Reflections on the battles before Richmond.
The real importance of the Pamunkey expedition, in giving General Lee a perfect insight into the position of the army of McClellan, now manifested itself in the most brilliant light.
As tof the Shenandoah, numbering between 25,000 and 30,000 men, to fall upon the enemy's right flank, and, turning it, to give Lee the opportunity for a general attack.
General Thomas Jonathan Jackson, known alike to friends and foes as Stonewall, fromnks getting into some confusion.
At this moment General Stuart, who had to ride a few hundred yards farther to meet Colonel Fitz Lee, turned round to me, saying, Captain, I wish you to remain here with my Staff and escort until I come back, to give soup and hard bread.
He talked very sensibly of the war and of the recent battle, and expressed his great admiration for Lee, Jackson, and Stuart.
About 10 A. M. I was able to turn the prisoners over to one of Jackson's officers; and then, mou
ated, and that general confusion and disorder marked the spot.
The next day General Stuart surprised and gladdened me inexpressibly by placing in my hands my commission as major and adjutant-general of cavalry, which he had brought with him from Richmond.
The General himself had been created a Major-General.
Our cavalry, strongly reinforced by regiments from North and South Carolina, had been formed into a division consisting of three brigades, commanded by Brigadier-Generals Hampton, Fitz Lee, and Robertson, with three batteries of horse-artillery, amounting in all to about 15,000 well-mounted men.
On the 4th of August the trumpet sounded again for the march, as a reconnaissance in force was to be undertaken in the direction of Port Royal and Fredericksburg.
With four regiments and one battery we pushed on all day until we reached the village of Bowling Green, about twenty miles distant, where we made a bivouac for the night.
On the 5th, the hottest day of the whole summer
rdiersville, where he expected the arrival of Fitz Lee's brigade, and desired me to accompany himseleneral Stuart what had become of his hat?
Fitz Lee's brigade, which had been detained by bad roan the morning of the 19th we marched with General Fitz Lee's brigade towards the Rapidan, where Robetillery, on account of the depth of the water.
Lee's brigade was sent to the right, in the directt out for active operations, with portions of Fitz Lee's and Robertson's brigades and our horse-artiduties.
During the afternoon I received from Fitz Lee's Quartermaster, Major Mason, as a mount for was a short one, as I had to hasten after General Fitz Lee, who had already been ordered by Jackson about a mile and a half higher up the road.
Fitz Lee had been a lieutenant in the 2d U. S. Cavalrymn.
They had served in former days both with Fitz Lee and Stuart; and it was curious, as an illustruit on the left, our Virginia horsemen, under Fitz Lee, had just joined us, and every one burned wit[7 more...]
annon, and we soon received a report from General Fitz Lee that he had been engaged in a brisk skirmess to move away from Urbana.
About 11 A. M. Fitz Lee's brigade passed through the village on its wlled the Pleasant valley.
At Boonsboroa, General Lee found himself, with the remaining portion otch the enemy's movements, the other brigade, Fitz Lee's, having been detached from his command to tsaddles for pillows.
General Lee was now in readiness to meet the mighty Fedand to forward any important information to Generals Lee, Jackson, and Longstreet.
Sharpsburg isood and extensive corn-fields.
The strength of Lee's army was always over-estimated throughout thel Munford, was detached to the extreme right, Fitz Lee's and Hampton's were held in reserve on the ehich we were kindly invited to partake.
General Lee soon arrived upon the spot, and leaving ther the continued occupation of the country.
General Lee has often been censured for having fought t[14 more...]
nia partridges and a Virginia plantation.
escape of a spy.
advance and repulse of the enemy.
visits to neighbours.
General Stuart had received orders from General Lee to march at once, with two of his brigades (Hampton's and Robertson's), two regiments of infantry, and his horseartillery, to the little town of Williamsport, a slightly guarded, determined upon a forward movement into Virginia, and had already crossed the river with a considerable body of his troops at Boteler's Mill. General Lee, foreseeing this, had put Jackson in charge of his rear, and old Stonewall, having allowed as many Yankees to come over as he thought convenient, suddenly brokecalled Bunker Hill.
