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John Harrison Wilson, The life of Charles Henry Dana, Chapter 20: Confederate operations in Northern Virginia (search)
but heavy loss to ourselves. Of course there are matters about which I cannot make inquiry, ... but I know that General Wright has said to a confidential friend that all of Meade's attacks have been made without brains and without generalship. Additional light is thrown on the state of affairs treated of above by certain private notes which Dana wrote me that week. From one of July 2d, I quote as follows: You can't imagine how delighted we were yesterday to hear of your safety. Kautz's report had made us fear that most of your command might have been captured. Still we knew that you were a hard fellow to catch, and that if any way could be found you would find it. Let us have your official report as soon as possible. The state of affairs here is better than when you left. Judging by what I saw in Washington, the people are very despondent and anxious. Twenty thousand men are on their way here from the Department of the Gulf. Come over and see us as soon as y
John Harrison Wilson, The life of Charles Henry Dana, Index (search)
77-279. Jefferson, Thomas, 129, 453. Jewell, Postmaster-General, 418. Johnson, Andrew, 254, 306, 357, 371, 372, 377, 379, 383, 389, 390, 392, 393, 397, 401, 402, 408. Johnson, James, provisional governor of Georgia, 368. Johnson, Oliver, 171. Johnston, General Joseph E., 223, 228, 233, 236, 250, 269, 343, 355, 356, 363, 367. Journalism, genius for, 63; lectures on, 512. Journal of Commerce, 105, 106. K. Kansas, 100, 127, 133, 136, 137, 147, 148, 152. Kant, 36. Kautz, General, 334. Kellogg, Captain, 352. Kemblle, W. H., letter to Coffey, t427. Kepler, astronomer, 56. Ketchum, banker, 248. Kibbe, Dolly, 1. Kittoe, E. D., staff surgeon, 276. Know-nothingism, 128, 131. Knoxville, rides to, 286-288, 294, 296, 297, 299-301, 339. Kossuth, 96. Ku-Klux Klan, 424. L. Lafayette station, 257. Laidly, Major, 351. Lake Providence Canal, 207, 209, 210. Lamartine, 72, 73. Lancaster, New Hampshire, 20. Land reform, 103. Languages, 3-7,
. Wilson, however, succeeded in reaching the railroad at Ream's station, below where the combatants were engaged, and tore up some of the track. Wilson, joined by Kautz, then struck across to the Southside railroad, doing some damage, and finally came upon the Danville track, having had a sharp engagement with a small Confederate ed bridge over the Staunton river, in the evening of the 24th. Here a body of Virginia and North Carolina militia met them, and after a brisk encounter Wilson and Kautz had to retire. This was the limit of their raid. They returned as rapidly as they could, but at Ream's station one thousand prisoners and all the enemy's artillery and trains were captured by a Confederate force under Hampton and Fitzhugh Lee. Kautz's knowledge of the country enabled him to escape. He, with his shattered command, reached camp on the 30th June, while Wilson, with his men in wretched condition, did not arrive till next day. North of Richmond, Grant's designs on the railr
county) was but little adapted for this superiority to be displayed, it being very wooded and traversed only by narrow roads. Grant had Gregg's division of two brigades on his left flank on the south side of the James-and four regiments under Kautz on the north side, guarding his right flank. Confronting Kautz, the Confederates had Gary's brigade, and opposite to Gregg, Butler's division (Hampton's old command) of three brigades, W. I. F. Lee's division, of two brigades, and a detached briKautz, the Confederates had Gary's brigade, and opposite to Gregg, Butler's division (Hampton's old command) of three brigades, W. I. F. Lee's division, of two brigades, and a detached brigade under Dearing. Rosser's brigade was afterwards sent to the Valley, but not until the battle of Winchester had been fought. The Valley was especially adapted for the operations of cavalry. It is universally admitted that a preponderating force of cavalry gives immense advantages in a country suitable for its employment; for cavalry can live on the lines of communication of the army opposed to it, easily avoiding any infantry sent after it. In the Valley, where cavalry could be used to
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 11 (search)
rigadier-Generals Brooks and Weitzel, and a division of colored troops, under Brigadier-General Hinks. which General Q. A. Gillmore had lately brought from the coast of South Carolina. General Butler had in addition a division of horse, under General Kautz; this division was, at this time, at Norfolk and Portsmouth. The strength of the army was somewhat above thirty thousand of all arms. At Yorktown, Butler was in position to move by land up the Peninsula in the direction of Richmond; to use time he sent a force of eighteen hundred cavalry to move, by way of West Point, across the Peninsula, attract the attention of the enemy towards Richmond, and then make a junction with his main body when it should have reached its destination. Kautz, with his mounted division, was instructed to move northward from Suffolk to the south side. During the night of May 4th, the same day the Army of the Potomac crossed the Rapidan, the entire command of Butler embarked on transports, dropped do
