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we are at liberty to believe in opposition to a decision of the Supreme Court. Even the executive and legislative departments deny its authority to bind them. The Supreme Court decided that the Alien and Sedition Law was constitutional, and Matthew Lyon was imprisoned under it. The President, Mr. Jefferson, decided that it was not, and pardoned Mr. Lyon. The Supreme Court decided that Congress could constitutionally charter a Bank of the United States, and that the propriety and necessity ofMr. Lyon. The Supreme Court decided that Congress could constitutionally charter a Bank of the United States, and that the propriety and necessity of doing so were to be judged by Congress. The President, Gen. Jackson, decided that such an act was unconstitutional, and vetoed it. With these examples before me, I feel authorized to express the opinion which I entertain, that the Fugitive Slave Act is unconstitutional, because Congress has no power to legislate upon the subject. With regard to the denial by this act of all semblance of a jury trial to persons claimed under it as fugitive slaves, Mr. Van Buren was equally decided and forci
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lyon, Matthew 1746- (search)
Lyon, Matthew 1746- Legislator; born in County Wicklow, Ireland, in 1746: emigrated to America at the age of thirteen, and was assigned to a Connecticut farmer for a sum of money to pay for his passage. Subsequently he settled in Vermont and became lieutenant in a company of Green Mountain boys, in 1775, but was cashiered for deserting his post. He served in the Northern Army awhile afterwards, and held the rank of colonel while serving as commissary-general of militia. In 1778 he was deputy secretary to the governor of Vermont; and after the war he built saw-mills and grist-mills, a forge, and a mill for manufacturing paper, where he had founded the town of Fairhaven, in Rutland county. Lyon served in the State legislature, and was a judge of Rutland county in 1786. He established the Freeman's Library (newspaper), which he conducted with ability. From 1797 to 1801 he was a member of Congress, and gave the vote which made Jefferson President of the United States. For a li
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Trials. (search)
on act of libel on the administration of President Adams in Reading Advertiser of Oct. 26, 1799, imprisonment for six months and $400 fine......1799 Duane, Reynolds, Moore, and Cumming acquitted of seditious riot, Pennsylvania......1799 Matthew Lyon convicted in Vermont, October, 1798, of writing for publication a letter calculated to stir up sedition and to bring the President and the government into contempt ; confined four months in Vergennes jail; fine of $1,000 paid by friends, and LLyon released......Feb. 9, 1799 J. T. Callender, for libel of President Adams in a pamphlet, The Prospect before us; tried at Richmond, Va., fined $200 and sentenced to nine months imprisonment......June 6, 1800 Thomas Daniel, for opening letters of a foreign minister......1800 Judge John Pickering impeached before the United States Senate, March 3, 1803, for malfeasance in the New Hampshire district court in October and November, 1802, in restoring ship Eliza, seized for smuggling, to i
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
or defence, but not one cent for tribute. ] Second session assembles at Philadelphia, Pa.......Nov. 13, 1797 First personal encounter in Congress between Matthew Lyon, of Vermont, and Roger Griswold, of Connecticut; the House fails to censure or punish......Feb. 12-15, 1798 Mississippi Territory organized......April 3, 17es allow a free passage through their lands in Tennessee to all travellers on the road to Kentucky passing through Cumberland Gap......Oct. 2, 1798 Trial of Matthew Lyon, of Vermont, before Judge Patterson, under the sedition law......Oct. 7, 1798 Third session assembles at Philadelphia, Pa.......Dec. 3, 1798 United Stateug. 6, 1861 Gen. U. S. Grant assumes command of the District of Ironton, Mo......Aug. 8, 1861 Battle of Springfield, or Wilson's Creek, Mo., and death of General Lyon......Aug. 10, 1861 Kentucky and Tennessee constituted the Department of the Cumberland, under command of Gen. Robert Anderson......Aug. 15, 1861 Presiden