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Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 6 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 10 6 0 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 2 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 3 1 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Irene E. Jerome., In a fair country 2 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 14. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 2 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 2 0 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: may 17, 1861., [Electronic resource] 2 0 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: August 15, 1861., [Electronic resource] 2 0 Browse Search
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vergne. This enlightened ecclesiastic was successively a schoolmaster at Rheims (where he introduced the abacus, the Arabic numerals, the clock, the organ, and the globe), archbishop of Ravenna, and, eventually, Pope Sylvester II., to which position he was elevated by the decree of the Emperor Otho III. Patron and prelate died of poison shortly after, about A. D. 1002. Gerbert was probably the first to use in a Christian school the nine digits and a cipher, which proved, as William of Malmesbury said, a great blessing to the sweating calculators. A translation of Ptolemy, published in Spain in 1136, used the Hindoo notation. The Hindoo numerals were introduced into England about A. D. 1253. The accounts of the kings of England, previous to the Norman Conquest—and the same is probably true of most contemporary European nations—were calculated by rows of coin disposed as in the abacus, that is, placed in parallel rows which represented gradually increasing denominations in th
re, according to Julianus, a Spanish bishop, commonly used in Spain 200 years previous to this date. In 757, the Emperor Constantine IV. presented an organ to King Pepin of France; and one, the work of a Saracen artist, was presented to his son Charlemagne by Haroun al Raschid; and, in 812, Louis le Debonnair built one on the Greek model at Aquisgrana, the modern Aix-la-Chapelle. Several German organs were placed in Italian churches by John VIII., 872-882. About 951, the abbey of Malmesbury and the cathedral of Winchester in England were provided with organs. At this time and for two centuries later, the compass was small, usually from 9 to 11 notes, the brass pipes harsh in tone and the machinery clumsy; the keys being 4 or 5 inches broad, and struck by the fist. Gerbert of Auvergne, in his school at Rheims, had an organ played by steam. He was afterward made Pope by the Emperor Otho III., assuming the name of Sylvester II. He and his patron were poisoned by Italian in
swept over the land. See Woodley's Scilly, page 165. The wattled huts of the Britons were grouped in forests or on the banks of rivers, clustered around the residence of the chief, and protected by a ditch and rampart of earth. See Strutt, Chronicles of England, I. 254; Fosbroke's Encyclopedia of Antiquities, II., plate opposite pape 543. For Roman camps, see lb., opposite page 556. Waved wheel. The walls of the church [First Abbey Church of Glastenbury. England], according to Malmesbury, were made of twigs, winded and twisted together, after the antient custome, that King's palaces were used to be built. So the King of Wales, by name Heolus Wha, in the year of our Lord 940, built a house of white twigs, to retire into when he came a hunting into South Wales; therefore it was called Ty Gwyn, that is, the White house. For to the end that it might be distinguished from vulgar buildings, he caused the twigs (according to his princely quality) to be barkt; nay castles themsel
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 2 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.), Chapter 18: Prescott and Motley (search)
ing the unsuitable adjective from the historical vocabulary. Criticism such as this of Fruin's was the highest compliment that could have been paid to Motley. The spring of 1861, momentous in the history of the United States, found Motley still in London. He had been abroad at work in the archives ever since the winter of 1856-57, which he had spent in Boston. The first public news of the imminent Civil War must have come to him on Monday, 29 April. That was the day when the Earl of Malmesbury opened the session in the House of Lords with the assumption that Almost all your Lordships must have read the account that arrived this morning from America, and must have learned with pain as well as astonishment that civil war has broken out. Humanely rejoicing that no blood had been shed, the Earl proceeded to ask what the noble Lords were going to do towards settling this most unnatural quarrel. Lord Woodhouse replied that, after mature deliberation, the Government had decided that
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 2 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.), Index (search)
vs. Maryland, 75, 93 n. McFingal, 150 McKinley, C., 325-326, 330, 331 Madame Celestin's Divorce, 391 Madame Delphine, 384, 385 Made in France; French Tales with a U. S. Twist, 386 Madison, James, 180 Madisonian, the, 183 Maeterlinck, 22 Magazine of useful and entertaining knowledge, the, 165 Magnolia, the, 175 Mahon, Lord, 18 Maidenhood, 36 Main-Travelled Roads, 388, 390 Maitland, F. W., 130 Main Street, 22 Major Jones's courtship, 153, 348 Malmesbury, Earl of, 141 Malvern Hill, 281 Manly, Louise, 304 Mann, Horace, 320 Man without a country, the, 374 Marais du Cygne, Le, 51 Marble faun, the, 21, 30 Marbury vs. Madison, 73-74 Marching along, 285 Marching through Georgia, 284, 285 March to Moscow, 305 Marcy, W. L., 120 Marchen und Sagen der afrikanischen Neger, 357 n. Marginalia (Poe), 63 Marion, General, 306, 308 Marjorie Daw, 385 Mark Twain. See Clemens, S. L. Marse Chan, 389 Marshall, John, 7
