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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 5 1 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lynch, William Francis 1801-1865 (search)
Lynch, William Francis 1801-1865 Naval officer; born in Norfolk, Va., in April, 1801; entered the navy as midshipman in 1819. In 1847 he was sent on an expedition, proposed by himself, to explore the course of the River Jordan and the coasts of the Dead Sea. He entered upon these duties in the spring of 1848, and completed them with great success. He ascertained the Dead Sea to be 1,312 feet lower than the Mediterranean Sea. He joined the Confederates in 1861, and was made a commander in the navy, in which he served throughout the Civil War. He died in Baltimore, Md., Oct. 17, 1865.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lynch law, (search)
Lynch law, The name given to the summary operations of a mob, or a few private individuals, independently of the legal authorities. It is said to derive its name from John Lynch, a farmer, who exercised it upon the fugitive slaves and criminals dwelling in the Dismal Swamp, N. C., when they committed outrages upon persons and property which the colonial law could not promptly redress.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Roanoke Island (search)
et, and its chief object was the capture of Roanoke Island, which the Confederates had strongly fortified with batteries which commanded the sounds on each side of it. There was also a fortified camp that extended across a narrow part of the island. These fortifications were garrisoned by North Carolina troops under Col. H. M. Shaw, and mounted forty guns. Above the island, in Croatan Sound, was a Confederate flotilla of small gunboats, Bombardment of Roanoke Island. commanded by Lieut. W. F. Lynch, formerly of the United States navy. Goldsborough drew up his fleet in Croatan Sound and opened a bombardment (Feb. 7) upon the works on the island. Four of his transports, one gunboat, and a floating battery had been smitten by a storm off Hatteras before entering the still waters of the inlet and wrecked. Goldsborough had moved his gunboats towards the island to open fire in columns, the first being led by the Stars and Stripes, Lieut. Reed Werden; the second by the Louisiana, C