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y the appearance of the famous Proclamation, wherein the President's stern resolve to crush Nullification as Treason was fully manifested. And, though this document received its final fashion and polish from the pen of the able and eminent Edward Livingston, who then worthily filled the post of Secretary of State, it is abundantly established See Parton's Life of Jackson, pp. 455-6. that the original draft was the President's own, and that he insisted throughout on expressing and enforcing his own sentiments and convictions. The language may in part be Livingston's; the positions and the principles are wholly Jackson's; and their condemnation of the Calhoun or South Carolina theory of the nature, genius, and limitations of our Federal pact, are as decided and sweeping as any ever propounded by Hamilton, by Marshall, or by Webster himself. After reciting the purport and effect of the South Carolina Ordinance, General Jackson proceeds: The Ordinance is founded, not on the in
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Burr, Aaron, 1716- (search)
ulties with Spain. It was believed, too (for so Burr had continually hinted), that such a scheme was secretly favored by the government. Under this impression Burr's project received the countenance of several leading men in the Western country. One of the first things which Burr did after his arrival in Kentucky was to purchase an interest in a claim to a large tract of land on the Washita River, under a Spanish grant to the Baron de Bastrop. The negotiation was carried on through Edward Livingston at New Orleans. The avowal of an intention to settle on these lands might cover up a far different design. Blennerhassett now joined Burr actively in his enterprise. Together they built, with the money of the former, fifteen boats on the Muskingum River; and negotiations were set on foot with an Ohio senator to furnish supplies for an army in the West and the purchase of two gunboats he was building for the government. A mercantile house at Marietta, in which Blennerhassett had bee
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cabinet, President's (search)
act of Congress, to this department. The following is a list of all members of Presidential cabinets since the organization of the federal government: Secretaries of State. Name.Appointed. Thomas JeffersonSept.26,1789 Edmund RandolphJan.2,1794 Timothy Pickering Dec.10,1795 John MarshallMay13,1800 James Madison March 5, 1801 Robert Smith March 6, 1809 James Monroe April 2, 1811 John Quincy Adams March 5, 1817 Henry Clay March 7, 1825 Martin Van Buren March 6, 1929 Edward Livingston May 24, 1831 Louis McLane May 29, 1833 John Forsyth June 27, 1834 Daniel Webster March 5, 1841 Hugh S. Legare May 9, 1843 Abel P. Upshur July 24, 1843 John C. Calhoun March 6, 1844 James Buchanan March 6, 1845 John M. Clayton March 7, 1849 Daniel Webster July 22, 1850 Edward Everett Nov. 6, 1852 William L. Marcy March 7, 1853 Lewis CassMarch 6, 1857 Jeremiah S. Black Dec. 17, 1860 William H. Seward .March 5, 1861 Elihu B. Washburne March 5, 1869 Hamilton Fish Mar
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chambly, Fort, capture of (search)
ambly, Fort, capture of In 1775 it was supposed by General Carleton that the fort at Chambly, 12 miles below St. John, at the rapids of the Sorel, the outlet of Lake Champlain, could not be reached by the republicans so long as the British held the post above and kept only a feeble garrison there. Fort Chambly.Informed of this by Canadian scouts, Montgomery, besieging St. John, sent Colonel Bedel, of New Hampshire, with troops to capture the post. He was assisted by Majors Brown and Livingston. The attack was planned by Canadians familiar with the place. Artillery was placed in bateaux, and, during a dark night, was conveyed past the fort at St. John to the head of Chambly Rapids, where the guns were mounted and taken to the place of attack. The garrison surrendered after making slight resistance. The spoils were a large quantity of provisions and military stores; also the colors of the 7th Regiment of British regulars, which were sent to the Continental Congress, and were t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Constitution of the United States (search)
States present, the seventeenth day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, and of the Independence of the United States of America the twelfth. In witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names. Ga: Washington, Presidt. and Deputy from Virginia. New Hampshire. John Langdon, Nicholas Gilman. Massachusetts. Nathaniel Gorham, Rufus King. Connecticut. Wm. Saml. Johnson, Roger Sherman. New York. Alexander Hamilton. New Jersey. Wil: Livingston, David Brearley, Wm. Paterson, Jona: Dayton. Pennsylvania. B. Franklin, Thomas Mifflin, Robt. Morris, Geo. Clymer, Thomas Fitzsimons, Jared Ingersoll, James Wilson, Gouv. Morris. Delaware. Geo: Read, Jaco: Broom, John Dickinson, Richard Bassett, Gunning Bedford, Jun. Maryland. James Mchenry, Danl. Carroll, Dan of St. Thos. Jenifer. Virginia. John Blair, James Madison, Jr. North Carolina. Wm. Blount, Hugh Williamson, Richd. Dobbs Spaight. South Carolina. J. Rutledge, Charle
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Jay, John 1817-1894 (search)