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Irene E. Jerome., In a fair country, April days (search)
St. George's Day, and the Eve of St. Mark's. She has not, like her sister May in Germany, been transformed to a verb and made a synonyme for joy,—Deine Seele maiet den truben Herbst,—but April was believed in early ages to have been the birth-time of the world. According to the Venerable Bede, the point was first accurately determined at a council held at Jerusalem about A. D. 200, when, after much profound discussion, it was finally decided that the world's birthday occurred on Sunday, April 8th,—that is, at the vernal equinox and the full moon. But April is certainly the birth-time of the season, at least, if not of the planet. Its festivals are older than Christianity, older than the memory of man. No sad associations cling to it, as to the month of June, in which month, says William of Malmesbury, kings are wont to go to war,—Quando solent reges ad arma procedere,—but it contains the Holy Week, and it is the Holy Month. And in April Shakespeare was born, and in April
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 14. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Ceremonies connected with the unveiling of the statue of General Robert E. Lee, at Lee circle, New Orleans, Louisiana, February 22, 1884. (search)
e for which he fought in whose memory this monument is erected, I seek to trace the origin, the foundation and the history of the right of secession, bearing ever in mind that I speak not from the standpoint of to-day, but of that eventful moment in the already distant past when Lee was called upon to determine, by the lights then surrounding him, whether his allegiance was due to his native State or to the Federal Government, from which she had withdrawn. Down to the days of Hobbes, of Malmesbury, kingship founded its claim to authority on Divine right. Hobbes originated the doctrine that political authority was derived from the consent of the governed, and based that consent upon the fiction of an original contract or implied covenant, which created that great Leviathan called the commonwealth of State. The right of secession, even in the form of revolution, had no place, however, in the theory of Hobbes, because he held that this original contract was irrevocable, and thus l
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Chapter 11: Hyperion and the reaction from it (search)
of the Phantom Ship. The Flying Dutchman of the Cape, and the Klabotermann of the Baltic, are nowise superior. The story of Peter Rugg, the man who could not find Boston, is as good as that told by Gervase of Tilbury, of a man who gave himself to the devils by an unfortunate imprecation, and was used by them as a wheelbarrow; and the Great Carbuncle of the White Mountains shines with no less splendor, than that which illuminated the subterranean palace in Rome, as related by William of Malmesbury. Truly, from such a Fortunatus's pocket and wishing-cap, a talebearer may furnish forth a sufficiency of perylous adventures right espouventables, briefly compyled and pyteous for to here. We must always remember that Longfellow came forward at a time when cultivated Americans were wasting a great deal of superfluous sympathy on themselves. It was the general impression that the soil was barren, that the past offered no material and they must be European or die. Yet Longfellow's few
The employ, the mere show of naval force could break up the league formed against me, and maintain the balance of power which this league seeks to destroy. Malmesbury, i. 228. The letter was accompanied by a writing from Harris, in which he was lavish of flattery; and he offered, unconditionally, an alliance with Great Britaiave a written 1780. promise, that the navigation of the subjects of the empress should never be interrupted by vessels of Chap. XII.} 1779. Great Britain. Malmesbury, i. 233. To the end of 1779 the spirit of moderation prevailed in the councils of the Netherlands. Even the province of Holland had unreservedly withdrawn e. In short, that it was no more than the system of giving protection to trade suggested last year by the three northern courts, now carried into execution. Malmesbury, i. 241. Potemkin, professing to be almost out of humor with his objections and with his backwardness to admit the great advantage England would derive Chap.
The Daily Dispatch: may 17, 1861., [Electronic resource], The American Crisis in the British House of Lords. (search)
The American Crisis in the British House of Lords. In the House of Lords, on the28th of April,the Earl of Malmesbury, adverting to the state of affairs in America, said : I beg leave to put to my noble friend, the Under-Secretary for Foreign Affairs, a question of which I have given him private notice, in reference to a subject which deeply interests this country, and, I may say, the whole of Europe. Almost all your lordships have, no doubt, read the accounts which arrived this morning from America, and must have learnt with pain, as well as some astonishment, that a civil war had broken out between the Secessionists in that country and the other States of the Union. Fortunately, up to the date of those accounts, hardly any blood had been shed, and too much praise cannot, I think, be bestowed upon the commander of the fleet engaged in the transaction to which I refer, for abstaining from entering on a useless contest. It is impossible, however, that a struggle such as th
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