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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 1 1 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), De long, George Washington, 1844- (search)
De long, George Washington, 1844- Explorer; born in New York City, Aug. 22, 1844; graduated at the United States Naval Academy in 1865, and promoted ensign in 1866; master in 1868; lieutenant in 1869; and lieutenant-commander, Nov. 1, 1879. He was with Capt. Daniel L. Braine on the Juniata, when he was ordered, in 1873, to search for the missing Arctic steamer Polaris and her crew. On July 8, 1879, he was given command of the Jeannette, which had been fitted out by James Gordon Bennett, Jr. (q. v.), for a three years exploration trip via Bering Strait. By an act of Congress the vessel was placed under the authority of the government. After touching at Ounalaska, St. Michael's and St. Lawrence Bay, the Jeannette sailed to Cape Serdze Kamen, Siberia, in search of Professor Nordenskjold, the Swedish explorer. Sailing northward the vessel was caught in the pack-ice, Sept. 5, 1879, off Herald Island, and, after drifting 600 miles to the northwest in a devious course, was crushed