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time disabled by illness. In October, 1863, he took command in east Tennessee and drove the Federals as far south as Knoxville, and remained in that department in command of cavalry under Longstreet and Buckner, until April, 1864, when he was ordered to Richmond, with the intention of assigning him to command of the TransMissis-sippi department. But the condition at the Confederate capital compelled his retention there, where he met Butler's operations at Bermuda Hundred and Sheridan's and Kautz's raids with the handful of men at his disposal. He commanded Beauregard's left wing at the battle of Drewry's Bluff, May 16th, and gallantly stormed the enemy's breastworks, playing a prominent part in the corking up of Butler's army. In June he took command of Early's cavalry in the movement against Hunter and the expedition through Maryland against Washington. In August he was relieved on account of illness, in September served as president of a court of inquiry connected with Morgan's
Brigadier-General Ellison Capers, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 5, South Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Additional Sketches Illustrating the services of officers and Privates and patriotic citizens of South Carolina. (search)
in the battle of Second Manassas, where his brother John was among the killed. Then returning southward he took part in the battle of Kinston, N. C., and Goldsboro, and under Gen. J. E. Johnston fought on the lines at Jackson against Sherman, immediately after the fall of Vicksburg. After this he was on duty in the Carolinas and Virginia until May 7, 1864, when he was captured with Companies I and K of the legion, while defending the Weldon railroad against the Federal expedition under General Kautz. As a prisoner of war at City Point, Fortress Monroe, Point Lookout and Fort Delaware, he was the subject of many unpleasant experiences on account of the measures of retaliation. Captain Martin has, at the request of his friends, written a chapter on his prison life and sufferings that reads like a story of feudal times. When his company was captured the members were forcibly deprived of all money and valuables, Captain Martin, however, by a clever device, keeping his watch. They we
Joseph T. Derry , A. M. , Author of School History of the United States; Story of the Confederate War, etc., Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 6, Georgia (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Chapter 15: (search)
fense of Petersburg. The brigade bore a creditable part in the battle near Drewry's Bluff, May 16th, which resulted in the bottling up of General Butler. Its loss was 11 killed and 146 wounded. In .the June battles before Petersburg, Colquitt's brigade fought in Hoke's division. Throughout the long siege which followed, the Georgians did their whole duty on the Petersburg lines and before Richmond. Toward the last of June, Hampton's cavalry utterly defeated the expedition of Wilson and Kautz to the south and west of Petersburg. Again the Georgians of Young's brigade, under Col. G. J. Wright, had their full share of hardships and glory. Hampton in his report says: The pursuit of the enemy which ended near Peters' bridge closed the active operations which began on June 8th, when the movement against Sheridan commenced. During that time, a period of twenty two days, the command had no rest, was badly supplied with rations and forage, marched upward of 400 miles, fought the
pected, as all the city did, Mr. Soule's high reputation. Accordingly he yielded to the council's substitution. Before Mr. Soule‘s letter could be copied, Lieutenant Kautz and Midshipman Read came on shore with a peremptory written demand for the unqualified surrender of the city and the hoisting of the emblem of the sovereigntso wretchedly renegade as would be willing to exchange places with you. Upon receiving, well or ill, these words of the mayor, Captain Bell, accompanied by Lieutenant Kautz, proceeded to the roof. The crowd below, sullen and indignant, looked up from Lafayette square and St. Charles street to watch the transfer of flags. A sillked down into the street, where he placed himself immediately in front of the howitzer pointing down St. Charles street. Here he continued, unmoving, until Lieutenant Kautz and Captain Bell had reappeared. The sailors, at a word from their officers, drew their howitzers back into the square; after them marched the marines. W
r moved from Deep Bottom; the Eighteenth corps, under Ord, marched by the Varina road, nearest the river; and the Tenth, under Birney, by the Newmarket road; while Kautz, with the cavalry, took the Darbytown road, on the right of the army. All these routes run direct to Richmond, only ten miles north of Deep Bottom. The attack bade, and informed him that rebel reinforcements were arriving from Petersburg. If this continues, he said, it may be well for you to attack the enemy. Meanwhile, Kautz, with the cavalry, had advanced on the Darbytown road to a point within six miles of Richmond, and a division of Butler's infantry was ordered to his support. Bto-night, if they do not reach Richmond. This was accordingly done, and a position taken up, extending from the river at Cox's ferry, to the Darbytown road, where Kautz had pushed on to the line of redoubts nearest Richmond. Thus the success of the day was limited to the capture of Fort Harrison in the morning, and a later adva
