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mber. unpopularity of General Pemberton. pleasure of the City and State authorities at General Beauregard's superseding him. loss of General Beauregard's papers of this period of the war. General Beauregard's tour of inspection throughout his Department. criticism of the lines of works as constructed by General Pemberton. General Beauregard's regret at the abandonment of the exterior system of coast defences. interior lines most defective. General long attributes these lines to General R. E. Lee. error of General long. General Pemberton's estimates of the minimum forces necessary for the defence of Charleston. General Beauregard assumes command September 24th. General Pemberton given command of Department of the Mississippi. conference of officers on the 29th. matters discussed by them. General Beauregard begins the armament of forts and the erection of fortifications. anchorage of boom in the main channel. alteration made by General Beauregard in the position of the
te attention. The houses on Sullivan's Island, on the sea-shore, you will take measures to remove at an early day. We now have before us two important and interesting memoranda, giving an elaborate professional criticism of the defences of Savannah and its different approaches, showing the defects of the system adopted by General Beauregard's predecessor, and demonstrating clearly General Long's error of judgment in attributing the construction of these works—or most of them— to General R. E. Lee. The reader will find these memoranda in the Appendix to this chapter. We insert here the instructions given by General Beauregard to General Mercer, after his second tour of inspection of the defensive works at or around Savannah; they form a necessary supplement to the memoranda just spoken of: Savannah, Ga., Oct. 28th, 1862. Brig.-Genl. H. W. Mercer, Comdg. Dist. of Georgia, etc., etc.: General,—Before leaving, on my return to Charleston, I think it advisable to leave wi<
expectations, he certainly had no idea that troops would be taken from him to reinforce neighboring commands. Such was the case, however, as will appear by the following telegram: Richmond, Va., Dec. 13th, 1862. General Beauregard: General Lee has just telegraphed to General Smith General G. W. Smith, then commanding in South Virginia and North Carolina. as follows: For Wilmington and the coast of North Carolina, draw reinforcements from North Carolina and General Beauregard. Otconjunction with the force from the fleet to be landed at Beaufort (N. C.), on the railroad, and then to assail Wilmington in reverse. It is recommended to you, in case of a telegram confirmatory of such movements, to act on the suggestion of General Lee, and send reinforcements, if, and to the extent you think it can be done, without too greatly risking your command. Should communication between Wilmington and this city be broken, you will give to Wilmington special attention and such aid as
on the militia would entail, but considered that the occasion justified him in requiring the presence of every arms-bearing man the State could raise. His letter ended thus: In other words, my command is much smaller than the force under General Lee, a year ago, in this State, when the hostile force at Port Royal was not more than half the one now concentrated in that vicinity. With what resources I have I shall make the best battle I can, conscious that I have done all I could to enlant-Colonel Yates to the command of another expedition against Federal steamers which were attempting to do in Winyaw Bay what the Isaac Smith had previously done in the Stono. General Beauregard was also very anxious to try there the merit of Captain Lee's torpedo-boats, which he was having prepared for that purpose. The more threatening the movements of the enemy appeared, the more active were General Beauregard's preparations to meet his attack. On the 23d he instructed the Commander of
y on the morning of the 6th of September a despatch was received from Colonel L. M. Keitt, commanding Battery Wagner, to the following effect: * * * The parapet of salient is badly breached; the whole fort is much weakened; a repetition to-morrow of to-day's fire (alluding to the 5th inst.) will make the work almost a ruin. The mortar fire is still very heavy and fatal, and no important work can be done. Is it desirable to sacrifice the garrison? To continue to hold it is to do so. Captain Lee, the Engineer, has read this, and agrees. The casualties in Battery Wagner on the 5th of September were about 100 out of 900. Another despatch was received from Colonel Keitt, dated 8.45 A. M. Incessant fire from Yankee mortars and Parrott battery; can't work negroes; better look after them promptly. Had thirty or forty soldiers wounded in an attempt to work. Will do all I can, but fear the garrison will be destroyed, without injuring the enemy. The fleet is opening, but I h
