s in camp two miles from us. The Seventh Ohio Infantry is now at Clarksburg, and will, I think, move in this direction to-morrow.
Provisions outside of camp are very scarce.
I took breakfast with a farmer this morning, and can say truly that I have eaten much better meals in my life.
We had coffee without sugar, short-cake without butter, and a little salt pork, exceedingly fat. I asked him what the charge was, and he said Ninepence, which means one shilling. I rejoiced his old soul by giving him two shillings.
The country people here have been grossly deceived by their political leaders.
They have been made to believe that Lincoln was elected for the sole purpose of liberating the negro; that our army is marching into Virginia to free their slaves, destroy their property, and murder their families; that we, not they, have set the Constitution and laws at defiance, and that in resisting us they are simply defending their homes and fighting for their constitutional rights.
iter, discovered the enemy, and a small fight ensued.
It is said the enemy came within six miles of Murfreesboro yesterday, and attacked a forage train.
The weather has been somewhat undecided, and far from agreeable.
A lot of rebel papers, dated January 31st, have been brought in. They contain many extracts clipped from the Northern Democratic press, and the Southern soul is jubilant over the fact that a large party in Ohio and Indiana denounce President Lincoln.
The rebels infer from this that the war must end soon, and the independence of the Southern States be acknowledged.
Our friends at home should not give aid and comfort to the enemy.
They may excite hopes which, in time, they will themselves be compelled to help crush.
Few of the men who started home when I did have returned.
The General is becoming excited on the subject of absentees.
From General Thomas' corps alone there are sixteen thousand men absent, sick,
rs have yet come to move.
Mrs. Colonel B. F. Scribner sent me a very handsome bouquet with her compliments.
Mr. Furay accompanied Vallandigham outside the Federal lines, and received from him a parting declaration, written in pencil and signed by himself, wherein he claimed that he was a citizen of Ohio and of the United States, brought there by force and against his will, and that he delivered himself up as a prisoner of war.
Captain Gilbert E. Winters, A. C. S., took tea with me. He is as jovial as the most successful man in the world, and overruns with small jokes and stories, many of which he claims were told him by President Lincoln.
From this we might infer that the President has very little to do but entertain and amuse gentlemen, who apply to him for appointments, with conversation so coarse that it would be discreditable to a stable boy.
Received a letter from daughter Nellie, a little school girl.
She wishes the war was out.
So do I.
ildren, or listening to his wife as she sang him a ballad, was a picture the soft lights of which were in effective and pleasing contrast with the Rembrandt shadows of the dark wood and the rude warriors that lay there.
General Stuart had married a daughter to Colonel Philip St George Cooke, of the U. S. Dragoons, a Virginian by birth, and West-Pointer by military education, who had remained in the Federal service, and was now making war upon his native State as a brigadier-general of President Lincoln's appointment.
On several occasions, during the campaigns in Virginia, General Stuart came very near making a prisoner of his father-in-law; and I believe it would have given him greater satisfaction to send General Cooke under escort to Richmond than to capture the mighty McClellan himself.
The military family of General Stuart consisted of fourteen or fifteen high-spirited young fellows, boon companions in the bivouac, and excellent soldiers in the fight, of whom, alas!
feet, the car, secured by ropes, filled with officers, who, with all kinds of glasses, were looking out narrowly in the direction of Harper's Ferry.
I was not mistaken in my conjectures.
As I afterwards learned, no less a dignitary than President Lincoln was momentarily looked for. Escorted by General McClellan, the President had already inspected a great portion of the Federal army of the Potomac; and as this was to be kept a secret, my visit was necessarily to be a short one.
During tonducted me all around the country, but I have always known where I was, and I have passed three divisions of your army; moreover, an important personage is every moment expected at General Porter's tent, and this personage is no other than President Lincoln.
My courteous adversary laughed heartily at this, and said, Well, I did not believe that in any other nation of the world there was a man who could fool a Yankee; you have shown me the contrary, and I accept the lesson.
