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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 11 9 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the Colonization of the United States, Vol. 1, 17th edition. 7 5 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Army Life in a Black Regiment 1 1 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Harvard Memorial Biographies 1 1 Browse Search
Col. O. M. Roberts, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 12.1, Alabama (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 1 1 Browse Search
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Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Army Life in a Black Regiment, Chapter 4: up the St. John's. (search)
all anxieties vanished; I transferred my quarters on board, and at two the next morning we steamed up the river. Again there was the dreamy delight of ascending an unknown stream, beneath a sinking moon, into a region where peril made fascination. Since the time of the first explorers, I suppose that those Southern waters have known no sensations so dreamy and so bewitching as those which this war has brought forth. I recall, in this case, the faintest sensations of our voyage, as Ponce de Leon may have recalled those of his wandering search, in the same soft zone, for the secret of the mystic fountain. I remember how, during that night, I looked for the first time through a powerful night-glass. It had always seemed a thing wholly inconceivable, that a mere lens could change darkness into light; and as I turned the instrument on the preceding gunboat, and actually discerned the man at the wheel and the officers standing about him,--all relapsing into vague gloom again at th
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Alexander vi., Pope. (search)
egions discovered, and to make a conquest of the West Indies. Alexander assented without much hesitation to the proposal, and, on May 3, 1493, he issued a bull, in which the lofty pretensions of the Bishop of Rome to be the sole arbiter of the world were fully set forth, and a grant given to Ferdinand and Isabella of all the countries inhabited by infidels which they had discovered or should discover, extending the assignment to their heirs and successors, the kings and queens of Castile and Leon. To prevent the interference of this grant with one previously given to the Portuguese, he directed that a line supposed to be drawn from pole to pole, at a distance of 100 leagues westward of the Azores, should serve as a boundary. All the countries to the east of this imaginary line, not in possession of a Christian prince, he gave to the Portuguese, and all westward of it to the Spaniards. On account of the dissatisfaction with the Pope's partition. the line was fixed 270 leagues farth
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), America, discoverers of. (search)
n Denys, of Honfleur, explored the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Two years later Thomas Aubert, a pilot of Dieppe, visited, it is believed, the island of Cape Breton, and gave it its name. He carried some of the natives with him to France. In 1518 the Baron de Leri, preparatory to the settlement of a colony on Sable Island, left some cattle there, whose progeny, four-score years afterwards. gave food to unfortunate persons left on the island by the Marquis de la Rochee. Six years later, Juan Ponce de Leon, an old Spanish nobleman, sailed from Porto Rico, in the West Indies, of which he was governor, in search of an island containing a fabled fountain of youth. He did not find the spring, but discovered a beautiful land covered with exquisite flowers, and named it Florida. In 1520 Lucas Vasquez de Allyou, a wealthy Spaniard, who owned mines in Santo Domingo, voyaged northwesterly from that island, and discovered the coast of South Carolina. Meanwhile the Spaniards had been pushing disco
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Braceti, or Brazito, battle of. (search)
attle of. Col. Alexander W. Doniphan, in command of 1,000 mounted volunteers from Missouri, was detached from General Kearny's command for independent service. In November, 1846, he marched towards Chihuahua, Mexico, after forcing the Navajo Indians to make a treaty of peace. His object was to join the forces under General Wool. At Braceti, or Brazito, in the valley of the Rio del Norte, not far from El Paso. he was attacked, in his camp, by a large Mexican force (Dec. 22) under Gen. Ponce de Leon, who sent a black flag, bearing the device of a skull and cross-bones, to the American commander, with the message, We will neither take nor give quarter. Doniphan was surprised, and his men had not time to saddle their horses before the foe — infantry, cavalry, and artillery — assailed them. Doniphan hastily drew up his men in front of his camp. The Mexicans fired three rounds in quick succession, and the Missourians all fell upon their faces. The Mexicans, supposing them all to b
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Garfield, James Abram 1831-1881 (search)
rit of chivalry; the enthusiasm and fanaticism of religion—all conspired to throw into America the hardiest and most daring spirits of Europe, and made the vast wilderness of the New World the theatre of the most stirring achievements that history has recorded. Early in the sixteenth century, Spain turning from the conquest of Granada and her triumph over the Moors, followed her golden dreams of the New World with the same spirit that in an earlier day animated her Crusaders. In 1528 Ponce de Leon began his search for the fountain of perpetual youth, the tradition of which he had learned among the natives of the West Indies. He discovered the low-lying coasts of Florida, and explored its interior. Instead of the fountain of youth, he found his grave among its everglades. A few years later De Soto, who had accompanied Pizarro in the conquest of Peru, landed in Florida with a gallant array of knights and nobles, and commenced his explorations through the western wilderness. In
