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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Declaration of Independence. (search)
ther our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor. Signed by order and in behalf of the Congress. John Hancock, President. Attested, Charles Thompson, Secretary. New Hampshire. Josiah Bartlett, William Whipple, Matthew Thornton. Massachusetts Bay. Samuel Adams, John Adams, Robert Treat Paine, Elbridge Gerry. Rhode Island, Etc. Stephen Hopkins, William Ellery. Connecticut. Roger Sherman, Samuel Huntington, William Williams, Oliver Wolcott. New York. William Floyd, Philip Livingston, Francis Lewis, Lewis Morris. New Jersey. Richard Stockton, John Witherspoon, Francis Hopkinson, John Hart, Abraham Clark. North Carolina. William Hooper, Joseph Hewes, John Penn. Georgia. Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, George Walton. Pennsylvania. Robert Morris, Benjamin Rush, Benjamiin Franklin, John Morton, George Clymer, James Smith, George Taylor, William Paca, George Ross. Delaware. Caesar Rodney, George Read, Thomas McKean. Maryland. Samuel Chase, James
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Declaration of Independence in the light of modern criticism, the. (search)
e wrote, and these he perfectly incorporated with what was already in his mind, and then to the music of his own keen, rich, passionate, and enkindling style, he mustered them into that stately triumphant procession wherein, as some of us still think, they will go marching on to the world's end. There were then in Congress several other men who could have written the Declaration of Independence, and written it well—notably Franklin, either of the two Adamses, Richard Henry Lee, William Livingston, and, best of all, but for his own opposition to the measure, John Dickinson; but had any one of these other men written the Declaration of Independence, while it would have contained, doubtless, nearly the same topics and nearly the same great formulas of political statement, it would yet have been a wholly dif. ferent composition from this of Jefferson's. No one at all familiar with his other writings, as well as with the writings of his chief contemporaries, could ever have a moment's d
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Democracy in New Netherland. (search)
penalties of the laws of England for such offence. Bayard was arrested on a charge of treason, tried, convicted, and received the horrid sentence then imposed by the English law upon traitors—to be hanged, quartered, etc. Bayard applied for a reprieve until his Majesty's pleasure should be known. It was granted, and in the mean time Cornbury arrived, when all was reversed. Bayard was released and reinstated. The democrats were placed under the lash of the aristocrats, which Bayard and Livingston used without mercy by the hand of the wretched ruler to whom they offered libations of flattery. The chiefjustice who tried Bayard, and the advocate who opposed him, were compelled to fly to England. From that time onward there was a continuous conflict by the democracy of New York with the aristocracy as represented by the royal governors and their official parasites. It fought bravely, and won many victories, the greatest of which was in a fierce battle for the freedom of the press, i
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Depew, Chauncey Mitchell, 1834- (search)
owards the usurpation which lost the American colonies to the British Empire. Within these walls the Congress of the Confederation had commissioned its ambassadors abroad, and in ineffectual efforts at government had created the necessity for the concentration of federal authority, now to be consummated. The first Congress of the United States gathered in this ancient temple of liberty, greeted Washington, and accompanied him to the balcony. The famous men visible about him were Chancellor Livingston, Vice-President John Adams, Alexander Hamilton, Governor Clinton, Roger Sherman, Richard Henry Lee, General Knox, and Baron Steuben. But we believe that among the invisible host above him, at this supreme moment of the culmination in permanent triumph of the thousands of years of struggle for self-government, were the spirits of the soldiers of the Revolution who had died that their country might enjoy this blessed day, and with them were the barons of Runnymede, and William the Sil
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), De Zeng, Frederick Augustus, Baron, 1756-1838 (search)
De Zeng, Frederick Augustus, Baron, 1756-1838 military officer; born in Dresden, Saxony, in 1756; came to America in 1780 as captain in one of the Hessian regiments; and at the end of the Revolutionary War married an American lady and settled in Red Hook, N. Y. He was naturalized in 1789, and became intimate with Chancellor Livingston, Governor Clinton, General Schuyler, and others, and was greatly interested in the opening of canals and in the navigation of the interior waters and lakes. He died in Clyde, N. Y., April 26, 1838.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Livingston, Philip 1716- (search)
