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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 10 0 Browse Search
Medford Historical Society Papers, Volume 25. 3 1 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pilgrim fathers, the (search)
, were twice compelled to return to port. Dismissing this unseaworthy vessel, 101 of the number who came from Leyden sailed in the Mayflower, Sept. 6 (O. S.). These included the Pilgrim fathers, so called. The following are the names of the forty-one persons who signed the constitution of government on board the Mayflower, and are known as the Pilgrim Fathers: John Carver, William Bradford, Edward Winslow, William Brewster, Isaac Allerton, Myles Standish, John Alden, Samuel Fuller, Christopher Martin, William Mullins, William White, Richard Warren, John Howland, Stephen Hopkins, Edward Tilley, John Tilley, Francis Cook, Thomas Rogers, Thomas Tinker, John Ridgedale, Edward Fuller, John Turner, Francis Eaton, James Chilton, John Crackston, John Billington, Moses Fletcher, John Goodman, Degory Priest, Thomas Williams, Gilbert Winslow, Edward Margeson, Peter Brown, Richard Britteridge, George Soule, Richard Clarke, Richard Gardiner, John Allerton, Thomas English, Edward Doty, Edward Li
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Provincial Congresses (search)
s, specially called for that purpose. But this plan met with little favor, and in time the Provincial Congress of New York became more thoroughly patriotic. It showed hesitation, however, in several important emergencies, especially in the matter of declaring the independence of the colonies. It ceased to exist in the summer of 1777, when a State government was organized. On Aug. 21, 1775, a Provincial Congress, consisting of 184 deputies, assembled at Hillsboro, N. C. They first declared their determination to protect the Regulators, who were liable to punishment; declared Governor Martin's proclamation to have a tendency to stir up tumult and insurrection in the province dangerous to the King's government, and directed it to be publicly burned by the common hangman. They provided for raising troops; authorized the raising, in addition to a regular force, of ten battalions, to be called minute-men, and they authorized the emission of bills of credit to the amount of $150,000.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Savannah, Ga. (search)
ed to continue it. D'Estaing positively refused to remain any longer, and on the evening of Oct. 18 the allies withdrew, the French to their ships, and the Americans to Zubley's Ferry, on the Savannah. Lincoln retreated to Charleston, and the French fleet sailed for France at the beginning of November. The British lost only 120 men. Thus closed the campaign of 1779. On July 11, 1782, the British troops evacuated Savannah, after an occupation of three years and a half. In consideration of the services of Gen. James Jackson, Wayne, who was in command of the Continentals in Georgia, appointed him to receive the keys of Savannah from a committee of British officers. He did so, and on the same day the American army entered Savannah, when royal power ceased in Georgia forever. Governor Martin called a special meeting in Savannah (Aug. 1), of the Georgia legislature, at the house of General McIntosh. Very soon the free and independent State of Georgia began its career. See Georgia.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Tories, or loyalists. (search)
list corps numbered far less, for a long time, than the ministry or their partisans in America anticipated. The greatest exertions of the three leaders above named had not caused an enrolment of over 1.200 of them as late as the spring of 1777. Afterwards the number greatly increased, though there were not a great many in the field at one time. Sabine estimates the whole number enrolled during the Revolutionary War at 20, 000. The first organization was under Lord Dunmore in Virginia and Martin in North Carolina, in 1775. Later there were loyalists under Sir John Johnson and Colonel Butler in New York; also under Tryon and De Lancey in the same State, and Skinner, of New Jersey. Later still the loyalists of the Carolinas, who were numerous in the western districts, were embodied under Maj. Patrick Ferguson, killed at King's Mountain in 1781. Altogether, there were twenty-nine or thirty regiments, regularly officered and enrolled. The most noted loyalist corps in the war was th
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
ce......January, 1492 [But is recalled while on his journey.] Ferdinand and Isabella arrange with Columbus......April 17, 1492 Columbus sailed on his first expedition from Palos in Andalusia on Friday, with three vessels supplied by the sovereigns of Spain—the Santa Maria, a decked vessel with a crew of fifty men, with Columbus in command, and two caravels—the Pinta with thirty men, under Martin Alonso Pinzon, and the Niña with twenty-four men, under Vicente Yañez Pinzon, brother of Martin......Aug. 3, 1492 Leaves the Canary Islands......Sept. 6, 1492 Influenced by Pinzon, he changes his course from due west to southwest......Oct. 7, 1492 [The original course would have struck the coast of Florida.] Rodrigo de Triana, a sailor on the Niña, discovers land at 2 A. M. Friday......Oct. 12, 1492 Columbus lands on Guanahani, one of the Bahamas; takes possession in the name of Ferdinand and Isabella of Castile, and names it San Salvador. Oct. 12, 1492 He discovers C
Medford Historical Society Papers, Volume 25., Women of the Mayflower and Plymouth Colony. (search)
ood on the boat. Mary Brewster and Susanna White set a shining mark. Mrs. John Carver, her maid and her young ward, Desire Minter—Mrs. Miles Standish and Mrs. Edward Winslow and Katherine Carver have won the love and admiration of all. Mrs. Christopher Martin, who was scarcely known, as she was among the passengers from London. Two pairs of mothers and daughters—Mrs. Mary Chilton and Mrs. Mullins and Priscilla—engage our attention, as Cupid's entanglements are in this serious adventure (Maryndred years that has amounted to $500,000. No wonder Old South is the richest church in Boston! In less than a week after the first women went ashore, Rose Standish passed to a land of sunshine and flowers. Others soon followed, Ann Tilly, Mrs. Martin, little Ellen More and Mary Chilton's mother. Another month, and Mary Allerton, John Tilly's wife, Sarah Eaton and Mrs. Edward Fuller were numbered with them, and soon Elizabeth Winslow and Katharine Carver slipped away. Their monument is th<