ned in effigy in many places, and longings for the guillotine were freely expressed in public assemblies. When the President had proclaimed the treaty as the law of the land, he, according to promise, sent a copy of it, March 2, 1796, to the House. Its appearance was the beginning of a violent debate in that body, which turned upon the question whether the House possessed discretionary power to carry the treaty into execution or not at its pleasure. The debate arose on a motion of Edward Livingston, of New York, calling upon the President for his instructions to Jay and other papers relating to the treaty. After about thirty speeches, in a debate of three weeks, which grew warmer and warmer the longer it lasted, the resolution was adopted, March 24, by a vote of 62 to 37. The President consulted his cabinet, and they unanimously decided that the House had no right to make such a call, as they were not a part of the treaty-making power. They also decided that it was not expedie
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Livingston, Edward 1764- (search)
Livingston, Edward 1764- Statesman; born in Clermont, Columbia co., N. Y., May 26, 1764; graduated at Princeton in 1781; and began the practice of law in New York City in 1785. He soon acquired a high reputation as an advocate. A Republican inattorney for New York in 1801, and the same year he was chosen mayor of the city. Through the misconduct of a clerk, Mr. Livingston became a public defaulter. He went to New Orleans, had great professional success, and paid every dollar he owed the government. Livingston prepared a code of judicial procedure for Louisiana, which gained for him great fame at home and abroad. In the battle of New Orleans he acted as aide to General Jackson. He represented Louisiana in Congress from 1823 to 1 of Montgomery place, at Rhinebeck, built by his sister, Mrs. General Montgomery. He was the youngest brother of Chancellor Livingston. Capital punishment. The following is the text of his memorable plea for the abolition of capital punishm
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Livingston, Henry Beekman 1750-1831 (search)
Livingston, Henry Beekman 1750-1831 Military officer; born in Clermont, N. Y., Nov. 9, 1750; was a brother of Chancellor and Edward Livingston. In 1775 he raised a company, with which he accompanied his brother-in-law, General Montgomery, to Canada, where he performed excellent service, and was voted a sword by Congress for his skill and bravery at Chambly. He was with Montgomery at the siege of Quebec. In 1776 he was aide to General Schuyler, and late in that year he was promoted to colohambly. He was with Montgomery at the siege of Quebec. In 1776 he was aide to General Schuyler, and late in that year he was promoted to colonel. He was with Sullivan in Rhode Island, and was in the battle of Quaker Hill. He resigned in 1779. After the war he became attorney-general, judge, and chief-justice of the State of New York. Colonel Livingston was a general in the War of 1812, and was president of the New York Society of the Cincinnati. He died in Rhinebeck, N. Y., Nov. 5, 1831.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Louisiana, (search)
to 1892 Murphy J. Foster 1892 to 1900 William W. Heard1900 to — United States Senators. Name.No. of Congress. Term. Thomas Posey 12th 1812 James Brown12th to 14th 1813 to 1817 Allan B. Magruder12th 1812 Eligins Fromentin13th to 15th1813 to 1819 Henry Johnson15th to 18th 1818 to 1824 James Brown16th to 18th 1819 to 1823 Dominique Bouligny18th to 20th 1824 to 1829 United States Senators-continued. Name.No. of CongressTerm. Josiah S. Johnston18th to 23d 1824 to 1833 Edward Livingston 21st to 22d 1829 to 1831 George A. Waggaman 22d1832 Alexander Porter 23d to 24th1834 to 1837 Alexander Mouton 24th to 27th 1837 to 1842 Robert C. Nicholas 24th to 26th 1836 to 1841 Charles M. Conrad 27th 1842 to 1843 Alexander Barrow 27th to 29th 1841 to 1846 Alexander Porter 28th 1843 to 1844 Henry Johnson 28th to 30th 1844 to 1849 Pierre Soule 29th 1847 Solomon W. Downs 30th to 32d 1847 to 1853 Pierre Soule 31st to 32d 1849 to 1853 Judah P. Benjamin 33d to 36th 1853 to
C. Edwards Lester, Life and public services of Charles Sumner: Born Jan. 6, 1811. Died March 11, 1874., Section Eighth: the war of the Rebellion. (search)
to engage your invaluable services to our country, I have communicated my wishes to the Governor of Louisiana, who is fully informed as to the manner of enrolment, and will give you every necessary information on the subject of this address. Andrew Jackson, Major-General commanding.Niles's Register, vol. VII., p. 205. XLVII. At the close of a review of the white and colored troops in New Orleans, on Sunday, December 18, 1814, General Jackson's address to the troops was read by Edward Livingston, one of his aids, and the following is the portion addressed:— To the men of color. Soldiers! From the shores of Mobile I collected you to arms,—I invited you to share in the perils, and to divide the glory of your white countrymen. I expected much from you; for I was not uninformed of those qualities which must render you so formidable to an invading foe. I knew that you could endure hunger and thirst, and all the hardships of war. I knew that you loved the land of your nativ
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