Your search returned 50 results in 17 document sections:

1 2
ent was raised under this policy, which fought bravely at the battle of Rhode Island, Aug. 29, 1778. and elsewhere; as many of those composing it had done prior to its organization. Massachusetts, New York, Act of March 20, 1781. and other States, followed the example of Rhode Island, in offering liberty to slaves who would enlist in the patriot armies; and the policy of a general freeing and arming of able and willing slaves was urged by Hon. Henry Laurens, of S. C., by his son Col. John Laurens, by Col. Alexander Hamilton, Gen. Lincoln, James Madison, Gen. Greene, and other ardent patriots. It is highly probable that, had the Revolutionary War lasted a few years longer, it would have then abolished Slavery throughout the Union. Sir Henry Clinton, the King's commander in the North, issued June 30, 1779. a Proclamation, premising that the enemy have adopted a practice of enrolling negroes among their troops ; and thereupon offering to pay for all negroes taken in arms, and
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Barry, John, 1745-1803 (search)
, late in 1777, Barry took the Effingham Frederic Auguste Bartholdi. up the Delaware with the hope the Delaware with the hope of saving her, but she was burned by the British. Howe had offered him a large bribe if he would deliver the ship to him at Philadelphia, but it was scornfully rejected. Barry took command of the Raleigh, 32, in September, 1778, but British cruisers compelled him to run her ashore in Penobscot Bay. In the frigate Alliance, in 1781, he sailed for France with Col. John Laurens, who was sent on a special mission; and afterwards he cruised successfully with that ship. At the close of May he captured the Atlanta and Trespass, after a severe fight. Returning in October, the Alliance was refitted, and, after taking Lafayette and the Count de Noailles to France, Barry cruised in the West Indies very successfully until May, 1782. After the reorganization of the United States navy in 1794, Barry was named the senior officer. He superintended the building of the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cornwallis, Lord Charles 1738-1805 (search)
d Yorktown with an overwhelming force. Finding escape impossible, and further resistance futile, Cornwallis sent a flag to Mrs. Moore's House. Washington, with a request that hostilities should be suspended for twenty-four hours, and that commissioners should be appointed on both sides to meet at Mrs. Moore's house, on the right of the American lines, to arrange terms for the surrender of the post and the British army. Commissioners were accordingly appointed, the Americans being Col. John Laurens and Viscount de Noailles (a kinsman of Lafayette), and the British Lieutenant-Colonel Dundas and Major Ross. The terms agreed upon were honorable to both parties, and were signed on Oct. 19, 1781. They provided for the surrender of Cornwallis as a prisoner of war, with all his troops, and all public property as spoils of victory. All slaves and plunder found in possession of the British might be reclaimed by their owners; otherwise private property was to be respected. The loyalis
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Jackson, William 1759-1828 (search)
Jackson, William 1759-1828 Military officer; born in Cumberland, England, March 9, 1759; was taken to Charleston, S. C., an orphan, at an early age; at the breaking out of the Revolutionary War he entered the military service. He finally became aide to General Lincoln, and was made a prisoner at Charleston in 1780. He was secretary to Col. John Laurens, special minister to France, and was in Washington's military family as aide, with the rank of major. Jackson was assistant Secretary of War under Washington, and was secretary to the convention that framed the national Constitution in 1787. From 1789 to 1792 he was aide and private secretary to President Washington; from 1796 to 1801 was surveyor of the port of Philadelphia, and was secretary to the General Society of the Cincinnati. He died in Philadelphia, Dec. 17, 1828.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Laurens, John 1753- (search)
Laurens, John 1753- Military officer; born in Charleston, S. C., in 1753; son of the preceding. Liberally educated in England, he returned to his native State just as the Revolutionary War was kindling (1775), when he entered the army as an aide to Washington, and frequently acted as secretary. Expert in the French and German languages, he was Washington's chief medium of communication with the foreign officers in the service. He was a patriotic and brave soldier under all circumstances, and was devoted to the commander-in-chief. On one occasion he challenged Gen. Charles Lee for speaking disparagingly of the chief. They fought, and he severely wounded Lee. In the battles at the Brandywine and Germantown Laurens was particularly distinguished; and afterwards, at Savannah and at Charleston and Yorktown, he performed prodigies of valor. At the latter place he was conspicuous at the storming of a battery, and was the first to enter it and receive the sword of the commander.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Negro soldiers. (search)
