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ame proposition; but he always in gentle words turned aside the request which interfered with his nearer duty to Prussia. I have already related the visit of Arthur Lee to Berlin. The rash man, who was then British envoy to Prussia, attempted to throw upon the officiousness of a servant the blame of having stolen the American urchase and ship arms from Prussia. Before the end of 1777 he promised not to be the last to recognise the independence of the United States; Schulenburg to Arthur Lee, 18 Dec., 1777. and in January, 1778, his minis- 1778. Jan. ter, Schulenburg, wrote officially to one of their commissioners in Paris: The king desires that yolly to one of their commissioners in Paris: The king desires that your generous efforts may be crowned with complete success. He will not hesitate to recognise your independence, when France, which is more directly interested in the event of this contest, shall have given the example. Schulenburg to Arthur Lee, 16 Jan., 1778.
army to Hopewell. There, on the twentyfourth, Lee insisted in council that the Americans should ring and most of the brigadiers again sided with Lee. From Allentown the British general, fearing da, who marched towards the enemy with alacrity. Lee now fretted at the wrong which he pretended wasd this appeal succeeded. On the twenty-sixth Lee was sent forward with Chap. IV.} 1778. June 27 with one another. To a proposal of Lafayette, Lee answered: You don't know the British soldiers: about eight in the morning Clinton sent against Lee two regiments of cavalry with the grenadiers, guards, and highlanders. Lee should now have ordered a retreat; but he left the largest part of histo carry it through. The precipitate flight of Lee, whether due to necessity, or the want of abiliMassachusetts, who, on the day at Monmouth, was Lee's aide-de-camp, and on the trial was one of hisaph Memoirs of Lafayette. Steuben: I found General Lee on horseback before a house. Doctor Machen[19 more...]
t Hartford; but, while the development of the institutions of the country was promoted by showing how readily the people of a group of states could come together by their delegates for a purpose of reform, prices rose and continental bills went down with accelerated speed. The loan offices exchanged paper money at its par value for United States certificates of debt, bearing interest at six per cent. About a fortnight before Howe took possession of Philadelphia, congress, on a hint from Arthur Lee, resolved to pay the annual interest on the certificates of debt by drawing bills of exchange on their commissioners in Paris for coin. How these bills were to be met at maturity was not clear: they were of a very long date, and, before any of them became due, a dollar in coin was worth six in paper; so that the annual interest payable at Paris on a loan certificate became equal to about thirty-six per cent. The anxious deliberations of the committee of congress during more than two mo
The Dutch were still brave, provident, and capable of acts of magnanimity; but they were betrayed by their selfish executive and the consequent want of unity of action. In April, 1778, the American commissioners at April 28 Paris,—Franklin, Arthur Lee, and John Adams,—in a letter to the grand pensionary, van Bleiswijck, proposed a good understanding and commerce between the two nations, and promised to communicate to the states-general their commercial treaty with France. The Dutch governme of the United States of America should be recognised by the English. Declaration of van Berckel, 23 Sept., 1778, in Dip. Cor., i. 457. To get rid of everything of which England could Sept. complain, the offer made in April by Franklin, Arthur Lee, and John Adams, to negotiate a treaty of commerce between America and the Netherlands, together with a copy of the commercial treaty between the United States and France, was, near the end of October, communicated to the states-general. They
s retreat by a feint, and to give it the air of a military manoeuvre. Troops sent up the Hudson river as if to take the Americans in the rear induced Washington to move his camp to Rockaway bridge, confiding the post at Short Hills to two brigades under the command of Greene. Early on the twenty-third, the British Chap. XVIII.} 1780. June 23. advanced in two compact divisions from Elizabethtown Point to Springfield. The column on the right had to ford the river before they could drive Major Lee from one of the bridges over the Passaic. At the other, Colonel Angel with his regiment held the left column in check for about forty minutes. Greene prepared for action; but the British army, though it was drawn up and began a heavy cannonade, had no design to engage; and at four in the afternoon, after burning the houses in Springfield, it began its return. All the way back to Elizabethtown, it was annoyed by an incessant fire from American skirmishers and militia. Its total loss is n
ncur with them in re-establishing the government of the king. No sooner had the British left the banks of the Dan, than Lee's legion recrossed the river. They were followed on the twenty-first by the light troops, 21. and on the twenty-second biver for their protection. By the order of Greene, Pickens, who had collected between three and four hundred militia, and Lee formed a junction and moved against both parties. Missing Tarleton, they fell in with three hundred royalists, under Coloix-pounders, and Lieutenant-Colonel Washington with an able corps of observation; on their left a like corps was formed of Lee's command and the riflemen from beyond the mountains. The battle began with cannonading about one in the afternoon. Thing fired more than twice, very few more than once, and near one-half not at all. Greene in Letters to Washington, 266. Lee and Campbell with their troops were separated from the main army, which they did not rejoin till the next day. Without
e was about to expire, he retained nearly eighteen hundred men, with small chances of re-enforcements or of sufficient subsistence. He knew the hazards which he was incurring; but, in case of untoward accidents, he believed that Washington and his other friends would do justice to his name. The possession of the interior of South Carolina depended on the posts at Camden and Ninety-Six in that state, and at Augusta in Georgia. On the sixth April 6. of April, Greene detached a force under Lee, which joined Marion, and threatened the connections between Camden and Charleston; Sumpter, with three small regiments of regular troops of the state, had in charge to hold the country between Camden and Ninety-Six, and Pickens with the western militia to intercept supplies on their way to Ninety-Six and Augusta. Ramsay, II. 227; differing a little from Johnson, II. 68, and Marshall, II. 4. After these preparations, Greene on the seventh 7. began his march from Deep river, and on the