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Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 12: Gettysburg. (search)
t's corps bivouacked the night of the 1st, left its post after sunrise, passed through Hood's and McLaws's divisions, whose arms were stacked, and went into line of battle on Anderson's right at 9 A. M. Wilcox's right rested in a piece of woods, and seven hours afterward, at 4 P. M., McLaws formed in these same woods. Longstreet admits that he was ordered at eleven to move to the right to attack with the portion of the command then up, but delayed, on his own responsibility, to await General Laws's brigade, which had been detached on picket. His disobedience of orders in failing to march at once with his command then present, many believe, lost to Lee the battle of Gettysburg. With a corps commander who knew the value of time, obeyed orders with promptness and without argument, Lee's movement on Meade's left could have commenced at seven or eight o'clock A. M., with all the chances for success, and there would probably have been no combat on the 3d. The Third Federal Corps was
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 5. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Leading Confederates on the battle of Gettysburg. (search)
econd time, he did so under protest. The troops engaged with me in the fight of the 2d were mostly Georgians, as follows: The four Georgia brigades of Generals Benning, Anderson, Wofford and Semmes, General Kershaw's South Carolina brigade, General Laws' Alabama brigade, General Barksdale's (afterward General Humphrey's) Mississippi brigade, and General Robertson's Texas brigade. Our men had no thought of retreat. They broke every line they encountered. When the order to withdraw was given waiving all question of an order from General Lee. I have shown that I did not receive orders from General Lee to attack until about 11 o'clock on the 2d; that I immediately began my dispositions for attack; that I waited about forty minutes for Laws' brigade, by General Lee's assenting authority; that by especial orders from General Lee my corps marched into position by a circuitous route, under the direction and conduct of Col. Johnson of his staff of engineers; that Colonel Johnson's orders
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 5. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), A review of the First two days operations at Gettysburg and a reply to General Longstreet by General Fitz. Lee. (search)
e General is a little nervous this morning; he wishes me to attack; I do not wish to do so without Pickett. In General Longstreet's official report we find that Laws' brigade was ordered forward to its division during the day and joined about noon on the 2d. Previous to his joining [the italics are mine] I received instructions command that was up, to gain the Emmettsburgroad on theenemy'sleft, and that fearing that my force was too weak to venture to make an attack, I delayed until General Laws' brigade joined its division. And yet in face of this, his official report, he charges the responsibility of the delay of his attack to General Lee in his recent paper to the Times, by writing that after receiving from General Lee the order to attack at 11 o'clock, he waited for Laws' brigade to come ap, and that General Lee assented. The two statements, it will be readily perceived, are at variance. General Hood says he arrived, with his staff, in front of the heights of Gettysbur
Doc. 47.-Morgan's invasion of Ohio. Account by an eye-witness. on the twenty-seventh of June, 1863, the Second and Seventh Ohio cavalry and the Forth-fifth Ohio mounted infantry, together with Laws's howitzer battery, left Somerset, Ky., for Jamestown, for the purpose of watching Morgan, who, with his whole brigade, was encamped on the other side of the Cumberland River. We lay there from the twenty-ninth June to the third July, more or less skirmishing going on all the while — when on that day Captain Carter of the First Kentucky cavalry, with detachments of the Second Ohio cavalry and Forty-fifth Ohio mounted infantry, went on a reconnoissance toward Columbia. There they had a fight with the advance of Morgan's division, which we then found had crossed the river on the second of July. About five o'clock on the afternoon of the third, Captain Carter was very seriously wounded, and the enemy pressed us so closely, that we were compelled to fall back. At six o'clock a d
immediately sent the First and Eleventh Kentucky cavalry, and part of the Twelfth, to recapture them, which was accomplished, but was not all held. Just at this time an attack was fiercely made upon the town on the east, north, and west sides, including all the approaches, and was defended by the Forty-fifth Ohio, mounted men, on the west, and the Twelfth Kentucky cavalry on the east, and a small part of the First and Eleventh on the north, while the small howitzer battery, commanded by Captain Laws, was stationed on the high hill which sets in the south of the town. Picket skirmishing commenced at twelve o'clock, and in thirty minutes the lines engaged, and continued firing with more or less volume for an hour, when it was ascertained that two brigades at least surrounded our position, and cut off the return of the First and Eleventh. As our danger had been telegraphed to General White at Loudon, and our guns in hearing of his quarters, Colonel Wolford naturally expected reenforce