lace at the appointed time. At daylight on the 1st of April, hearing as yet nothing from Warren, but strong in the knowledge of reinforcements on the way, Sheridan moved out against the enemy. But Pickett also had learned the approach of the national infantry, and the rebels in Sheridan's front gave way rapidly, moving by the right flank, and crossing Chamberlain's bed. The fact being thus developed that the enemy were reinforcing with infantry, and knowing the whole of Sheridan's and Kautz's cavalry were in our front, induced me to fall back at daylight in the morning to the Five Forks. . . . The enemy was, however, pressing upon our rear in force.—Pickett's Report. They were followed fast by Merritt's two divisions, Devin on the right and Custer on the left, while Crook remained at the rear to hold Dinwiddie and the roads connecting with Meade. The national skirmishers soon overtook the rebel rear guard, and firing began at once in the tangled woods on the right and left, w
ment, III., 356; supersedes Beauregard in front of Sherman, 398; plan to unite forces with Lee, 420; at Bentonsville, 429; retreat through Raleigh, 27; first interview with Sherman, 628; final interview with Sherman, 633; surrender of 634. Kautz, General A. V. attack on Petersburg II., 344; at Ream's station, 404: in Wilson's raid, 404-409; at Darbytown, III., 70. Kenesaw mountain, Sherman's assault on, II., 536-538. Kentucky, neutrality of, i., 11; strategical situation in, 22. Kershawattle of Champion's hill, 256-271; battle of Black river bridge, 275; flight to Vicksburg 287; siege of Vicksburg, 299, 37; surrender of Vicksburg, 370, 385. Petersburg, objective point of any force attacking Richmond from the south, II., 341; Kautz and Gillmore's movement against, 344; condition of, June 14, 1864, 355; rebel fortifications at, 358; Meade's assaults, 361, 377-379; movements of June 22 and 23, 383-386; difficulty of enveloping, 399; Burnside's mine, 465-499; defences of, III.
Col. O. M. Roberts, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 12.1, Alabama (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Battles of the armies in Virginia in which Alabama troops were engaged. (search)
mes and Stannard; loss 383 k, 2299 w, 645 m. Alabama troops, 4th, 15th, 44th, 47th, 48th Inf. Poplar Spring Church, Peebles' Farm, Pegram's, Va., Sept. 30. Gen. Anderson.—Federal, Gen. Meade; loss 189 k, 900 w, 1802 m. Alabama troops, 4th, 15th, 44th, 47th, 48th Inf. Petersburg and Richmond, Va., Sept. 1 to 30. Gen. Lee, 35,088.— Federal, Gen. Grant, 70,000; loss 74 k, 304 w, 424 m. Alabama troops, Lee's army as above. Darbytown Rd., Va., Oct. 7. Gen. Longstreet.—Federal, Gen. Kautz; loss 49 k, 253 w, 156 m. Alabama troops, 4th, 15th, 44th, 47th, 48th Inf. Darbytown Rd., Va., Oct. 13.—Federal, Gen. Terry; loss 36 k, 358 w. Cedar Cr., Va., Oct. 19. Gen. Early, 10,000; loss 320 k, 1540 w, 1050 m.—Federal, Gen. Sheridan, 37,000; loss 644 k, 3430 w, 1591 m. Alabama troops, 3d, 5th, 6th, 12th, 61st Inf.; Jeff. Davis Batty. Boydtown Rd., or Hatcher's Run, Va., Oct. 27.—Federal, Gens. Warren and Hancock; loss 166 k, 1028 w, 564 m, Alabama troops, 41st,
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 12. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The Seventeenth Virginia infantry at Flat Creek and Drewry's Bluff. (search)
d, the Seventeenth Virginia infantry, at Flat Creek bridge, Richmond and Danville railroad, with Kautz's cavalry on the 14th May, 1864, and events following. The time was fraught with events of greant on the 6th May. Butler, with 20,000 men, had thrown himself between Petersburg and Richmond; Kautz, with a strong force of cavalry, had cut the Petersburg railroad in several places, and everywhewere again delayed between Weldon and Petersburg by burnt bridges and torn up track, the work of Kautz and his raiders, causing a march of nine miles at one point before reaching Petersburg. On our We then for the first time took in the situation—that it was to be a race between ourselves and Kautz, which should get there first. The thought flitting through our brain meanwhile that Kautz and Kautz and his bold riders might turn up somewhere on the road, misplace a few rails, ditch our old train, and play wild havoc with us. Thanks to our lucky star this evil fortune did not await us. We reached Bu
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 14. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Campaign of 1864 and 1865. (search)
rning found us massed on the Darby-town road. The enemy's right, consisting of Kautz's division of cavalry, rested on this road. My division having the advance, upon approaching our old exterior line of works, found Kautz with his division dismounted and with twelve or sixteen pieces of artillery behind them. Having previousl(Bratton leading), I assaulted in front. After a sharp fight of twenty minutes Kautz was routed, ten guns and caissons complete, and more than one hundred artilleryorce and intentions, massed about two miles to the rear of the point from which Kautz had been routed a large force of infantry and artillery behind breastworks, pros to make a show in our front, whilst Weitzel with his division of infantry and Kautz's of cavalry should, under cover of the forest, move some distance to our left,is game, directed me to move with my division to the left to resist Weitzel and Kautz. I was still the extreme left of the army, and leaving my strong skirmish line
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