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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 30 4 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Equal rights party. (search)
Equal rights party. In the city of New York, in 1835, there arose in the ranks of the Democratic party a combination of men opposed to all banking institutions and monopolies of every sort. A Workingman's party had been formed in 1829, but had become defunct, and the Equal rights party was its successor. They acted with much caution and secrecy in their opposition to the powerful Democratic party, but never rose above the dignity of a faction. They made their first decided demonstration at Tammany Hall at the close of October, 1835, when an event occurred which caused them afterwards to be known as Loco-Focos (q. v.), a name applied by the Whigs to the whole Democratic party. The faction soon became formidable, and the regulars endeavored to reconcile the irregulars by nominating their favorite for the Presidency, Richard M. Johnson, for Vice-President with Martin Van Buren.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Harrison, William Henry 1773-1812 (search)
fall of Detroit and the massacre at Chicago caused the greatest excitement in Kentucky, and volunteers were offered by thousands. It was the general desire of the volunteers and militia of the West that Harrison should be their leader against the British and Indians. Governor Scott was requested by some of the leading men in Kentucky to appoint him commander-in-chief of the forces of that State, and he was commissioned Aug. 25, 1812. A corps of mounted volunteers was raised, and Maj. Richard M. Johnson became their leader. While Harrison was on his way northward from Cincinnati with his troops he received the commission of brigadier-general from the President, with instructions to take command of all the forces in the territories of Indiana and Illinois, and to co-operate with General Hull and with Governor Howard, of Missouri. These instructions were issued before the disaster to Hull was known. He hesitated to accept the commission because of the delicate relations in which i
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Johnson, Reverdy 1796-1876 (search)
Johnson, Reverdy 1796-1876 Statesman; born in Annapolis, Md., May 21, 1796; was admitted to the bar in 1815. After serving two terms in his State Senate, he was United States Senator from 1845 to 1849, when he became United States Attorney-General under President Taylor. Mr. Johnson was a delegate to the Peace Convention; United States Senator from 1863 to 1868; and minister to Great Britain in 1868-69, negotiating a treaty for the settlement of the Alabama claims (q. v.) Reverdy Johnson. question, which was rejected by the United States Senate. He was recalled by Richard Mentor Johnson. President Grant in 1869; supported Horace Greeley in the Presidential campaign of 1872. He died in Annapolis, Md., Feb. 10, 1876.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Johnson, Richard Mentor 1781-1850 (search)
Johnson, Richard Mentor 1781-1850 Vice-President of the United States; born in Bryant's Station, Ky., Oct. 17, 1781; graduated at Transylvania University; became a lawyer and State legislator, and raised a regiment of cavalry in 1812. With them he served under Harrison, and was in the battle of the Thames in 1813, where he was dangerously wounded. From 1807 to 1819 and 1829 to 1837 he was a member of Congress. He was United States Senator from 1819 to 1829, and Vice-President of the United States from 1837 to 1841. He died in Frankfort, Ky., Nov. 19, 1850.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Kentucky, (search)
mphrey Marshall4th to 7th1795 to 1801 John Breckinridge7th to 9th1801 to 1805 John Adair9th1805 to 1806 Henry Clay9th1806 to 1807 John B. Thurston9th to 11th1806 to 1809 John Pope10th to 13th1807 to 1813 Henry Clay11th1810 to 1811 George M. Bibb12th to 13th1811 to 1814 George Walker13th1814 William T. Barry13th to 14th1815 to 1816 Jessie Bledsoe13th to 14th1813 to 1815 Isham Talbot14th to 19th1815 to 1825 Martin D. Hardin14th1816 to 1817 John J. Crittenden15th1817 to 1819 Richard M. Johnson16th to 21st1819 to 1829 William Logan16th1819 to 1820 John Rowan19th1825 George M. Bibb21st to 24th1829 to 1835 Henry Clay22d to 27th1831 to 1842 John J. Crittenden24th to 30th1835 to 1848 James T. Morehead27th1842 Thomas Metcalfe30th1848 to 1849 Joseph R. Underwood30th to 32d1847 to 1852 Henry Clay31st to 32d1849 to 1852 David Meriwether32d1852 Archibald Dixon32d to 33d1852 to 1855 John B. Thompson33d1853 John J. Crittenden34th to 37th1855 to 1861 Lazarus W. Powell36th t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), McAfee, Robert Breckinridge 1784-1849 (search)
