Browsing named entities in Col. John M. Harrell, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 10.2, Arkansas (ed. Clement Anselm Evans). You can also browse the collection for Robert E. Lee or search for Robert E. Lee in all documents.

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back to the equipment of an army was the want of efficient arms, and yet, of the 60,000 electors in the State, 25,000 were enrolled the first year and transported to the fields of battle. The provisional government, which had been organized at Montgomery, adjourned to assemble at Richmond, Va., July 20, 1861. President Davis proceeded to the Virginia capital at once, and placed himself at the head of the executive department. Virginia ratified the ordinance of secession in April, and Gen. R. E. Lee was placed in command of the Virginia forces. His available strength was divided into three armies, to oppose the movements which threatened Virginia from beyond the Potomac. At Sewell's Point, in May, Federal steamers kept up an unsuccessful attack upon the Confederate battery for two days. In June, near Bethel church, a detached work, defended by North Carolina and Virginia troops, was attacked by Federals, who were repulsed. Ellsworth, the Zouave colonel, was killed at Alexandria,
n Dorn to join his forces with those of Beauregard on the Mississippi river, if possible. To this General Van Dorn replied, March 16th, that he would unite all his troops at Pocahontas, about the 7th of April, and would have about 20,000, maybe more; that the enemy in Arkansas had fallen back to Springfield. On the 17th of March he sent a message to Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston that by the 22d he would get off, and reach Pocahontas on April 7th with 15,000 men. He received a letter from Gen. R. E. Lee, dated March 19th, informing him that all the troops called from Arkansas and Texas, and by Hebert from the coast, were ordered to him. March 19th, General Van Dorn ordered Col. T. J. Churchill, with his brigade, and Gates' battalion of cavalry, to make an expedition against Springfield, Mo., and endeavor to capture and destroy the stores of the enemy there. On the same day the First division, army of the West, under command of Major-General Price, was ordered to be ready to march on
us and more significant events that absorbed the public attention. On the same day Vicksburg capitulated, and four days later Port Hudson fell. On the day before, Lee's invasion of Pennsylvania had terminated adversely in his decisive defeat at Gettysburg. Before this momentous July 3d and 4th, the sympathy of the French and Ef Roebuck for intervention had been offered in the house of commons. If once put to the house its passage was a foregone conclusion. The London Times exulted over Lee's invasion of Pennsylvania. But while parliament was becoming daily more favorable to the proposition, Gettysburg was lost! The force of events and the dictates o desolation over the face of the earth. The last thought of intervention was banished from the councils of that great power. General Lord Wolseley, in a eulogy on Lee, has written: The desperate, though drawn battle of Gettysburg was the death-knell of Southern independence. But the conflict went on. Blood continued to flow, eve
Stand Watie; Second Cherokee, Col. W. P. Adair; First Choctaw and Chickasaw, Col. Tandy Walker; First Creek, Col. D. N. McIntosh; Second Creek, Col. Chilly McIntosh; First Chickasaw battalion, Lieut.-Col. L. M. Reynolds; Osage battalion, Major Broke Arm; Seminole battalion, Lieut.-Col. John Jumper; Texas partisan rangers, Col. L. M. Martin; Twenty-ninth Texas cavalry, Col. Charles De Morse; Scanland's squadron, Capt. John Scanland; cavalry company, Capt. L. E. Gillett; Howell's Texas battery; Lee's light battery. Brigade of Brig.-Gen. W. L. Cabell: Carroll's Arkansas cavalry, Lieut.-Col. Lee L. Thompson; Dorsey's squadron, Col. John Scott; Hill's Arkansas cavalry, Col. John F. Hill; Monroe's Arkansas cavalry, Col. J. C. Monroe; Bass' Texas cavalry, Lieut.-Col. T. D. Taliaferro; Texas cavalry company, Capt. W. J. Coggins; Crawford's Arkansas cavalry, W. A. Crawford, organizing officer, Maj. John M. Harrell commanding; Hughey's Arkansas battery. Fort Smith was the strategic key to
n of great military capacity. His strategic moves were usually good, and admitting that his overconfidence at Jenkins' ferry cost him dearly, he had a right to rely on assistance there. One practical lesson most thoroughly impressed in experience of actual war is that a most trivial accident may thwart a grand combination, and cause disappointment to a heartfelt wish like that expressed by Wellington: Would that night or Blucher would come. There was only one Stonewall Jackson, and but one Lee, in the course of centuries. As it resulted, the Western campaign proposed for the spring of 1865, after much preparation and thought, was never fought. It may be well, in reaching the closing days of a great endeavor, to repeat the old adage: Man proposes, and God disposes. The Confederacy ceased to exist when its military resources were exhausted. The dispersion of the Confederates in Arkansas was not attended by even a single scene of disorder. The government wagons, ambulances an
ng at double-quick several miles that morning to save the Confederate line. In the engagement that day, its colonel, Manning, was shot through the thigh, and being captured was detained a prisoner of war until three months after the surrender of Lee. Judge Joe Alexander, as a private, lost an arm in that battle. The regiment, which was one of the largest in the army by the accession of Bronaugh's battalion, having on its roster about 1,500 men, was in the bloody battle of Cold Harbor, June 1, 1864, where Texas and Arkansas soldiers exemplified a valor which was never surpassed. It was at Deep Run, August 6, 1864; at Petersburg during the siege by Grant; at High Bridge and Farmville in 1865; was in the retreat with Lee, and surrendered at Appomattox, where it stacked only 300 guns out of the 1,500 it carried ten months before. One of its noted achievements was the repulse of a Maine regiment at Spottsylvania, after the latter had repulsed the Fourth and Fifth Texas, which were sm
here was heavy loss, among the killed Col. L. Featherston, commanding the Fifth and Thirteenth regiments, and among the wounded Lieutenant-Colonel Baucum, Eighth Arkansas. McNair's brigade, Johnson's division, which had crossed the creek about 4 p. m. on the 18th, had also passed the night in the front of the Federal forces, but much closer to the enemy, in fact near the center of the Federal line which was broken by Longstreet on the 20th, and not far from the Chattanooga road (north from Lee and Gordon's mill), for the possession of which the battle was fought. Johnson's division was assigned to the command of Lieut.-Gen. James Longstreet, who had just arrived with part of his corps from Virginia to reinforce Bragg. About noon McNair was ordered to support Gregg, who had become involved in the fight in which Govan participated. The Twenty-fifth Arkansas, Lieutenant-Colonel Hufstedler, and the Thirty-ninth North Carolina, made an impetuous charge, and drove the enemy three-fou
of Arkansas, who was one of the commissioners to negotiate a peace with Mexico. General Churchill's earliest American ancestor was William Churchill of Middlesex county, Va., who married Elizabeth, sister of Judith Armistead, ancestress of Robert E. Lee. His son, Armistead Churchill, married Lucy Harrison, aunt of Gen. William Henry Harrison. Their son, Armistead Churchill, was the grandfather of General Churchill. His son Samuel married Abby, daughter of Colonel Oldham of Kentucky, and t had been recuperated and rested awhile at Monterey, the brigade under Gen. H. R. Jackson advanced to the Greenbrier river and pitched their tents at the head of a beautiful little valley among the Alleghanies, known as the Travelers' Repose. General Lee, who was at this time commanding in Virginia, determined to attack the Federal fortified camp on Cheat mountain. Colonel Rust on a scouting expedition-had discovered a mountain pass, by which he could lead infantry into the rear of the Federa