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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 19 1 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Charleston, S. C. (search)
at one embarkation; and only upon the promise of unconditional loyalty to the crown was British protection offered to citizens. In utter violation of the terms of surrender, a large number of the leading men of Charleston were taken from their beds (August) by armed men, and thrust on board filthy prison-ships, under the false accusation of being concerned in a conspiracy to burn the town and murder the loyal inhabitants. The evacuation of the city took place on Dec. 14, 1782. Gen. Alexander Leslie (q. v.) had levelled the fortifications around the city, and demolished Fort Johnson, on St. John's Island, near by, on the morning of the 13th. The American army slowly approached the city that day, and at dawn the next morning the British marched to Gadsden's wharf and embarked. An American detachment took formal possession of the town. At 3 P. M. General Greene escorted Governor Mathews and other civil officers to the town-hall, the troops greeted on their way by cheers from wi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Combs, Leslie 1794-1881 (search)
Combs, Leslie 1794-1881 Military officer; born in Kentucky in 1794. His father was an officer in the Revolution and a hunter. Leslie was the youngest of twelve children, and was distinguished for energy and bravery in the War of 1812-15. He commanded a company of scouts, and did admirable service for the salvation of Fort Meigs. When General Harrison was about to be closely besieged in Fort Meigs (May, 1813), he sent Capt. William Oliver to urge Gen. Clay Green (q. v.) to push forward rapidly with the Kentuckians he was then leading towards the Maumee Rapids. While Colonel Dudley, whom Clay had sent forward, was on his way down the Leslie Combs. Au Glaize River, Clay heard of the perilous condition of Fort Meigs, and resolved to send word to Harrison of his near approach. He called for a volunteer, when Leslie Combs—then nineteen years of age —promptly responded. When we reach Fort defiance, said Combs, if you will furnish me with a good canoe, I will carry your despatc
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Episcopacy in America. (search)
latical corruptions. Weaker ones engaged in the revolt halted, but others persisted. Cutler became rector of a new Episcopal church in Boston, and the dismissed ministers were maintained as missionaries by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. This secession from the Church resting on the Saybrook platform (q. v.), made the ministers of Massachusetts keen-eyed in the detection of signs of defection. John Checkly (afterwards ordained an Episcopal missionary) published Leslie's Short and easy method with Deists, with an appendix by himself, in which Episcopal ordination was insisted upon as necessary to constitute a Christian minister. The authorities in Boston were offended. Checkly was tried on a charge that the publication tended to bring into contempt and infamy the ministers of the holy Gospel established by law within his Majesty's province of Massachusetts. For this offence Checkly was found guilty and fined £50. See Protestant Episcopal Church
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Great Bridge, battle at the. (search)
th River by Lord Dunmore (November, 1775), Colonel Woodford called the militia to arms. Dunmore fortified a passage of the Elizabeth River, on the borders of the Dismal Swamp, where he suspected the militia would attempt to cross. It was known as the Great Bridge. There he cast up intrenchments, at the Norfolk end of the bridge, and amply supplied them with cannon. These were garrisoned by British regulars, Virginia Tories, negroes, and vagrants, in number about 600. Woodford constructed a small fortification at the opposite end of the bridge. On Saturday morning, Dec. 9, Captains Leslie and Fordyce, sent by Dunmore, attacked the Virginians. After considerable manoelig;uvring and skirmishing, a sharp battle ensued, lasting about twenty-five minutes, when the assailants were repulsed and fled, leaving two spiked field-pieces behind them. The loss of the assailants was fifty-five killed and wounded. Not a Virginian was killed, and only one man was slightly wounded in the battle.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Guilford, battle of. (search)
valry on the right wing, and Lee's legion, with Campbell's militia, on the left wing. The whole were commanded by Greene in person. The British appeared in front of the Americans at a little past noon in full force, the right commanded by General Leslie, and the left by Colonel Webster. Under cover of a severe cannonade the British advanced, delivering a volley of musketry as they approached, and then, with a shout, rushed forward with fixed bayonets. The American militia fled after the fihe second line, composed of Virginia militia under Generals Stevens and Lawson. After a stout resistance they, too, fell back upon the third line. Up to this time the battle had been carried on, on the part of the British, by their right, under Leslie. Now Webster, with the left, pressed forward with the right division in the face of a terrible storm of grape-shot and musketry. Nearly the whole of the two armies were now in conflict. The battle lasted almost two hours, when Greene, ignoran
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Harlem Plains, action at. (search)
Harlem Plains, action at. On the morning of Sept. 16, 1776, the British advanced guard, under Colonel Leslie, occupied the rocky heights now at the northern end of the Central Park. His force was composed of British infantry and Highlanders, with several pieces of artillery. Descending to Harlem Plains, they Battle-field of Harlem Plains, 1845, from the old Block-House. were met by some Virginians under Major Leitch, and Connecticut Rangers under Colonel Knowlton. A desperate conflict ensued. Washington soon reinforced the Americans with some Maryland and New England troops, with whom Generals Putnam, Greene, and others took part to encourage the men. The British were pushed back to the rocky heights, where they were reinforced by Germans, when the Americans fell back towards Harlem Heights. In this spirited engagement the Americans lost about sixty men, including Major Leitch and Colonel Knowlton, who were killed.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Leslie, Alexander 1740-1794 (search)
Leslie, Alexander 1740-1794 Military officer; born in England about 1740; came to Boston with General Howe in 1775; was made a major in June, 1759; a lieutenantcolonel in 1762; and was a brigadiergeneral when he came to America. In the battle of Long Island, in 1776, he commanded the light infantry, and was in the battle of Harlem Plains in September, and of White Plains in October following. General Leslie accompanied Sir Henry Clinton against Charleston in April and May, 1780. In October he took possession of Portsmouth, Va., with 3,000 troops, but soon hastened to join Cornwallis in the Carolinas, which he did in December. In the battle of Guilfnd May, 1780. In October he took possession of Portsmouth, Va., with 3,000 troops, but soon hastened to join Cornwallis in the Carolinas, which he did in December. In the battle of Guilford, he commanded the right wing. General Leslie was in command at Charleston at the close of hostilities. He died in England, Dec. 27, 1794.