iew. I now address you my views on the reported intentions of General Lee or the War Department, to see if our small available means cannosed to a better purpose. It is evident to my mind that, admitting Lee's movement can prevent Meade from reinforcing Rosecrans and drive the former across the Potomac, Lee cannot prevent Rosecrans from being reinforced by about 40,000 or 50,000 men from Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana, M be defeated; then, either you must be reinforced from Johnston's or Lee's army, or Middle Georgia would be lost, and the Confederacy, now cuime to organize and discipline them, would retake the offensive, and Lee would be driven back towards Richmond, admitting that his supplies wy on the defensive in Virginia, send you immediately 25,000 men from Lee's army, 5000 or 10,000 more from Johnston's forces, to enable you to they could be concentrated into a strong army. In the mean time, Lee, if necessary, could fall back within the lines around Richmond unti
left with General Anderson. he demands leave of absence. telegram from War Department desiring his co-operation with General Lee. he accepts. he turns over the command of the Department to General Samuel Jones. his parting address to the troops spring campaign, are now returning Meade's corps as fast as possible, for fear of being forestalled by Longstreet joining Lee, and the two together crushing Meade, which should have been done by this time; for Longstreet would move on interior linede's reinforcements may be sent South for a winter campaign against Charleston, Savannah, or Wilmington; hence Johnston or Lee must be prepared to reinforce us. Halleck is just finding out what can be done with sudden and rapid concentration of troo War Department was received during the night of the 13th, inquiring if his health would permit him to come and assist General Lee in the defence of Richmond. His answer was: Charleston, S. C., April 14th, 1864. Genl. Braxton Bragg, Commande
gard to General Bragg, was as follows: that General Lee should fall back from his position, near Gued that the proposed retrograde movement of General Lee's army towards Richmond, and the withdrawalButler, and afterwards, in conjunction with General Lee, against Grant; for that was the only plan rom General Lee's army, that he should join General Lee, overwhelm Grant, and march to Washington. warded, with the usual formal indorsement. General Lee's opinion on the case was shown by the instposed that Beauregard should be reinforced from Lee, so as to crush Butler, and then move to Lee's Lee's support, to take the offensive against Grant; the second proposed that Beauregard should move first to Lee's support, to attack and defeat Grant, and thence return, reinforced by Lee, to finish Butlntirely separate and distinct from his, and General Lee was not in the habit of openly violating thxhaustively treated, conclusively show that General Lee did not make such a request (it was not an [20 more...]
eral Beauregard's telegrams and messages to General Lee. a new defensive line. how General Beauret Creek, Va., June 14th, 1864:8.10 P. M. General R. E. Lee, Army N. Va.: A deserter from the ene Petersburg, June 17th, 1864:6.40 P. M. General R. E. Lee, Clay's House On south side of James Rit to get troops to Petersburg without delay. R. E. Lee, General. Official. W. H. Taylor, A. A. G. again quote from page 508 of his book: General Lee had ordered General Beauregard not to evacuke proceeds as follows: On the 16th he [General Lee] was in face of his adversary there [at Pettruction; so much so, it may be added, that General Lee's forces, on their arrival, had only to fil as to dates, and have unjustly ascribed to General Lee alone the almost incredible repulse of the cited above, several of which are signed by General Lee himself. The present writer well remembe Swinton's Army of the Potomac, p. 511. General Lee reached Petersburg at 11.30 A. M. on the 18[42 more...]
ederate line of intrenchments. denial that General Lee consulted General Mahone concerning the loc by Kershaw's, then by Field's division, of General Lee's army—making an aggregate of 15,000 in theacks, to secure the capture of the place before Lee's entire army could arrive. The assaults of thmmander had thus been doubly and trebly foiled, Lee had by no means displayed consummate generalshi On the 20th of June, after the arrival of General Lee's forces at Petersburg, the Confederate arm. When, about mid-day on the 18th, he took General Lee to the elevated site of the Petersburg Reser and positive on this point. He says: General Lee was too good a soldier and engineer, and hald not get up in time to save the town. General Lee did not at any time consult General Mahone l Mahone acquired skill by such practice General Lee consulted him concerning the topographical uld have to operate. General Mahone was of General Lee's opinion, and the suggested plan was not c[21 more...]
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