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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 105 55 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Adams, John Quincy, 1767- (search)
Congress. and was continued in it by successive elections until his death, which occurred suddenly in the Capitol, on Feb. 23, 1848. His last words were, This is the last of earth; I an content. Mr. Adams was a ripe scholar, an able diplomatist, a life-long opponent of human slavery, a bold and unflinching advocate for its abolition. When he was eighty years of age he was called The old man eloquent. He wrote prose and poetry with almost equal facility and purity of diction. See Marquis De Lafayette. Pan-American Union. On Dec. 26, 1825. President Adams sent the following message to the Senate, in which he amplified the views concerning a Pan-American union which he had expressed in a previous message: To the Senate of the United States,--In the messages to both Houses of Congress at the commencement of the session, it was mentioned that the governments of the republics of Colombia, of Mexico, and of Central America had severally invited the government of the United St
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801 (search)
nderson ) to send a letter to Arnold telling him of his detention. Washington returned from Hartford sooner than he expected. He rode over from Fishkill towards Arnold's quarters early in the morning. Two of his military family (Hamilton and Lafayette) went forward to breakfast with Arnold, while Washington tarried to inspect a battery. While they were at breakfast Andre‘s letter was handed to Arnold. With perfect self-possession he asked to be excused, went to his wife's room, bade her fay (Jan. 5. 1781), he withdrew to Portsmouth, opposite Norfolk, and made that place his headquarters for a while. Earnest efforts were made to capture the marauder, but in vain. Jefferson offered $25,000 for his arrest, and Washington detached Lafayette, with 1,200 men, drawn from the New England and New Jersey levies, who marched to Virginia for that purpose and to protect the State. A portion of the French fleet went from Rhode Island (March 8) to shut Arnold up in the Elizabeth River and
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bartholdi, Frederic Auguste. (search)
Bartholdi, Frederic Auguste. French sculptor; born in Calmar, Alsace, April 2, 1834; received the Cross of the Legion of Honor in 1865, and is best known in the United States by his colossal statue in New York Harbor, entitled Liberty enlightening the world. His other works include a statue of Lafayette in Union Square, New York, and a bronze group of Lafayette and Washington, presented by American citizens to the city of Paris, and unveiled Dec. 1, 1895. Soon after the establishment of the republic of France, in 1870, a movement was inaugurated in that country for the presentation to the United States of some suitable memorial to testify to the fraternal feeling existing between the two countries. In 1874 an association, known as the French-American Union, was formed for the furtherance of this object, and most of the foremost men of France lent it their aid. It was decided to present to the United States a colossal statue of Liberty enlightening the world, and more than 1
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Campbell, William 1745- (search)
Campbell, William 1745- Military officer; born in Augusta county, Va., in 1745; was in the battle of Point Pleasant, in 1774, and was captain of a Virginia regiment in 1775. Being colonel of Washington county militia in 1780, he marched, with his regiment, 200 miles to the attack of Major Ferguson at King's Mountain (q. v.), where his services gained for him great distinction. So, also, were his prowess and skill conspicuous in the battle at Guilford (q. v.), and he was made a brigadier-general. He assisted Lafayette in opposing Cornwallis in Virginia, and received the command of the light infantry and riflemen, but died a few weeks before the surrender of the British at Yorktown, Aug. 22, 1781.
eneral Wooster, in April (1776). A month later, General Thomas took command, and, hearing of the approach of a large armament, land and naval, to Quebec, he retreated up the river. Driven from one post to another, the Americans were finally expelled from Canada, the wretched remnant of the army, reduced by disease, arriving at Crown Point in June, 1776. The American Board of War, General Gates president, arranged a plan, late in 1777, for a winter campaign against Canada, and appointed Lafayette to the command. The Marquis was cordially received at Albany by General Schuyler, then out of the military service. General Conway, who had been appointed inspector-general of the army, was there before him. Lafayette was utterly disappointed and disgusted by the lack of preparation and the delusive statements of Gates. I do not believe, he wrote to Washington, I can find 1,200 men fit for duty —and the quarter part of these are naked—even for a summer campaign. The Marquis soon found
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cornwallis, Lord Charles 1738-1805 (search)
ton also directed the earl to take a defensive position in Virginia. Satisfied that after he should send away so large a part of his army he could not cope with Lafayette and his associates, Cornwallis determined to cross the James River and make his way to Portsmouth. This movement was hastened by the boldness of the American tr a high and healthful plain he established a fortified camp. At Gloucester Point, on the opposite side of the river, he cast up strong military works, and while Lafayette took up a strong position on Malvern Hill and awaited further developments, Cornwallis spent many anxious days in expectation of reinforcements by sea. In Augustrrender of the post and the British army. Commissioners were accordingly appointed, the Americans being Col. John Laurens and Viscount de Noailles (a kinsman of Lafayette), and the British Lieutenant-Colonel Dundas and Major Ross. The terms agreed upon were honorable to both parties, and were signed on Oct. 19, 1781. They provid
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Dayton, Jonathan, 1760-1824 (search)
Dayton, Jonathan, 1760-1824 Statesman; born in Elizabethtown, N. J., Oct. 16, 1760; son of Elias; graduated at the College of New Jersey in 1776; entered the army as paymaster of his father's regiment in August; aided in storming a redoubt at Yorktown, which was taken by Lafayette; and served faithfully until the close of the war. He was a member of the convention that framed the national Constitution in 1787, and was a representative in Congress from 1791 to 1799. He was speaker in 1795, and was made United States Senator in 1799. He held the seat until 1805. He served in both branches of his State legislature. Suspected of complicity in Burr's conspiracy, he was arrested, but was never prosecuted. He died in Elizabethtown, Oct. 9, 1824.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fersen, Axel, Count 1755- (search)
Fersen, Axel, Count 1755- Military officer; born in Stockholm, Sweden, in 1755; came to America on the staff of Rochambeau, fought under Lafayette, and received from Washington the Order of the Society of the Cincinnati. Returning to France, he became a favorite at court, and was the disguised coachman in the flight of the royal family from Versailles during the Revolution. He returned to Sweden, and was invested with dignities and honors, Axel Fersen. and in 1801 was made grand marshal of Sweden. On suspicion of complicity in the death of Prince Christian of Sweden, he was seized by a mob, while marshalling the funeral procession, and tortured to death, June 20, 1810.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Forwood, William stump 1830- (search)
Forwood, William stump 1830- Physician; born in Harford county, Md., Jan. 27, 1830; graduated at the University of Pennsylvania in 1854; began the practice of medicine in Darlington, Md. He was the author of The history of the passage of General Lafayette with his army through Harford county in 1781; The history of Harford county; and An Historical and descriptive narrative of the Mammoth Cave of Kentucky.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), French assistance. (search)
ere instructed to give place to the American officers. At the solicitation of Washington, the French fleet at Newport sailed for the Virginia waters to assist in capturing Arnold, then marauding in Virginia. The fleet was to co-operate with Lafayette, whom Washington had sent to Virginia for the same purpose. The British blockading squadron, which had made its winter-quarters in Gardiner's Bay, at the eastern end of Long Island, pursued the French vessels, and off the Capes of Virginia a sharp naval engagement occurred, in which the latter were beaten and returned to Newport. This failure on the part of the French fleet caused Lafayette to halt in his march at Annapolis, Md. Two of the French vessels, taking advantage of a storm that disabled the blockading squadron, entered Chesapeake Bay (February, 1781). Thus threatened by land and water, Arnold withdrew to Portsmouth, so far up the Elizabeth River as to be out of the reach of the French ships. There he was reinforced by
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