the author of Three years in North America, a book which was severely criticised by English papers antagonistic to republican institutions. This criticism elicited a reply from Stuart in a volume entitled A refutation of aspersions on Stuart's Three years in North America. He died in London, England, Nov. 3, 1849.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Tories, or loyalists. (search)
partisans in America anticipated. The greatest exertions of the three leaders above named had not caused an enrolment of over 1.200 of them as late as the spring of 1777. Afterwards the number greatly increased, though there were not a great many in the field at one time. Sabine estimates the whole number enrolled during the Revolutionary War at 20, 000. The first organization was under Lord Dunmore in Virginia and Martin in North Carolina, in 1775. Later there were loyalists under Sir John Johnson and Colonel Butler in New York; also under Tryon and De Lancey in the same State, and Skinner, of New Jersey. Later still the loyalists of the Carolinas, who were numerous in the western districts, were embodied under Maj. Patrick Ferguson, killed at King's Mountain in 1781. Altogether, there were twenty-nine or thirty regiments, regularly officered and enrolled. The most noted loyalist corps in the war was that of the Queen's Rangers, led by Major Simcoe, afterwards governor of Can
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Virginia, (search)
James Barbour1812 to 1814 Wilson C. Nicholas1814 to 1816 James P. Preston1816 to 1819 Thomas M. Randolph1819 to 1822 James Pleasants1822 to 1825 John Tyler1825 to 1826 William B. Giles1826 to 1829 John Floyd1829 to 1833 Littleton W. Tazewell1833 to 1836 Wyndham Robertson1836 to 1837 David Campbell1837 to 1840 Thomas W. Gilmer1840 to 1841 John Rutherford1841 to 1842 John M. Gregory1842 to 1843 James McDowell1843 to 1846 William Smith1846 to 1849 John B. Floyd1849 to 1851 John Johnson1851 to 1852 Joseph Johnson1852 to 1856 Henry A. Wise1856 to 1860 John Letcher1860 to 1864 William Smith1864 to 1865 Francis A. Pierpont1865 to 1867 Henry A. Wells1867 to 1869 Gilbert C. Walker1869 to 1874 James L. Kemper1874 to 1878 F. W. M. Holliday1878 to 1882 W. E. Cameron1882 to 1886 Fitz-Hugh Lee1886 to 1890 Philip W. McKinney1890 to 1894 Charles T. O'Ferrall1894 to 1898 J. Hoge Tyler1898 to 1902 United States Senators. Name.No. of Congress.Term. Richard Henry Lee