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Emilio, Luis F., History of the Fifty-Fourth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry , 1863-1865 18 0 Browse Search
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Adjutant,—Garth W. James. Quartermaster,—John Ritchie. Company A. Capt., John W. M. Appleton. 1st Lieut., Wm. Homans. Company B. Capt., Samuel Willard [Mann]. 1st Lieut., James M. Walton. 2d Lieut., Thomas L. Appleton. Company C. 1st Lieut., James W. Grace. 2d Lieut., Benjamin F. Dexter. Company D. Capt., Edward L. Jones. 1st Lieut., R. H. L. Jewett. Company E. Capt., Luis F. Emilio. 2d Lieut., David Reid. Company F. Capt., Watson W. Bridge. 2d Lieut., Alexander Johnston. Company G. 1st Lieut., Orin E. Smith. 2d Lieut., James A. Pratt. Company H. Capt., Cabot J. Russel. 2d Lieut., Willard Howard. Company I. Capt., George Pope. 1st Lieut., Francis L. Higginson. 2d Lieut., Charles E. Tucker. Company K. Capt., William H. Simpkins. 2d Lieut., Henry W. Littlefield. Lewis H. Douglass, a son of Frederick Douglass, was the original sergeant-major. Arthur B. Lee, of Company A, was made commissary-sergeant; and Theodore J. Becker, hospital stewa
ution the British overran the island. On the next island to the south Lamar landed his last cargo of slaves from the Wanderer. St. Simon's had been fortified early in the Civil War; but in February, 1862, the armament was removed, and then the few remaining inhabitants went away. While the Fifty-fourth were enjoying the delights of St. Simon's, Brig.-Gen. Quincy A. Gillmore had relieved General Hunter. Admiral John A. Dahlgren was to replace Admiral Dupont. Tidings of these changes, of Lee having crossed the Rappahannock, the capture of Harper's Ferry, and the investment of Port Hudson, were received by the Harriet A. Weed, on June 23. Orders also came for the Fifty-fourth to report at Hilton Head. During the afternoon and evening of June 24, the regiment was taken in detachments on the Mayflower to the ocean steamer, Ben Deford, lying off Montgomery's camp, whence it sailed early the next day for Hilton Head. Colonel Montgomery's regiment was also ordered away. About noo
10th. Before night word came that all the ground south of Fort Wagner on Morris Island was captured with many guns and prisoners. This news was received with rousing cheers by Terry's men and the sailors. At dawn Colonel Davis's men crossed to James Island, his skirmishers driving a few cavalry. At an old house the main force halted with pickets advanced. While this movement was taking place, a portion of the other troops landed. That day a mail brought news of Vicksburg's capture and Lee's defeat at Gettysburg. Lieut. Edward B. Emerson joined the Fifty-fourth from the North. About noon of the 11th, the regiment landed, marched about a mile, and camped in open ground on the furrows. of an old field. The woods near by furnished material for brush shelters as a protection against the July sun. By that night all troops were ashore. Terry's division consisted of three brigades,—Davis's, of the Fifty-second and One Hundred and Fourth Pennsylvania and Fifty-sixth New York; Br
could hear them having jolly times at Secessionville, cheering, etc., and from seeing regiments leaving in heavy marching order, with baggage-wagons in the rear, judge that the uproar was occasioned by these departures of troops, probably to join Lee. General Gillmore, on May 1, formally relinquished command of the department to General Hatch. Admiral Dahlgren, who had been North, returned that day and records in his journal: Hatch says that Gillmore has taken off twenty thousand men, and . Where practicable, sentry-boxes were built for shelter. The troops suffered from want of ice. Desiccated vegetables, soaked overnight and boiled with fresh beef, were issued twice a week. As fresh vegetables were sorely needed, Commissary-Sergeant Lee was sent to Beaufort and brought back a limited quantity. Our daily duties of fatigue and grand guard went on unvaryingly week after week. The troops only looked forward to the arrival of the mails to bring news of events taking place else
