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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 138 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lafayette, Marie Jean Paul Roch Yves Gilbert Motier, Marquis de 1757- (search)
mighty men which it has evolved, the name of Lafayette stands unrivalled in the solitude of glory. expected to flow from it. The imagination of Lafayette has caught across the Atlantic tide the sparthe great triumph of freedom. The desire of Lafayette once more to see the land of his adoption an at the point of taking wing. The prayer of Lafayette is not yet consummated. Ages upon ages are m the summit of Pisgah. It was not given to Lafayette to witness the consummation of his wishes insideration that all the principles for which Lafayette contended were practical. He never indulgedclaration of Independence—to the point where Lafayette would have brought them, and to which he looonly, will be the time when the character of Lafayette will be appreciated at its true value throug the time for contemplating the character of Lafayette, not merely in the events of his life, but iunce that Time shall be no more, the name of Lafayette shall stand enrolled high on the list of the[7 more...]
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), L'enfant, Peter Charles 1755-1825 (search)
L'enfant, Peter Charles 1755-1825 Engineer; born in France in 1755; came to America with Lafayette and entered the Continental army as an engineer in 1777. He was made a captain in February, 1778; was severely wounded at the siege of Savannah in 1779; served under the immediate command of Washington afterwards; and was made a major in May, 1783. The order, or jewel, of the Society of the Cincinnati was designed by Major L'Enfant. He was also author of the plan of the city of Washington. In 1812 he was appointed Professor of Engineering at West Point, but declined. He died in Prince George's county, Md., June 14, 1825.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lincoln, Abraham 1809- (search)
you delight to flaunt in our faces the warning against sectional parties given by Washington in his Farewell Address. Less than eight years before Washington gave that warning, he had, as President of the United States, approved and signed an act of Congress enforcing the prohibition of slavery in the Northwestern Territory, which act embodied the policy of the government upon that subject up to and at the very moment he penned that warning; and about one year after he penned it, he wrote Lafayette that he considered that prohibition a wise measure, expressing in the same connection his hope that we should at some time have a confederacy of free States. Bearing this in mind, and seeing that sectionalism has since arisen upon this same subject, is that warning a weapon in your hands against us, or in our hands against you? Could Washington himself speak, would he cast the blame of that sectionalism upon us, who sustain his policy, or upon you, who repudiate it? We respect that w
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), McHenry, James 1753-1816 (search)
McHenry, James 1753-1816 Statesman: born in Ireland, Nov. 16, 1753; emigrated to the United States in 1771; served during the Revolutionary War as surgeon. On May 15, 1778, he was made Washington's private secretary, which office he held for two years, when he was transferred to the staff of Lafayette. He was a member of the Maryland Senate in 1781-86, and of Congress in 1783-86. Washington appointed him Secretary of War in January, 1796, and he served until 1801. He died in Baltimore, Md., May 3, 1816.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), McPherson, William 1751- (search)
McPherson, William 1751- Military officer born in Philadelphia in 1751; was appointed a cadet in the British army at the age of thirteen; and became adjutant of a regiment. He joined the continental army on the Hudson at the close of 1779 and was made a brevet-major by washington. Serving as aide to Lafayette for a while, he was appointed to the command of a partisan corps of cavalry, which served in Virginia in 1781. President Washington appointed him surveyor of the port of Philadelphia in 1789; inspector of revenue in 1792; and naval officer late in 1793, which post he held until his death, Nov. 5, 1813. He was made brigadiergeneral of the provisional army in 1798. His brother, John, was aide to general Montgomery, and perished with him at the siege of Quebec (q. v.).
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Monmouth, battle of (search)
empt the movement. He at first refused, but, seeing the earnestness of the marquis, he yielded a little, and ordered him to wheel his column by the right and attack Clinton's left. At the same time he weakened Wayne's detachment by taking three regiments from it to support the right. Then, being apparently disconcerted by a movement of the British, he ordered his right to fall back; and Generals Scott and Maxwell, who were then about to attack, were ordered to retreat. At the same time Lafayette received a similar order, a general retreat began, and the British pursued. In this flight and pursuit Lee showed no disposition to check either party, and the retreat became a disorderly flight. Washington was then pressing forward to the support of Lee, when he was met by the astounding intelligence that the advance division was in full retreat. Lee had sent him no word of this disastrous movement. The fugitives, falling back upon the main army, might endanger the whole. Washing
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Monroe, Elizabeth Kortwright 1768-1830 (search)
Monroe, Elizabeth Kortwright 1768-1830 Wife of President James Monroe; born in New York City in 1768; married Monroe in 1786; accompanied her husband abroad in 1794 and 1803. She was instrumental in obtaining the release of Madame Lafayette during the French Revolution. She died in Loudon county, Va., in 1830.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Muhlenberg, John Peter Gabriel 1746- (search)
bodied men of his parish responded, and became soldiers of the 8th Virginia (German) regiment. He had been an active patriot in civil life, and was efficient in military service. In February, 1777, he was made brigadier-general, and took charge of the Virginia line, under Washington. He was in the battles of Brandywine, Germantown, and Monmouth, and was at the capture of Stony Point. He was in chief command in Virginia in 1781, until the arrival of Steuben; and was second in command to Lafayette in resisting the invasion of the State by Cornwallis. At the siege of Yorktown (q. v.) he commanded a brigade of light infantry, and was made a major-general at the close of the war. Removing to Pennsylvania, he was elected a member of the council, and, in 1785, vice-president of the State. He was a member of Congress much of the time from 1789 to 1801, and in 1801-2 was United States Senator. He was supervisor of the revenue for the district of Pennsylvania, and, in 1803, collector of
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Neville, Presley 1756-1818 (search)
Neville, Presley 1756-1818 Military officer; born in Pittsburg, Pa., in 1756; graduated at the College of Philadelphia in 1775; served as aide-de-camp to Lafayette during a part of the Revolutionary War; and was captured at Charlestown in 1780 Later he was made a brigadier-inspector He died in Fairview, Ohio, Dec. 1, 1818
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Noailles, Louis Marie, Viscount de 1756-1804 (search)
Noailles, Louis Marie, Viscount de 1756-1804 Military officer; born in Paris, France, April 17, 1756; was a distinguished military officer under Rochambeau in the siege of Yorktown, where he commanded a regiment, and was one of the commissioners to arrange articles of capitulation for the surrender of Cornwallis. He was brotherin-law of Lafayette; and in 1789, with other nobles, laid aside his titles and sat with the Third Estate, or Commons, in the French Parliament. As the Revolution assumed the form of a huge tyranny, he left the army and came to the United States. Re-entering the French service in 1803, he was sent to Santo Domingo in that year, where he was mortally wounded in an action with an English vessel, and died in Havana, Cuba, Jan. 9, 1804. During his absence in the United States his wife was guillotined.
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