Heald, assisted by Lieutenant Helm.
The young wives of both officers were in the fort.
The garrison and the family of Mr. Kinzie, living near by, were on friendly terms with the surrounding Indians, until the spring of 1812, when the hostile feelina letter from General Hull, notifying Heald of the declaration of war and fall of Mackinaw, and advising him, if expe-
Kinzie mansion and Fort Dearborn. dient, to evacuate the fort and distribute all the United States property there among the neighboring Indians.
Heald was advised by this chief and by Kinzie to leave the fort and let the Indians distribute the property themselves.
While they are doing this, they said, you and the white people may reach Fort Wayne in safety.
Heald, soldier-heir friends and families.
In this affair, twelve children, who were in a wagon, all the masculine civilians excepting Mr. Kinzie and his sons, three officers, and twenty-six private soldiers were murdered.
On the following day the fort was burned
ratified at Vincennes, Aug. 7, 1803, the Indians cede to the United States 1,634,000 acres of land, 336,128 in Illinois; and by treaty of Vincennes, Aug. 13, the Kaskaskias cede most of southern Illinois......1803
Fort Dearborn built on the south side of Chicago River by the federal government and garrisoned.
The corner of Michigan Avenue and River Street, Chicago, marks the site......1803
Congress establishes land offices at Kaskaskia, Vincennes, and Detroit......March 15, 1804
John Kinzie, of the American Fur Company, buys Le Mai's trading-house; is the first permanent settler at Chicago......1804
By the treaty of St. Louis, Nov. 3, 1804, the united Sac and Fox Indians cede to the United States land on both sides of the Mississippi River, extending on the east from the mouth of the Illinois to its head and thence to the Wisconsin......Nov. 3, 1804
Piankeshaw Indians cede to the United States 2,616,921 acres west of the Wabash, opposite Vincennes......Dec. 30, 1805