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Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative 342 4 Browse Search
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4. 333 11 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 19. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 292 10 Browse Search
Edward Alfred Pollard, The lost cause; a new Southern history of the War of the Confederates ... Drawn from official sources and approved by the most distinguished Confederate leaders. 278 8 Browse Search
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3. 277 5 Browse Search
Alfred Roman, The military operations of General Beauregard in the war between the states, 1861 to 1865 267 45 Browse Search
Maj. Jed. Hotchkiss, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 3, Virginia (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 263 15 Browse Search
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 3: The Decisive Battles. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller) 252 0 Browse Search
J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary 228 36 Browse Search
Brigadier-General Ellison Capers, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 5, South Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 228 22 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Alfred Roman, The military operations of General Beauregard in the war between the states, 1861 to 1865. You can also browse the collection for Joseph E. Johnston or search for Joseph E. Johnston in all documents.

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unsurpassed fortitude and gallantry of the troops under him. Our object is not, at present, to mention at any length General Beauregard's many military services and victories. This interesting, important, and instructive part of the history of his military career is contained in the following pages, written from authenticated notes and documents, vouched for and furnished by General Beauregard himself, and to which this is but an introduction. When, after voluntarily assisting General J. E. Johnston, during the last days of the war, he surrendered with that distinguished officer, in April, 1865, at Greensboroa, North Carolina, he addressed the following touching note to the members of his staff: Headquarters, etc., etc., Greensboroa, N. C., April 27th, 1865. To any Personal and General Staff,—Events having brought to an end the struggle for the independence of our country, in which we have been engaged together, now for four years, my relations with my staff must als
rs to purchase arms, ammunition, etc., for the Confederacy been confided to the house of John Frazer & Co., who had power, influence, and enterprise enough in England, even to purchase a fleet of armed vessels, and offer it to our government—the Southern armies, at that time and all through the war, would have been as thoroughly and as promptly armed and equipped as the Northern armies; and Mr. Davis would have had no cause to lament the destitute condition of our men, or to write to General J. E. Johnston, in September, 1861: One ship-load of small arms would enable me to answer all demands, but vainly have I hoped and waited. Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government, vol. i. p. 441. In the selection of Major Huse, as agent, Mr. Davis seems to have been pursued by the same evil fate which almost always caused him to assign men of inferior ability to positions requiring great discernment and capacity. Major Huse asserts that in December, 1861, he was incapable of shipping arm
ntgomery, while the Confederate government was still there, and while no Confederate general officer had, as yet, been sent to Virginia. This was far from being the case at the time to which we now allude, to wit, the 31st of May. Brigadier-General Joseph E. Johnston, Confederate States Army, had, then, already been assigned to duty in Virginia, and, furthermore, the Confederate government itself was at that date transferred to Richmond. Even the President was there in person, and could have ad, in most places, the ground occupied by the Confederates. Still, Manassas Junction, as a strategic point, was one of superior importance, as it secured communication with the valley of Virginia, and the army of the Shenandoah, under General Joseph E. Johnston, at Harper's Ferry. Hence General Beauregard's determination to hold it at all hazards; and he began, without delay, to throw up works around it, so as to make it a depot of supplies and a point d'appui for ulterior operations. But it
rginia, east of the grand chain of the Alleghanies, now formed a series of detached commands, stretching from northwest to southeast respectively, under General Joseph E. Johnston, at Harper's Ferry, General Beauregard, at Manassas, and General Holmes, at Aquia Creek; each outnumbered by confronting forces, excepting General Holmes's command, whose position on the lower Potomac was taken only to prevent a possible landing of the enemy at that point. The forces in front of General Johnston and those in front of Colonel Eppa Hunton, commanding a battalion at Leesburg, the western extremity of the Manassas line, were still on the north bank of the Potomac.aign in this State, which should be acted upon at once. The enemy seem to be taking the offensive towards Harper's Ferry, and a few days hence may find General J. E. Johnston in such a critical condition as to render it impossible to relieve him. If he were ordered to abandon forthwith his present position and concentrate sudde