We then shook han
m all dangers and hardships.
In another way he endeared himself to us more than any other field-officer of our regiment.
He always seemed to me to be more in earnest and devoted to the cause for which we are fighting, and in which I believe we shall be successful, than any of the other field-officers.
We had some rather lively discussions around headquarters sometimes in regard to the policy of the Government towards the rebellious States, and I know that he was an ardent supporter of Mr. Lincoln's administration, and believed that the war should be prosecuted without dallying with the enemy.
It is a matter of simple justice to state that no truer and braver soldier has thus far in the war been sacrificed on the altar of liberty, nor has a purer patriot drawn his sword in defence of his country.
Though his family and friends and all who knew him will mourn that he has been thus cut down in the prime of his manhood and usefulness, yet there is a sad pleasure in knowing that he
e negroes of the South raising supplies for the rebel armies, building their fortifications, acting as servants for officers, and in contributing in various ways, directly and indirectly, to strengthening the backbone of the Confederacy.
They wish to see the Government compel the negroes to continue forging the chains intended to keep them bound in slavery for ever.
Even some of our officers and soldiers seem to think that nothing but evil can come out of these measures, and denounce President Lincoln for inaugurating them.
They understand very little about how difficult it is to resist the progressive spirit of our time, and would ignore the fact that the war has forced the Government to adopt certain measures which it was not desirous of adopting at the beginning.
They like to repeat with some emphasis that they did not enter the service of the Government for the purpose of abolishing slavery, but for the purpose of saving the Union.
And this general statement now being made b
unging the country into a war in which they could not reasonably hope to be successful, unless they went into it on the hypothesis that one southern man could whip five Yankees, as I heard a man say in Texas, about the time of the election of Mr. Lincoln.
By reason of their own narrowness, the southern people have not allowed themselves to become acquainted with the strength and resources of the North.
A newspaper like the New York Tribune, that discusses the affairs of the whole country frermies have.
It is now generally thought that Kansas will not be obliged to draft any men, under any former calls of the President, as she has already furnished very nearly her quota.
Her citizens have responded to the several calls of President Lincoln with a patriotic promptness that challenges the admiration of the country.
But to fill her quota under the present call for four hundred and fifty thousand men, may possibly require the enforcement of the draft before many months shall hav
estroy Quantrell's force immediately, which is now perhaps an impossibility, the people of this State will petition President Lincoln to remove him from the command of this department.
When the present excitement wears off a different feeling may p clamoring for a new department, to embrace Kansas and the Indian country.
Senator Lane will probably prevail upon President Lincoln, to direct the Secretary of War to issue the necessary orders at an early day. As soon as its limits shall have beesition where it is almost impossible to satisfy all factions and parties.
He has received direct instructions from President Lincoln to favor no one faction of the Missouri Unionists more than the other.
Mr. Lincoln has not only recognized the loyMr. Lincoln has not only recognized the loyal element in Missouri, but he has done it to the extent of selecting one of his Cabinet officers from that State.
He seems to have watched over the State from the beginning of the war with special interest, for which her loyal people will ever fee
ly after the enemy opened fire, he could probably have resisted the attack.
He may, however, have been pressed too closely to have had time to corral his wagons.
Nearly all the members of the band were shot through the head, the band wagon set on fire, and their bodies burned in it. Their scorched and charred remains presented a horrible sight.
Nearly all the band were Germans, and several of the ruffians are reported to have exclaimed: This shall be the fate of the lopped-eared Dutch of Lincoln's hirelings Major Curtis' horse was shot under him, and he was shot and killed after having become dismounted.
The bodies of Major Curtis, Lieutenant Farr, General Blunt's Judge Advocate, and two soldiers, will arrive here on the 8th, to be sent north.
The losses of the enemy in the engagements with Lieutenant Pond and General Blunt, are estimated at about thirteen killed. About a dozen of their men have been found on the field, and they are known to have carried away some of their ki