s stripped to his shirt and drawers. Such is the venomous malignity of these desperadoes, who term themselves Southern chivalry, that bodies are mutilated, prisoners are outraged, and all are robbed. In Burnside's front, Longstreet is pressing, and skirmishing has been constant for the last three days. The train of White's division was burned, by order of General Burnside, to-day, and a section of Benjamin's battery was captured, making the third we have lost in the last ten days, namely, Laws's, Phillips's, and Benjamin's. The two armies are seventeen miles from Knoxville, Burnside slowly falling back. If he can hold the rebels without severe loss or decisive action for a few days longer, our reenforcements from Grant will reach Longstreet's rear, and that active rebel leader will take to the mountains, or to Camp Chase. Forrest and Wheeler have fallen back, it is supposed, to make an attempt to cross the river elsewhere, and get in our rear. We shall probably be apprised of hi
frequent halts, until near three, when an aid of General Jackson directed me to form in line of battle to my right, and press through the woods to the firing, which now became very heavy. This was at once done. The Texas brigade on the left, and Laws's on the right, a regiment of each in reserve, the troops forced their way, in good order, in line of battle, through a dense forest and swamp. We came out on the telegraph road, in a heavy but distant fire of artillery, about four P. M. At this position to be taken by the artillery rendered infantry support necessary, and I was directed by General Jackson to form my line with my right on the road, in the wood, advancing to the edge in front, and holding that. This was done by the third (Laws's) brigade. The line, continued by Hood, extended across Poindexter's field, the men lying down, concealed by the wheat and the roll of the ground. I had been strengthened by the third brigade, of Jackson's division proper, under the command o
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The battle of Chickamauga-letter from Captain W. N. Polk. (search)
Cheatham's division7,000 Stewart's division4,398 Cleburne's division5,115      Total infantry and artillery21,688  Cavalry2,000      Total23,688      Loss about4,000  Confederate left wing, Major-General Hood:  Johnson's division3,683 Laws's division about3,000 Trigg's brigade1,536      Total infantry and artillery8,219      Loss about2,000 In reserve, not engaged, 2 brigade's, Preston's3,270  Right wing:  Hill's corps.Breckinridge3,769 Cleburne4,670 Walker's corps.Liddellront and one in the rear. Preston's division was placed in reserve on the left; Law's division in the rear of Johnston's. The brigades of Kershaw and Humphries, of McLaw's division, commanded by Kershaw, were posted in rear of Law. Johnston's, Laws's and Kershaw's commands were under Hood, and formed a column of eight brigades, arranged four lines deep. This General Longstreet intended as his principal column of attack. General Longstreet having understood a gap existed
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The Fifteenth Georgia regiment at Gettysburg. (search)
y, I herewith submit to Brigadier-General H. L. Benning a report of the part taken by my regiment (the Fifteenth Georgia) in the battle of Gettysburg on the 2d and 3d of July, 1863. My regiment occupied that portion of the ground on the extreme left of the brigade. On the 2d of July, after moving for a considerable distance across an open field under a heavy shelling from the enemy's batteries, I reached my position from which I was to move in line of battle to assist in supporting Brigadier-General Laws's brigade, which I learned had moved forward to attack the enemy. After marching forward four or five hundred yards, I, with the rest of the brigade, was halted and rested until an order came to me from General Benning to move forward at once to the support of our advanced troops. This movement was made at once, in good order, under fire of the enemy's artillery. After getting within a hundred and fifty yards of the advanced troops, I was again halted by General Benning for a few
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Roster of troops at battle of Chickamauga. (search)
essary to prevent confusion and make clear the extract from the forthcoming Memoir of General Polk, we reprint it as here given:] Confederate force September 19th, General Bragg Commanding. Right wing--Lieutenant-General Polk. Walker's corps5,175 Cheatham's division7,000 Stewart's division4,398 Cleburne's division5,115   Total, infantry and artillery21,688 Cavalry2,000   Total23,688   Loss, about4,000 Left wing--Major-General Hood. Johnson's division3,683 Laws's division about3,000 Trigg's brigade1,536   Total, infantry and artillery8,219   Loss, about2,000 In reserve, not engaged, two brigades, Preston's3,270 Federal force September 19th, General Rosecranz Commanding. Left wing--Major-General Thomas. Brannan's division5,989 Baird's division4,655 Johnson's division4,184 Palmer's division4,853 Reynolds's division6,268 Van Cleve, two brigades2,300   Total, infantry28,247   Artillery, about2,000   Total, about30,247
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