the two armies under the commands of General Joseph E. Johnston and yourself respectively. I arrivea view to cut off our communications with General Johnston. To accomplish this, possession would be you would propose, and did propose, that General Johnston should, with the bulk of his forces, say check. Then, with the combined forces of General Johnston and yourself, you would move rapidly forw them into the Potomac. This being done, General Johnston, with ten thousand of your forces in addint position, according to circumstances. General Johnston having disposed of Patterson, would detaclellan, General Garnett could then unite with Johnston, and the two cross the Potomac, at the nearesresident and by General Lee. One was that General Johnston's force was not now sufficiently strong tnofficial letter of General Beauregard to General Johnston is submitted to the reader. It was writtnassas Junction, Va., July 13th, 1861. General J. E. Johnston: My dear General,—I write in haste
Chapter 9: Battle of Manassas. General J. E. Johnston assumes command, but General Beauregard directs operations and fights the battle. superiority of numbers against us. deeds of heroism. enemy completely routed. Ordnance and supplies captured. ours and enemy's losses. strength of General McDowell's army. the verdict of history.> After the check received at Bull Run, on July 18th, the Federal army remained inactive throughout the 19th and 20th, except in efforts to reconnoitre and determine the Confederate position and the best point for penetrating or turning it. This prolonged delay, though somewhat unaccountable, under the circumstances, was, certainly, of great advantage to General Beauregard. It allowed General Holmes to reach the theatre of operations in time, with 1265 infantry, 6 pieces of light artillery, and a company of cavalry of 90 men. General Johnston also arrived, about noon on the 20th, with Jackson's brigade, This brigade reached Manassas
e of improvidence and mismanagement. There was this difference, however, between Colonel Myers and Colonel Northrop; the former was ever ready to correct an error when in his power to do so, the latter would not allow his errors to be pointed out, and, still less, discussed. In Colonel Myers's letter to General Beauregard, above referred to, he writes: I never, until day before yesterday, have heard one word of this deficiency; then, the knowledge came to me through a despatch from General J. E. Johnston, to the Adjutant-General. I took immediate steps to collect, at Manassas, as much transportation as I suppose you will require. . . . The military operations and manoeuvres of your army are never divulged, and it is utterly impossible for me to know how to anticipate your wants. . . . We have had, so far, too many heads, which I can say to you, and which means, we have had no head at all. You should write me often, if only a line, when anything is required, and you shall be provided
ference, as it was called, and most unjustifiably arraigns Generals J. E. Johnston, Beauregard, and G. W. Smith, not for having taken a partsideration of it. On the 26th of September, 1861, General Joseph E. Johnston addressed a letter to the Secretary of War, in regard to to the quarters of General Beauregard. On the same evening General Johnston and I called to pay our respects. No official subjects of impntment of the President, a conference was had between himself, General Johnston, General Beauregard, and myself. Various matters of detail wen Virginia, Pensacola, or wherever might be most expedient. General Johnston and General Beauregard both said that a force of sixty thousanour own country, but successfully invade that of the enemy. General Johnston said that he did not feel at liberty to express an opinion as ment of General G. W. Smith. G. T. Beauregard, Gen. C. S. A., J. E. Johnston, Gen. C. S. A. Centreville, Va., January 31st, 1862. Signed in
ith, Longstreet, and E. K. Smith. But as General Johnston did not give the command of that army to nted to that effect, but with no result. General Johnston had then ordered the troops to carry theiade square instead of oblong, by order of General Johnston. In the beginning of December, General to be the substance of the order sent to General Johnston, under date of July 17th, 1861, are not ia peremptory one, and that the only thing General Johnston had to do after receiving it, was blindly War Department, who issued the order, or General Johnston, who received it? It is clear that, undef practicable had reference to letters of General Johnston of 12th and 15th of July, which made it entirely contingent, and as depending upon General Johnston's judgment, is further shown by the telegon. S. Cooper, Adjutant-General. General Johnston's telegram to General Beauregard, of the orwarded until the 14th of October, General J. E. Johnston's Report bore the same date. has alrea[7 more...]
ced his determination, if reinforced, to attack and crush the enemy. Before proceeding further, we think it our duty to add that General Johnston is certainly mistaken when he asserts that General Beauregard's telegram asking—we might almost say imploring—him to move on immediately, was only received on the 18th, when his answer to it is dated July 17th, and reads as follows: Winchester, Va., July 17th, 1861. General Beauregard, Manassas: Is the enemy upon you in force? J. E. Johnston. This shows conclusively how little General Johnston had thought of leaving Winchester, and how utterly improbable it is that he had planned a battle to be fought at Manassas, through a junction of his forces with those of General Beauregard. Does it not show, besides, how unwilling he was to move at all, unless assured that there was no exaggeration in General Beauregard's anticipation of a powerful impending attack? It was necessary to telegraph to him again before he finally
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