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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 57 1 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Antietam, battle of. (search)
er attempt to retake the Burnside Bridge, as it was called. Hill came up just in time to save Lee's army from destruction. Darkness ended the memorable struggle known as the Battle of Antietam. The losses were very severe. McClellan reported his losses at 12,460 men, of whom 2,010 were killed. He estimated Lee's loss as much greater. The losses fell heavily upon certain brigades. That of Duryee retired from the field with not more than twenty men and four colors. Of the brigades of Lawton and Hays, on the Confederate side, more than one-half were lost. On the morning of the 18th both parties seemed more willing to rest than to fight; and that night Lee and his Burnside Bridge, Antirtan Creek. shattered army stole away in the darkness, recrossed the Potomac at Williamsport, and planted eight batteries on the high Virginia bank that menaced pursuers. There had been a very tardy pursuit. At dark on the evening of the 19th, Porter, who was on the left bank of the river, orde
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Capron, Allyn 1846- (search)
Capron, Allyn 1846- Military officer; born in Tampa, Fla., Aug. 27, 1846; graduated at the United States Military Academy in 1867, and entered the artillery branch. When the American-Spanish War began he accompanied General Shafter's army to Cuba. On July 1, 1898, he led General Lawton's advance, and fired the first shot of the battle. The Spanish flag on the fort at El Caney was carried away by a shot from his battery. His exposure in the Santiago campaign resulted in typhoid fever, from which he died near Fort Myer, Va., Sept. 18, 1898. Government bakeries at the Capitol.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), El Caney, (search)
sition. After the landing of the troops at Daiquiri (q. v.) on June 20-22, a Spanish earthworks and intrenchments at El Caney. forward movement began, and by the 27th the whole army, 16,000 strong, had reached points within 3 miles of Santiago. General Shafter, in consultation with the other generals, determined on an enveloping movement to prevent a junction of the forces under General Pando and those under General Linares in Santiago. In accordance with this plan the division of General Lawton moved out on June 30, into positions previously determined. By Block-House at El Caney. daylight on July 1, Capt. Allyn K. Capron's light battery reached a commanding hill, 2,400 yards from the village. The brigade of Maj.-Gen. Adna E. Chaffee was assigned a position east of El Caney that he might be prepared to attack after the first bombardment, and Brig.-Gen. William Ludlow went around to the west with his brigade for the purpose of preventing a retreat of the Spaniards into Santi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), French, Daniel Chester 1850- (search)
French, Daniel Chester 1850- Sculptor; born in Exeter, N. H., April 20, 1850; educated in Boston, Mass., and in Florence, Italy; had a studio in Washington, D. C., in 1876-78, and then established himself in Florence. His bestknown works are The minute-man of Concord, in Concord, N. H.; a life-size statue of General Cass, in the Capitol in Washington; Dr. Gallaudet and his first deaf-mute pupil; the Millmore Memorial; the colossal Statue of the republic, at the World's Columbian Exposition; and the Garfield Memorial, in Philadelphia, Pa. In April, 1901, he was chosen by the Lawton Monument Association, of Indianapolis, Ind., to make a memorial to Gen. Henry W. Lawton (q. v.), who was killed in the battle of San Mateo, Philippine Islands, Dec. 19, 1899.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lawton, Henry Ware 1843- (search)
Lawton, Henry Ware 1843- Military officer: born in Manhattan, O., March 17, 1843; was brought up in Indiana; and at the beginning of the Civil War, before he was eighteen years old, he entered the army as sergeant of the 9th Indiana Infantry. In August following he was commissioned first lieutenant in the 30th Indiana Infantry; in May, 1862, was promoted to captain; in November, 1865, to lieutenant-colonel; and on March 13, 1865, was brevetted colonel for distinguished services in the fiel he had charge of the forward movement of the American troops, and further distinguished himself by the capture of El Caney (q. v.) after a notable engagement with the Spaniards, for which he was given the two stars. On Jan. 19, 1899, he Henry Ware Lawton. was sent to the Philippines, and soon after his arrival at Manila he began active operations against the Filipino insurgents, and met with remarkable success by adopting the tactics he had followed in his campaigns against the Indians. On
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ludlow, William (search)