Emilio, Luis F., History of the Fifty-Fourth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry , 1863-1865, Chapter 14: Charleston and Savannah. (search)
ole division was inspected by Brig.-Gen. Seth Williams, U. S. A. Our regiment was in excellent condition, and the colored brigade made a good appearance, numbering twenty-three hundred men. It seemed that the government, having paid us once in the two years service, was allowing that to suffice, for six months pay was due at this time. The officers were penniless, and had to send North for money or borrow it to subsist upon. Sherman's victorious progress, Sheridan's brilliant successes, Lee's inability to hold back Grant, and the whole seaboard fallen, made it manifest that the war was virtually over. The Fifty-fourth then expected but a brief period of garrison duty, followed by a homeward voyage, without again hearing a hostile shot; but a new field of service was before them, for after a review of the troops on the 25th by General Grover at The Plain, orders came for the Fifty-fourth and One Hundred and Second United States Colored Troops to proceed to Georgetown, S. C. T
fty-fourth was brought to a field, where the last shots loaded with hostile intent were fired as a salute. Soon after, the march was resumed in sultry weather with frequent showers. Ten miles from the Santee the division bivouacked after completing a journey of twenty miles. On the 22d the troops continued on over the Santee road. When opposite Wright's Bluff, the wounded, sick, and about five hundred contrabands were sent to the river for transportation by water. News was received of Lee's surrender which, though not unexpected, caused great rejoicing. General Potter turned over the command to Col. P. P. Brown, One Hundred and Fifty-seventh New York, and departed for Charleston to convey news of the armistice. After marching twenty-three miles, the troops halted for the night. At 5.30 A. M., on the 23d, the Second Brigade led out for the day's march. Now that hostilities had ceased, the force was dependent upon such supplies as could be purchased. A very large number of
connection with other colored organizations, the Fifty-fourth contributed to the establishment of a fact bearing strongly upon the military resources of our country then and now. We have read in the opening chapter that the United States only called the blacks to bear arms when disaster covered the land with discouragement and volunteering had ceased. It is also to be remembered that our enemy, having from the incipiency of the Rebellion employed this class as laborers for warlike purposes, at the last resolved upon enrolling them in their armies. This plan, however, was still-born, and was the final and wildest dream of Davis, Lee, and the crumbling Confederacy. But the courage and fidelity of the blacks, so unmistakably demonstrated during the Civil War, assures to us, in the event of future need, a class to recruit from now more available, intelligent, educated, and self-reliant, and more patriotic, devoted, and self-sacrificing, if such were possible, than thirty years ago.
sley, E. W., 16. Knight, A. A., 175. Knowles, Alfred H., 145, 176, 183, 202, 237, 260, 288. Kurtz, John, 31, 319. L. L Company, 149. Labor besieging Wagner, 125. Ladies' Committee, 15, 23. Lake City, Fla., 154,155,157. Lamar, Battery, 54, 200, 201, 203. Lamar, G. B., 46. Landing at Jacksonville, 152. Lane, Joseph, 143. Lane, W. A., 41. Langdon, Loomis L., 161, 167. Langston, John M., 14. Laudonniere, Rene de, 151. Lawler, Mr., 285. Lawrence, Amos A., 11. Lee, Arthur B., 34,197. Lee, Francis L., 15. Lee, Henry, Jr., 16. Lee, Robert E., 46, 53, 189, 288, 308. Left Batteries, 106, 109, 217. Legareville, S. C., 54, 144, 211, 213. Lehigh, monitor, 138, 209. Lenox, Charles W., 202, 248. Leonard, Andrew W., 145, 164, 169, 183, 188, 202, 206, 232, 237, 246, 291, 316. Levee at Chickering Hall, 15. Lewis, J. F., 210. Lewis, Mr. and Mrs., 217. Lighthouse Inlet, S. C., 52, 68, 186, 187, 192, 193, 199, 215. Lincoln, Abraham, 1, 97, 148, 196, 23