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Spain, War with (search)
24 we passed off the Bay of Samana, whence Columbus, in January, 1493, took his departure for home. Had he sailed east, instead of northeast, on his return home, he would have found the large island of Porto Rico, which at that time was known among the Indians as the Island of Carib. The first clash of the coming contest was to be between the invaders and a dependency of Spain wherein Spain's authority had been maintained for 390 years (since the island was captured and subjugated by Ponce de Leon), and was yet unquestioned. Realizing the fact that our destination had undoubtedly become known to the enemy, the problem presented was one requiring most serious consideration. In fact, the following items appeared in the Washington papers and were doubtless cabled to Madrid and back to San Juan de Porto Rico as soon as published in the press of the United States. On July 22 this item was published: Miles on his way—Left with 3,000 men yesterday afternoon for Porto Rico.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), States, origin of the names of (search)
ifornia. He probably derived it from Esplanadian, a Spanish romance published in 1510, in which the name is given to an imaginary island on the right hand of the Indies, very near to the terrestrial paradise, abounding in great treasures of gold. Colorado (Spanish), red, or colored. Connecticut, from the Indian word, Quahna-ta-cut, country upon the long river. Delaware, in honor of Thomas West, Lord De la Warr, or Delaware, first governor of the Virginia colony. Florida, so named by Ponce de Leon because of the abundance of flowers there, or because of the day on which he discovered it—Easter or Palm Sunday (Pascua Florida), 1512. Georgia, in honor of George II. of England, in whose reign it was settled. Illinois, from the Indian word illini, men, and the French suffix ois, tribe of men. Indiana, from the word Indian. Iowa, the French rendering of an Indian word signifying the drowsy, or the sleepy ones. Kansas (Indian), smoky water. It is also said to signify good potato.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
publication to mention America......1509 Francisco Pizarro reaches Darien......1509 Alonso de Ojeda founds San Sebastian, the first colony in South America......1510 Diego Velasquez subjugates Cuba and founds Havana......1511 Juan Ponce de Leon discovers Florida......March 27, 1512 Vespucci dies at Seville, Spain, aged sixty-one years......1512 Vasco Nuñez Balboa, crossing the isthmus of Darien, discovers the Pacific and takes possession of it for the King of Spain, calling itenturer, born in Spain in 1465; died in Hispaniola in 1515. Accompanies Columbus on his second voyage. With Amerigo Vespucci he explored the northern coast of South America in 1499, and established a settlement at San Sebastian......1510 Ponce de Leon, Juan, Spanish soldier; born in 1460 (?); died in Cuba in 1521. The discoverer of Florida, March 27, 1512; landing at St. Augustine......April 2, 1512 Balboa, Vasco Nuñez, Spanish adventurer, born in Spain, 1475; executed at Darien on a c
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Florida, (search)
rait of Bimini, and separating the Gulf of Mexico from the Atlantic Ocean. Georgia and Alabama bound it on the north. Area, 59,268 square miles in forty-five counties. Population, 1890, 391,422; 1900, 528,542. Capital, Tallahassee. Juan Ponce de Leon, sailing from Porto Rico in search of new lands, discovers Florida, March 27; lands near St. Augustine, plants the cross, and takes possession in the name of the Spanish monarch......April 2, 1512 Diego Miruelo, a pilot, sails from Cuba with one vessel, touches at Florida, and obtains pieces of gold from the natives......1516 Spaniards, under Francis Hernandez de Cordova, land in Florida, but are driven off by the natives and return to Cuba......1517 Ponce de Leon, having returned to Porto Rico and obtained title and privileges of Adelantado of Florida, fits out two vessels and revisits Florida. Driven off by the natives, he soon after dies in Cuba......1521 Panfilo de Narvaez, commissioned to conquer and govern the ma
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Harvard Memorial Biographies, 1863. (search)
, 1864, his regiment was sent on an expedition to Florida, and participated in the battle of Olustee, where it covered the retreat of our defeated forces. Of this expedition he wrote under date of February 28th:— Just two weeks ago to-day we left South Carolina, and ceased, forever and a day, I trust, to be foolish islanders. We broke camp at daylight, . . . . and embarked at noon . . . . for the State of Florida. We had a delightful voyage, and I dreamed (by day) of De Soto and Ponce de Leon, and the romantic search for the fountain of youth. . . . . . We landed at Jacksonville, Monday, and bivouacked in town. . . . . Next morning we marched eight miles, to Camp Finnigan, and the day following marched eight miles back again. Good thing that, for it taught us to make our packs as light as possible. One's eyes are wonderfully opened by a march with knapsacks to the fact that man needs but little here below. Companies D and H were detailed for provost duty in town, and Ca
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