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Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 2 32 0 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 18 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fremont, John Charles 1813-1890 (search)
ied out the law of this country, where all animated nature seems at war, and, seizing him immediately, put him in at least a fit place,—in the leaves of a large book, among the flowers we had collected on our way. The barometer stood at 18.293, the attached thermometer at 44°, giving for the elevation of this summit 13,570 feet above the Gulf of Mexico, which may be called the highest flight of the bee. It is certainly the highest known flight of that insect. From the description given by Mackenzie of the mountains where he crossed them with that of a French officer still farther to the north and Colonel Long's measurements to the south, joined to the opinion of the oldest traders of the country, it is presumed that this is the highest peak of the Rocky Mountains. The day was sunny and bright, but a slight shining mist hung over the lower plains, which interfered with our view of the surrounding country. On one side we overlooked innumerable lakes and streams, the spring of the Col
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Somers, the (search)
ns, but carrying ten, with a crew of officers, men, and boys of 120, under command of Alexander Slidell Mackenzie, cruising along the coast of Africa, left Liberia on Nov. 11, 1842, for the United States, via St. Thomas. On Nov. 25 Mackenzie received information through Lieutenant Gansevoort of a conspiracy on board to seize the brig and convert her into a pirate, etc. The leaders in this movemr J. Dallas, and Ogden Hoffman, judge advocate, sat until Jan. 19, 1843, and decided that Commodore Mackenzie had simply performed his duty, etc. This court and verdict did not satisfy public opinion, and for a further vindication Mackenzie called for a regular court-martial, which was held at the Brooklyn navy-yard, and by a vote of nine to three also acquitted him. An attempt was now made to bof jurisdiction. This case at the time created great excitement, many approving the course of Mackenzie, and many considering him guilty of a great crime. the Somers was lost in the harbor of Vera
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sumner, Charles 1811- (search)
, foreign politics, foreign statesmen, social life, gained in this visit, all were of infinite value to his later career. Sumner arrived at home May 3, 1840. The time of mere preparation had ended— the time of devotion to life's duties begun. The next five years were spent in diligent study, in writing for the magazines, in conducting an extensive correspondence, and in the practice of his profession. He threw himself with characteristic earnestness into the defence of the conduct of Mackenzie in the case of the Somers mutiny. He had some practice at the bar, and conducted successfully a few important causes. He took little interest in politics, and seems to have been much disgusted with the great popular excitements of the Presidential campaign of 1840. If any man remain incredulous as to the character of Sumner's after-life, let him see what, beyond all question or peradventure, he was at thirty-four. Growing up in a great city, school, and college life, ten years at the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Trials. (search)
advocates his discharge. A special session of the circuit court, ordered by the legislature of New York at Utica, tries and acquits him......Oct. 4-12, 1841 A. W. Holmes, of the crew of the William Brown for murder on the high seas (forty-four of the passengers and crew escaping in the long-boat, the sailors threw some passengers overboard to lighten the boat, April 19, 1841), convicted, but recommended to mercy......May, 1842 Thomas W. Dorr, Rhode Island; treason......1842 Alexander S. Mackenzie (Somers's mutiny)......1842 Bishop Benjamin T. Onderdonk, of New York, for immoral conduct; by ecclesiastical court, suspended......Dec. 10, 1844–Jan. 3, 1845 Ex-Senator J. C. Davis, of Illinois; T. C. Sharp, editor of Warsaw signal; Mark Aldrich, William N. Grover, and Col. Levi Williams, for murder of Hiram and Joe Smith (Mormons) ; trial begins at Carthage, Ill.; acquitted......May 21, 1845 Albert J. Tirrell (the somnambulist murderer), for killing Maria A. Bickford......
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
ly 1 by law of......Aug. 28, 1842 After vetoing two tariff bills, President Tyler signs the third......Aug. 30, 1842 [The prevailing rate of this tariff was 20 per cent.] Second session adjourns......Aug. 31, 1842 [It passed ninety-five acts, thirteen joint resolutions, and 189 private bills, sitting 269 days—the longest session since the beginning of Congress.] William Ellery Channing, Unitarian minister, dies at Bennington, Vt., aged sixty-two......Oct. 2, 1842 Alexander Slidell Mackenzie, commanding the United States brig Somers, while on a short cruise, hangs at the yard-arm Philip Spencer, a midshipman and son of John C. Spencer, then Secretary of War; Samuel Cromwell, a boatswain's mate; and Elijah H. Small, for an alleged conspiracy......Dec. 1, 1842 Third session assembles......Dec. 5, 1842 Samuel Woodworth (author of the Old oaken bucket) dies at New York City, aged fifty-seven......Dec. 9, 1842 Resolutions offered by John M. Botts of Virginia, for
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 2, Chapter 25: service for Crawford.—The Somers Mutiny.—The nation's duty as to slavery.—1843.—Age, 32. (search)
ept. 12, 1842, under the command of Alexander Slidell Mackenzie. The Mackenzie was added to his ch Commodore Stewart was President, approved Mackenzie's course. Afterwards, a court-martial, of nce of others who were in his interest, that Mackenzie's conduct, notwithstanding this judicial ving a direction to public opinion favorable to Mackenzie, which Spencer's friends were seeking to enl The legality of the means employed by Commander Mackenzie, in suppressing the mutiny, may be judgthe rule by which the responsibility of Commander Mackenzie is to be judged. But what is the rent direction from some of your results. Mackenzie was very grateful for this timely and able ve taking his seat. John Slidell, brother of Mackenzie, later a Senator from Louisiana, and afterwaend. The Judge had not the least doubt that Mackenzie was justified in the alternative he took. Hyou care to mention Judge Story's opinion to Mackenzie, I can have no objections; but, considering [5 more...]
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 2, Chapter 28: the city Oration,—the true grandeur of nations.—an argument against war.—July 4, 1845.—Age 34. (search)
cluded in his Works, as revised by himself. The entire edition of his Works, it may be remarked, is to extend to fourteen volumes, of which two are yet to be issued. He had never any sentimental aversion to the use of force as such, even when necessary to the extent of taking life. In 1842 he was earnestly in favor of decisive measures against the rebellion in Rhode Island, and of the use of the national troops for its suppression. Ante, Vol. II. p. 212. He went further in sustaining Mackenzie's summary execution of the Somers mutineers than many who did not share his peace views. Ante, Vol. II. pp. 233-237. In 1862 he advised President Lincoln not to commute the death-sentence passed upon a slave-trader, to the end that the traffic itself should be branded as infamous. When the Southern Rebellion was gathering its forces, he resisted all schemes of compromise, although well assured that their defeat involved inevitable civil war; and, during the winter of 1860-61, conferred