The cavalry had to cover the line along the Potomac from Williamsport to Harper's Ferry, Hampton's brigade being stationed near Hainesville, Fitz Lee's near Shepherdstown, and Robertson's under Colonel Munford, near Charlestown, opposite Harper's Ferry; which latter stronghold, after everything valuable had be
the foe. General Stuart immediately sent instructions to Fitz Lee to come with all haste to his support, and determined upoion of the town, however, was of very short duration; for Fitz Lee suddenly appearing on their right flank at the same momend at full gallop to the headquarters of Colonel William H. F Lee (son of General Robert E. Lee), who was temporarily in command of the brigade of his cousin Fitz Lee, this officer having a few days before received a kick on the leg from a malicious mule, which disabled him for a considerable time.
Colonel Lee had already hastened towards Martinsburg, whither we followed hsharpshooters on approaching the outskirts of the town.
Colonel Lee had retired a short distance upon the turnpike leading twithin which time the town must be again in our possession.
Lee's brigade was ordered to open the attack in front, supportedo occupy Martinsburg and gradually re-establish his pickets, Lee's brigade continuing the pursuit, followed by Pelham with fo
action, the whole resembling, with its slow manoeuvring of troops and regular firing, the operations of a sham-fight or a field-day of volunteers.
Stuart and Fitz Lee, with the officers of their respective Staffs, had taken their position on a gigantic rock, from which they had an excellent view of the movements of the Yankeeadvancing upon us across the fields, which I could compare only to a mighty avalanche, seemed likely to crush everything before them; but the gallant fellows of Fitz Lee's brigade stood the shock of their attack nobly, and succeeded for a time in checking the onward movement of their columns.
Stuart perceiving, however, that he our admirable soldiers to the conflict.
Not until one of our caissons had been exploded by a well-aimed shot; not until Colonel Wickham, temporarily commanding Fitz Lee's brigade, had been wounded at my side, a fragment of shell striking him in the neck; not until the hostile infantry was outflanking us on either side,was the or
r's Cross Roads, the supposed new position of Fitz Lee's brigade, without bringing us in contact wite instantly in person, leaving instructions for Lee's brigade to follow without delay, that we may d a few minutes afterwards we galloped up to Fitz Lee's brigade, which, according to orders, occupithe Hazel river.
Our command, and especially Fitz Lee's brigade, had suffered severely from the conlled Company Q, and had been put in charge of Fitz Lee's gallant quartermaster, Major Mason.
I feltmpment was soon laid out in regular order.
General Lee with the greater part of his army, had now y back he had called at the headquarters of General Lee, and received orders for going off the nextnnaissance in force.
He was to take with him Fitz Lee's brigade, one battery, and two regiments of by General Stuart to report immediately to General Lee what had been done, I galloped rapidly aheaithout stopping.
With some trouble I found General Lee's encampment on the opposite side of the to
s immediately among the horses; and the greatest gratification I could give him was to take him for a rapid gallop before me in the saddle.
During the morning General Lee came over to our camp on a short visit, and I was touched by the gentle, sympathising way in which he talked with Mrs Stuart.
Our friend Lawley having announceommander had moved the greater part of his force by rapid marches down the Rappahannock towards Fredericksburg, hoping to cross the river and occupy the town before Lee should be able to divine his intentions.
But Mr Burnside had not counted on the vigilance of Stuart's cavalry, the untiring activity of our scouts, and the promptn him. Whereupon the Federal General was fain, after many useless threats to shell the town, to postpone yet a little while his rapid On to Richmond, thus giving General Lee time to move his whole force towards Fredericksburg, where, at the end of November, the two hostile armies were confronting each other.
This change of base
our cavalry were now separated, guarding the numerous fords of the Rappahannock, which rendered necessary a picket-line of more than fifty miles in length.
W. H. E Lee's brigade was stationed on the Lower Rappahannock, near Port Royal; Fitz Lee's command, under Rosser, at a point some distance beyond our headquarters, at SpotsylvaFitz Lee's command, under Rosser, at a point some distance beyond our headquarters, at Spotsylvania Court-house; and Hampton's on the Upper Rappahannock, in Culpepper county.
On the morning of the 27th November I galloped over to Rosser's headquarters upon some matters of business, which, having been duly transacted, the Colonel and I proceeded together to the estate of a neighbouring planter, Mr R., a noted fox-hunter, with whose hounds the officers of Fitz Lee's brigade, when duty would admit of it, were accustomed to engage in the exciting diversion of the chase.
General Stuart and his Staff had been invited by Mr R. to take part in a fox-hunt, the arrangements for which had been fully made, and we had looked forward to it with no little satisfa