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year is Lady-day of the Old Style, that is, new Lady-day March 25, + the 11 days removed by act of Parliament 1752, = April 6; thus embodying both the ancient practices, namely, the commencement of the year at about the vernal equinox and the old Julian style, which had lost 11 days in 1798 years. The Mexicans had a year of 360 days and 5 supplementary days. They divided it into 18 months of 20 days each, and had a leap-year. Their year commenced at the vernal equinox. The Peruvian year 135, became a Roman colony from which Jews were rigorously excluded. Constantine restored the name and made it a Christian city about A. D. 326. Five centuries of peace, a long period for Jerusalem, followed the restoration under Constantine and Julian. Then followed the Persian, Chosroes II., A. D. 614; Heraclius retrieved it in 628; but Omar subdued it, A. D. 637. The Christians regained it but for a brief and bloody interval of 87 years, in the eleventh and twelfth centuries, when it was c
ot nearly so ancient as that at Elephanta, which consists of a staircase between two walls descending to the Nile. One wall has engraved upon it a series of marks representing the hight to which the water has risen on certain occasions. The cubits here are divided into 14ths, or double digits, and measure 1 foot 8.625 inches. This nilometer was described by Strabo, 54 B. C. The nilometer at Memphis was transferred by Constantine to a church in the vicinity of the Serapeum of Alexandria; Julian sent it back to the building at Memphis, where it remained till its destruction by Theodosius. At the present day the rise is watched for with anxiety, and proclaimed by 4 criers. The object of the nilometers formerly was to settle the amount of taxation to be imposed upon the country. It may still be the basis of the impost of taxes in that overridden country. Eminent domain there includes the land, the poor fellahs upon it, and the water. The effect of the rise is a gradual elev