Livingston, Philip 1716- Signer of the Declaration of Independence; born in Albany, N. Y., Jan. 15, 1716; graduated at Yale College in 1737; became a prominent merchant in the city of New York; was an alderman there from 1754 to 1758; and a member of the Provincial Assembly in 1759, in which he was one of the committee of correspondence with the colonial agent in England, Edmund Burke. Livingston opposed the taxation schemes of Parliament, and was unseated by a Tory majority in 1769, when the controversy between Great Britain and her colonies ran high. He was a member of the first Congress (1774), and held a seat in that body until his death, when their session was held at York, the British having possession of Philadelphia. Mr. Livingston was associated with Lee and Jay in the preparation of the two state papers put forth by the first Congress, and was very active on the most important committees in Congress. He founded the professorship of divinity at Yale College in 17
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mount Vernon Ladies' Association. (search)
Mount Vernon Ladies' Association. The Washington estate at Mount Vernon, Virginia, is under the care and direction of the Mount Vernon Ladies' Association of the Union. The founder of the association, in 1854, was Miss Ann Pamela Cunningham, of South Carolina. She was the first regent, and was succeeded in 1873 by Mrs. Macalester Laughton, and in 1891 by Mrs. Justine Van Rensselaer Townsend, of New York (a great-granddaughter of Gen. Philip Schuyler, and great-greatgranddaughter of Philip Livingston, the signer of the Declaration of Independence). There are vice-regents for the separate States.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York, State of (search)
dopted April 20, 1777. Under it a State government was established by an ordinance passed in May, and the first session of the legislature was held in July. Meanwhile, elections were held in all the counties excepting New York, Kings, Queens, and Suffolk, then held by the British troops. Brig.-Gen. George Clinton was elected governor, and Pierre Van Cortlandt, president of the Senate, became lieutenant-governor. John Jay was made chiefjustice, Robert R. Livingston, chancellor, and Philip Livingston, James Duane, Francis Lewis, and Gouverneur Morris, delegates to the Continental Congress. By the provisions of the constitution, the governor was to be elected by the people for the term of three years, the legislative department, vested in a Senate and Assembly, deriving their powers from the The Constitution House, Kingston. same source; all inferior offices to be filled by the governor and a council of four senators, one from each district; and to a council of revision, similarl
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stamp act Congress, the (search)
Stamp act Congress, the Assembled in New York on Oct. 7, 1765, to consider Grenville's obnoxious scheme of taxation. It was organized by the choice of Timothy Ruggles, of Massachusetts, chairman, and John Cotten, clerk. The following representatives presented their credentials: Massachusetts—James Otis, Oliver Partridge, Timothy Ruggles. New York—Robert R. Livingston, John Cruger, Philip Livingston, William Bayard, Leonard Lispenard. New Jersey—Robert Ogden, Hendrick Fisher, Joseph Borden. Rhode Island—Metcalf Bowler, Henry Ward. Pennsylvania—John Dickinson, John Morton, George Bryan. Delaware— Thomas McKean, Caesar Rodney, Connecticut—Eliphalet Dyer, David Rowland, William S. Johnson. Maryland—William Murdock, Edward Tilghman, Thomas Ringgold. South Carolina—Thomas Lynch, Christopher Gadsden, John Rutledge. The Congress continued in session fourteen consecutive days, and adopted a Declaration of rights, written by John Cruger, a Petition to the King, written
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
gned. 1. Maj. John SullivanNew HampshireJuly 21, 1774 2. Col. Nathaniel Folsom 3. Hon. Thomas CushingMassachusetts Bay.June 17, 1774 4. John Adams 5. Samuel Adams 6. Robert Treat Paine 7. Hon. Stephen HopkinsRhode Island and Providence PlantationsAug. 10, 1774 8. Hon. Samuel Ward 9. Hon. Eliphalet DyerConnecticutJuly 13, 1774 10. Hon. Roger Sherman 11. Silas Deane 12. James DuaneCity and county of New York, and other counties in province of New York.July 28, 1774 13. Philip Livingston 14. John Jay 15. Isaac Low 16. John Alsop 17. John Herring 18. Simon Boerum 19. Henry Wisuer 20. Col. William FloydCounty of Suffolk in province of New York.July 28, 1774 Delegates to the first Continental Congress—Continued. Delegates.State Represented.Credentials Signed. 21. James KinseyNew JerseyJuly 23, 1774 22. John De Hart 23. Richard Smith 24. William Livingston 25. Stephen Crane 26. Hon. Joseph GallowayPennsylvaniaJuly 22, 1774 27. Samuel Rhodes
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