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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 49 1 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Adams, Hannah, 1755-1831 (search)
iness when she was seventeen years of age, and his children were compelled to help themselves. During the war for independence she supported herself by teaching and lace-making. Miss Adams wrote a History of the Jews, in which she was assisted by the Abbe Gregoire, with whom she corresponded. She also wrote a History of New England, published in 1799. She also wrote hooks on religious subjects; and, in 1814, published a Controversy with Dr. Morse (Rev. Jedidiah). Her autobiography, continued by Mrs. G. G. Lee, was published in 1832. Miss Adams was small in stature, very deaf in her old age, fond of strong tea, and an inveterate snuff-taker. She derived very little pecuniary gains from her writings; but her friends established a comfortable annuity for her. She was one of the pioneer literary women of the United States, possessing rare modesty and great purity of character. She died in Brookline, Mass., Nov. 15, 1831. Her remains were the first interred in Mount Auburn Cemetery.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Adams, John, 1735- (search)
part. Returning. he was elected a member of the Provincial Congress. He was an efficient speaker and most useful committee-man in the Continental Congress until he was appointed commissioner to France late in 1777, to supersede Deane. He advocated. helped to frame, voted for, and signed the Declaration of Independence. and he was a most efficient member of the Board of War from June, 1776, until December, 1777. He reached Paris April 8, 1778. where he found a feud between Franklin and Lee, two other commissioners. He advised intrusting that mission to one commissioner, and Franklin was made sole ambassador. He was appointed minister (1779) to treat with Great Britain for peace. and sailed for France in November. He did not serve as commissioner there, but. in July, 1780, he went to Holland to negotiate a loan. He was also received by the States-General as United States minister, April 19, 1782. He obtained a loan for Congress of $2,000,000, and made a treaty of amity and
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Alexander, William, 1726-1783 (search)
dom of Stirling, but was unsuccessful. He spent much of his fortune in the matter. It was generally believed that he was the rightful heir to the title and estates, and he assumed the title of Lord Stirling, by which he was ever afterwards known in America. When the quarrel with Great Britain began in the colonies Lord Stirling espoused the cause of the patriots. In 1775 he was appointed a colonel, and in March, 1776, was commissioned a brigadier-general in the Continental army. When General Lee went South, Lord Stirling was placed in command of the troops in and around the city of New York. After conspicuous service in the battle of Long Island (Aug. 27, 1776) he was made a prisoner, but was woon exchanged; and in 1777 he was commissioned by Congress a major-general. He fought with Washington on the Brandywine on Sept. 11, 1777, and was specially distinguished at Germantown and Monmouth, commanding the left wing of the American army in the last-named engagement. He was one
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Antietam, battle of. (search)
ter the surrender of Harper's Ferry, Sept. 15, 1862. Lee felt himself in a perilous position, for General Fran swift marches, had recrossed the Potomac and joined Lee on Antietam Greek. When the Confederates left South Mountain, McClellan's troops followed them. Lee's plans were thwarted, and he found himself compelled to fightont in overwhelming numbers. It was ascertained that Lee's army did not number more than 60,000, McClellan's e0. McClellan's army was well in hand (Sept. 16), and Lee's was well posted on the heights near Sharpsburg, on as it was called. Hill came up just in time to save Lee's army from destruction. Darkness ended the memora 12,460 men, of whom 2,010 were killed. He estimated Lee's loss as much greater. The losses fell heavily uponed more willing to rest than to fight; and that night Lee and his Burnside Bridge, Antirtan Creek. shattered iffin to cross the stream with two brigades and carry Lee's batteries. He captured four of the guns. On the n
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Appomattox Court-House, (search)
ender of General M'Lean's House, the place of Lee's Scrrender. Lee to General Grant. The Army ofLee to General Grant. The Army of Northern Virginia was reduced by famine, disease, death, wounds, and capture to a feeble few. ThesAppomattox Station, on the Lynchburg Railroad. Lee's vanguard approaching, were pushed back to AppCourt-House, 5 miles northward — near which was Lee's main army — losing twenty-five guns and many d, and on that evening he stood directly across Lee's pathway of retreat. Lee's last avenue of escLee's last avenue of escape was closed, and on the following day he met General Grant at the residence of Wilmer McLean, atompanied by his chief of staff, Colonel Parker; Lee was attended by Colonel Marshall, his adjutant-stances, in their leniency and magnanimity, and Lee was much touched by them. They simply required Lee and his men to give their parole of honor that they would not take up arms against the governmbe obedient to law. Grant, at the suggestion of Lee, agreed to allow such cavalrymen of the Confede[3 more...]<