utenant of engineers in 1864; was promoted captain, March 7, 1867; major, June 30, 1882; lieutenant-colonel, Aug. 13, 1895; and brigadier-general, Jan. 21, 1900. In the war with Spain he was appointed brigadier-general of volunteers, May 4, 1898, and promoted to major-general on Sept. 7 following. He was honorably discharged under his last volunteer commission, and appointed a brigadiergeneral of volunteers, both on April 13, 1899; and the last appointment was vacated on his promotion to brigadier-general in the regular army. At the outbreak of the war with Spain, in 1898, he was ordered to Cuba. He greatly distinguished himself in the battle of El Caney (q. v.), and he was in command of the 1st brigade of General Lawton's division in the attack on Santiago by the land forces. After his promotion to major-general of volunteers he was assigned to the 2d division of the 1st Army Corps, and in December, 1898, he was appointed the first American military and civil governor of Havana.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Philippine Islands, (search)
ith just, stable, effective, and economical administration, and compatible with the sovereign rights and obligations of the United States. April 22–May 17. General Lawton led an expedition to San Isidro. April 25–May 5. General MacArthur captured Calumpit and San Fernando. June 10-19. Generals Lawton and Wheaton advanced Generals Lawton and Wheaton advanced south to Imnus. June 26. General Hall took Calamba. Aug. 16. General MacArthur captured Angeles. Sept. 28. General MacArthur, after several days' fighting, occupied Porac. Oct. 1-10. General Schwan's column operated in the southern part of Luzon and captured Rosario and Malabon. Nov. 2. The Philippine commission appire province to Captain McCalla, of the Newark. Dec. 11. The President directed General Otis to open the ports of the Philippines to commerce. Dec. 19. General Lawton was killed in attacking San Mateo. Jan. 22, 1901. Treaty with Spain for the purchase of the island of Cibutu and Cagayan for $100,000 ratified by United
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), San Juan Hill (search)
four light batteries, of four guns each, in the army, and Lawton's division, assisted by Capron's battery, was ordered to mthe attack of which was to be delayed by the infantry till Lawton's guns were heard at El Caney. About this time news wasy soon enter Santiago from the northwest. Early on July 1 Lawton was in position, Chaffee's brigade on the right, Ludlow's ates's brigade was ordered from the rear to the support of Lawton, and the battle continued. It was in these assaults that iven from their intrenchments and forced to retire. After Lawton had become well engaged, Grimes's battery from the heightsaled, were ordered to deploy—Wheeler to the right, towards Lawton, and Kent to the left. We here quote General Shafter: r remained behind their works repelling numerous assaults, Lawton advanced his lines and gained strong and commanding positie. My orders had been to march forward until I joined General Lawton's left wing, but after going about three-quarters of a
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sargent, Herbert Howland 1858- (search)
Sargent, Herbert Howland 1858- Jurist; born in Carlinville, Ill., Sept. 29, 1858; graduated at Blackburn University in 1878 and at the United States Military Academy in 1883; was on frontier duty till the outbreak of the war with Spain; organized volunteers in Washington in May, 1898; and was appointed colonel of the 5th United States Volunteer Infantry the same month; served at Santiago and Guantanamo, Cuba; returned to the United States with his regiment, May, 1899; was promoted captain of cavalry, March 2, 1899, and appointed lieutenant-colonel of the 29th United States Volunteer Infantry in July following. In October he sailed for Manila with his regiment; fought against the insurgents in the island of Luzon; and commanded the assaulting forces during the action in which General Lawton was killed at San Mateo, Dec. 19, 1899. He is the author of Napoleon Bonaparte's first campaign; and The campaign of Marengo.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Siboney, (search)
the 24th all the troops of this contingent were on shore. The Spanish troops made but little resistance. On the 23d General Lawton's division reached Siboney, and on the following day pushed forward so that General Kent's division might immediatelyace. In these early movements the Americans were greatly assisted by a body of Cubans. General Shafter planned that General Lawton's division should take a strong defensive position on the road from Siboney to Santiago; Kent's division was to be held near Santiago; Bates's brigade was to support Lawton; and Wheeler's cavalry division was to be in the rear on the road from Daiquiri to Siboney. On the 23d-24th, however, General Young's brigade, of Wheeler's division, passed Lawton, and was theLawton, and was therefore in the advance early the next morning. This brigade consisted of part of the 10th United States Cavalry and two battalions of the 1st Volunteer Cavalry (Rough Riders). On the road to Santiago, and about 3 miles from Siboney, was the strong na
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