McAfee, Robert Breckinridge 1784-1849 Lawyer; born in Mercer county, Ky., in February, 1784. During the War of 1812 he served in the Northwestern army, becoming captain in the regiment of Col. Richard M. Johnson; was prominent in the politics of Kentucky, of which he was lieutenant-governor in 1820-24. He published a History of the War of 1812. He died in Mercer county, Ky., March 12, 1849.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Presidential administrations. (search)
son, Calhoun, Vice-President, Democrat; Van Buren, later Livingston, State. Congress, 1829-31, Democratic; Stevenson, speaker; 1831-33, Senate opposition, House Democratic; Stevenson, speaker. 1833-37; Jackson; Van Buren, Vice-President, Democrat; McLane, later Forsyth, State; Duane, Taney, Woodbury, Treasury. Congress, 1833-35, Senate opposition, House Democratic; Stevenson, speaker; 1835-37, Senate opposition, then Democratic, House Democratic; Polk, speaker. 1837-41: Van Buren; R. M. Johnson, Vice-President, Democrat; Forsyth, State; Woodbury, Treasury. Congress, Democratic; Polk and Hunter, speakers. 1841-45: W. H. Harrison; Tyler, Vice-President (succeeded as President April 4, 1841), Whig; Webster, afterwards Legare, Upshur, Calhoun, State; numerous changes in the other departments. Congress, 1841-43, Whig; White, speaker; 1843-45, Senate Whig, House Democratic; J. W. Jones, speaker. 1845-49; Polk; Dallas, Vice-President, Democrat; Buchanan, State; Walker, Treas
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Presidential elections. (search)
49John SergeantPaNat. R.49 John FloydVaInd.33,10811Henry LeeMass.Ind.11 William Wirt (c)MdAnti-M.7Amos Ellmaker (c)PaAnti-M.7 William WilkinsPaDem30 1836. Martin Van Buren For foot-note references see page 291.N. Y.Dem761,54924,893170R. M. Johnson (d) For foot-note references see page 291.KyDem147 W. H. HarrisonO.Whig73Francis GrangerN. Y.Whig77 Hugh L. WhiteTennWhig26John TylerVaWhig47 Daniel WebsterMass.Whig736,65614William SmithAlaDem23 Willie P. MangumN. C.Whig11 1840. W. H. Harrison For foot-note references see page 291.O.Whig1,275,017146,315234John Tyler For foot-note references see page 291.VaWhig234 Martin Van BurenN. Y.Dem1,128,70260R. M. JohnsonKyDem48 James G. BirneyN. Y.Lib7,059L. W. TazewellVaDem11 James K. PolkTennDem1 1844. James K. Polk For foot-note references see page 291.TennDem1,337,24338,175170George M. Dallas For foot-note references see page 291.PaDem170 Henry ClayKyWhig1,299,068105T. FrelinghuysenN. J.Whig105 James G. Birne
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Protection. (search)
l demand. Relief came at last with the enactment of the protective tariff of 1824, to the support of which leading men of both parties patriotically united for the common good. That act, supplemented by the act of 1828, brought genuine prosperity to the country. The credit of passing the two protective acts was not due to one party alone. It was the work of the great men of both parties. Mr. Clay and General Jackson, Mr. Webster and Mr. Van Buren, Gen. William Henry Harrison and Richard M. Johnson, Silas Wright and Louis McLane, voted for one or the, other of these acts, and several of them voted for both. The co-operation of these eminent men is a great historic tribute to the necessity and value of protection. Plenty and prosperity followed, as if by magic, the legislation to which they gave their support. We have their concurrent testimony that the seven years preceding the enactment of the protective tariff of 1824 were the most discouraging which the young republic in it
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Senate, United States (search)
th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, taking effect Sept. 25, 1804. the Senate is charged with the duty of choosing the Vice-President in case none of the persons voted for for that office has received a majority of the votes cast; and, when sitting for this purpose, twothirds of the whole number of Senators must be present, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. The only instance of the Senate's performing this function was in the case of Richard M. Johnson in 1837. The Senate has power to compel the attendance of absent members, to inflict punishment for disorderly behavior, and with the concurrence of two-thirds may expel a member for any cause deemed sufficient. The power of the Senate to punish persons not members of the body, for contempt, defamation, libel, etc., has never been clearly and fully defined. None of the eases acted upon has settled any important questions in that direction. Though in some respects fashioned afte
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