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 12 (search)
force under General Gillmore, and a cavalry force under General Kautz. The cavalry carried the works on the south side, and prime importance. Being joined by the cavalry division of Kautz and the division of colored troops under Hinks, Smith's forthe left flank of the infantry; Hinks' division, in rear of Kautz, tc take position across the Jordan's Point road, as near aded by infantry and armed with a light battery. Upon this, Kautz was withdrawn to the left, and the colored division thrown on that did not turn out to be justified by experience; for Kautz, who, with his mounted division, essayed to work his way rof the Second Corps, and the cavalry divisions of Wilson and Kautz were sent to cut the Weldon and Southside railroads. It e co-operative cavalry expedition under Generals Wilson and Kautz met with more success. Striking the Weldon Railroad at Reasion of cavalry, and, after a sharp conflict, defeated him. Kautz reached Burkesville, the junction of the Southside and Danv
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, Index. (search)
the James, 497; Cole's Ferry—the ponton delay, 499; the fortifications of on Smith's arrival, 501; Grant's army all on south side of the James, 500; Gillmore's and Kautz's abortive attempt to capture, 500; partial success of Smith's forces, 503; noncapture-circumstances of Hancock's march, 504; Hancock ordered to assist Smith befordefeat and escape, with loss of trains and artillery, 513; Nottoway Station, cavalry action at, 513; Southside Railroad destroyed to Nottoway Station by Wilson and Kautz, 513; Weldon Railroad destroyed at Reams' Station by Wilson and Kautz, 513; losses of preliminary operations, 514; the lines of both armies described, 515; Deep BoKautz, 513; losses of preliminary operations, 514; the lines of both armies described, 515; Deep Bottom, Hancock's expedition to, 519; Deep Bottom, Hancock's secret return to Petersburg lines, 520; Lee's diversion against Baltimore and Washington—see Early, 526; Deep Bottom, Hancock's second expedition, 529; summer and autumn operations against Petersburg and Richmond, 529; Weldon Railroad, Warren's seizure of during Deep Bottom
turing fifteen pieces of artillery and the New Market road and intrenchments. This success was followed up by a gallant attack on Fort Gilmer, immediately in front of the Chaffin's farm fortifications, in which we were repulsed with heavy loss. Kautz's cavalry was pushed forward on the road to the right of this, supported by infantry, and reached the enemy's inner line, but was unable to get further. The position captured from the enemy was so threatening to Richmond that I determined to hoem back, with a loss of over 2,000 men. Parke, commanding the Ninth corps, attributed this disaster to the large amount of raw material in the ranks [that] has greatly diminished the efficiency of the corps. On the 7th of October, Lee attacked Kautz's cavalry, north of the James, and, as Grant reports, drove it back with heavy loss in killed, wounded, and prisoners, and the loss of all the artillery—eight or nine pieces. This he followed by an attack on our intrenched infantry line, but was
a volley into Barlow's division. This produced a momentary panic, and Colonel Baker, of the Third regiment, rushed upon the Federals and captured many prisoners. The Federals, however, rallied, and in turn captured Colonel Baker. The famous Kautz-Wilson raid for the destruction of the southward railroads was the occasion of severe cavalry activity and battles. At Blacks and Whites, Gen. W. H. F. Lee managed to get between the two Federal columns on the 23d of June. General Dearing was inand the battle was sharp for some hours. At nightfall the Federals retired. Col. C. M. Andrews, one of North Carolina's best cavalry officers, was killed. At Staunton river bridge, guarded by Junior and Senior reserves and disabled soldiers, Kautz's attack was repulsed, Lee's cavalry attacking his rear Col. H. E. Coleman, of the Twelfth North Carolina regiment, rendered gallant service in assisting the raw troops in the repulse of the cavalry division at this bridge. He was at home wounde
al Smith's corps was given the right of way over all other troops. On the 14th he reported to General Butler at Bermuda Hundred. Butler directed him to attack Petersburg at daylight. His corps was strengthened for the attack by the addition of Kautz‘ cavalry and Hinks' negro division. These additions gave Smith, according to General Humphreys, chief of staff of the army of the Potomac, 16,100 men. Hancock's corps immediately followed Smith, and in his attack rendered him material assistanc at Jones' farm on September 30th. There Major Wooten's skirmish line greatly distinguished itself, and the two brigades made many captures. On the 9th, Hoke and Field, supported by Lane and Gary's cavalry, dispersed a large cavalry force under Kautz and captured all his guns. In all the movements around Petersburg, the cavalry under Hampton and Dearing, both full of fight and dash, was untiringly engaged. Many changes had occurred in the old North Carolina brigade. Gen. Rufus Barringer c
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