Negro soldiers. When young John Laurens, then in the camp of Washington, heard of the British invasion of his State, early in 1779, he felt anxious to fly to its defence. He proposed to gather a regiment of negroes. Alexander Hamilton recommended the measure to the president of Congress. He was favorable to the plan of emuld accept them; to others, to be prisoners of war The executive council debated the surrender of the town, and, in defiance of remonstrances from Moultrie, young Laurens (who was in Charleston), and others, they proposed a neutrality during the war between Great Britain and America, the question whether the State shall belong to Great Britain or remain one of the United States to be determined by the treaty of peace between the two powers. Laurens was requested to carry this proposition to Prevost, but he scornfully refused, and another took it. Prevost refused to treat, and demanded the surrender of the troops as prisoners of war. Then we will fight it ou
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Paine, Thomas 1737- (search)
of the distresses of the soldiers. The Assembly was disheartened. Paine wrote a letter to Blair McClenaghan, a Philadelphia merchant, stating the case, and enclosing $500 as his contribution to a relief fund. A meeting of citizens was called, when a subscription was circulated, and very soon the sum of £300,000 (Pennsylvania currency) was collected. With this capital a bank (afterwards the Paine's monument. Bank of North America) for the relief of the army was established. With Colonel Laurens, Paine obtained a loan of 6,000,000 livres from France in 1781. In 1786 Congress gave him $3,000 for his services during the war, and the State of New York granted him a farm of 300 acres of land at New Rochelle, the confiscated estate of a loyalist. Sailing for France in April, 1787, his fame caused him to be cordially received by distinguished men. In 1788 he was in England, superintending the construction of an iron bridge (the first of its kind) which he had invented. It now sp
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Revolutionary War, (search)
lves that western lands to be ceded shall be formed into republican States, and become equal members of the Union Oct. 10, 1780 Gen. Nathanael Greene appointed to command of the armies in the South, superseding General Gates Oct. 14, 1780 Col. John Laurens appointed a special minister to France to secure a loanDec., 1780 Pennsylvania troops break camp at Morristown, Jan. 1, demanding back pay. Congress appoints a commission, which accedes to their demandJan. 1, 1781 Benedict Arnold plunderst, for they aroused the Congress and the people to the necessity of more efficient measures for the support of the army, their only reliance in the struggle. Taxes were more cheerfully paid; sectional jealousies were quelled; a special agent (John Laurens) sent abroad to obtain loans was quite successful, and a national bank was established in Philadelphia and put in charge of Robert Morris, the superintendent of the treasury. Count de Rochambeau received intelligence at the close of May, 17
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Georgia, (search)
......May 21, 1782 Orders received by Sir James Wright at Savannah for evacuation of the province......June 14, 1782 Seat of provincial government removed to Ebenezer, headquarters of General Wayne, where Assembly meets......July 1, 1782 Savannah evacuated by British; Col. James Jackson selected to receive the keys......July 11, 1782 Executive council establish themselves in Savannah, and legislature convenes......July 14, 1782 Last blood of Revolution shed in Georgia, Col. John Laurens, killed in a skirmish at Combahee Ferry......Aug. 27, 1782 General Pickens and Colonel Clarke drive a party of marauding Tories from settlement on Etowah into Florida......Oct. 17, 1782 General McIntosh, John Houstoun, and Edward Telfair appointed agents to adjust the northern boundaries......Feb. 15, 1783 Treaty ratified at Augusta; Creeks cede country west of Tugaloo, including headwaters of Oconee River......May 31, 1783 Legislature convenes at Augusta......July 8, 1783
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Yorktown, siege of (search)
ount Deuxponts. At a given signal Hamilton advanced in two columns—one led by Major Fish, the other by Lieutenant-Colonel Gimat, Lafayette's aide; while Lieut.-Col. John Laurens, with eighty men, proceeded to turn the redoubt to intercept a retreat of the garrison. So agile and furious was the assault that the redoubt was carried in a few minutes, with little loss on either side. Laurens was among the first to enter the redoubt, and make the commander, Major Campbell, a prisoner. The life of every man who ceased to resist was spared. Plan of the siege of Yorktown. Meanwhile the French, after a severe struggle, in which they lost about 100 men inthat the bombardment of his lines was continuous, severe, and destructive, and on the 17th he offered to make terms for surrender. On the following day Lieutenant-Colonel Laurens and Viscount de Noailles (a kinsman of Madame Lafayette), as commissioners of the allies, met Lieutenant-Colonel Dundas and Major Ross, of the British
1 2