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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 20 0 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for James O. Lyford or search for James O. Lyford in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New Plymouth. (search)
ion against the colony and solemn compaction or conversing with the devil. Trial by jury was introduced, but punishments for minor offences remained discretionary. For eighteen years all laws were enacted in a general assembly of all the colonists. The governor, who was simply Old colony seal. president of a council, was chosen annually. There were finally seven councillors, called assistants; and so little was public office coveted that it was necessary to inflict a fine upon such as, being chosen, declined to serve as governor or assistant. The constitution of the church was equally democratic. For the first eight years there was no pastor. Lyford, a minister, was sent over by the London partners to be a pastor; but they refused, and expelled him. Brewster and others were exhorters; and on Sunday afternoons a question was propounded, to which all present might speak. No minister stayed long at Plymouth after they adopted the plan of having a pastor. See Brewster, William.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Oldham, John 1600- (search)
emselves of this stigma, they sent a minister named Lyford to be pastor. He was kindly received, and, with Jornor with his council. It was soon discovered that Lyford and Oldham were plotting treason against the Church and State. Several letters written by Lyford to the London partners, breathing sedition, were discovered by oad. The governor kept quiet for a while, but when Lyford set up a separate congregation, with a few of the cdenied the accusation, when they were confronted by Lyford's letters, in which he defamed the settlers, advisezed church. A third conspirator had written that Lyford and Oldham intended a reformation in church and coilty, he attempted to excite a mutiny on the spot. Lyford burst into tears and confessed that he feared he warobate. Both were ordered to leave the colony, but Lyford, humbly begging to stay, asking forgiveness and prodherents, and engaged in traffic with the Indians. Lyford was soon detected again in seditious work and expel