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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing),
Lancaster, Joseph 1778- 1838 (search)
Lancaster, Joseph 1778-1838 Educator; born in London, Nov. 25, 1778; became interested in educating poor children, for whom he opened a school in Southwark, in 1798, and taught for scarcely any remuneration. The success of this led him to establish similar schools in different parts of England, on the plan of having the more advanced pupils teach those in the lower classes. In 1818 he came to the United States, where his system had already been adopted in many schools, owing to which fact he did not derive much financial benefit by the change. His publications include Improvements in education; Epitome of the chief events and transactions of my own life, etc. He died in New York City, Oct. 24, 1838.