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Sacramento, Capital of the State of California, was early known as New Helvetia and a trading-post. It was settled by John A. Sutter (q. v.); became a place of large importance on the discovery of gold by James W. Marshall, the first building being erected in 1849; and was made the State capital in 1854. Population in 1900, 29,282.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing),
United States of America. (search)