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D. H. Hill, Jr., Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 4, North Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 46 6 Browse Search
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he Eleventh, and so through the series of fourteen. Coincident with the formation of many of these volunteer regiments, ten other regiments were organizing. The convention had directed Governor Ellis to raise ten regiments for the war. These were to be designated as State troops, and were to be numbered from one to ten. The Ninth regiment was to be cavalry, and the Tenth, artillery. Major Gordon says, an adjutantgen-eral and other staff officers were authorized for these troops. Maj. J. G. Martin, on his arrival at Raleigh, after his resignation from the United States army, was appointed by the governor adjutant-general of this corps. This office soon became one of the utmost importance. Col. John F. Hoke, the regular adjutant-general, having resigned to accept the colonelcy of the Thirteenth volunteers, the duties of both these offices were consolidated under Major Martin. More important still, the legislature conferred upon him all the military powers of the State, sub
achments of the Ninth and Twenty-second Massachusetts and of the Fourth Michigan, and what Lane had left of the Twenty-fifth New York, all supporting a section of Martin's battery. The Federal line was broken and the gunners driven from their pieces. General Martindale says: The battle had now lasted for quite an hour, and althoe affairs of the adjutant-general's office at that time, gives the following account of the negotiations for these regiments: On or about the night that General Martin received his commission as brigadier-general, the governor of North Carolina received a communication from the war department of the Confederate States giving campaign North Carolina had forty regiments in Virginia. The fifteen regiments sent to Virginia were not sent back to the State after Malvern Hill, but General Martin was ordered home to organize new regiments for its local defense. Preceding and preliminary to the great approaching battles around Richmond, occurred Jackson'
on the right; the Fifteenth, Col. William MacRae, next; the Twenty-seventh, Colonel Gilmer, next, and on the left, the Forty-eighth, Colonel Walkup. General Kirkland's North Carolinians were on Cooke's left in this order: The Eleventh, Lieutenant-Colonel Martin, and the Fifty-second, Lieut.-Col. B. F. Little, were on the left; the Twenty-sixth, Colonel Lane, the Forty-fourth, Colonel Singeltary, and the Forty-seventh, Colonel Faribault, on the right Cooke's men, on the right, stepped to theh and Fifty-second drove the Federals out of the cut and occupied it themselves. But they were exposed to a flank fire from infantry and an enfilade fire from artillery, and reluctantly gave up their advantage. General Kirkland was wounded, Colonel Martin was several times wounded, and a loss of 270 inflicted upon the brigade. General Warren in his official report bears testimony to the fearlessness of the North Carolina men in their attacks. He reports, the-enemy's line of battle boldly m
from Kinston in the darkness, and with rifles and cutlasses assaulted and boarded the gunboat Underwriter, lying just under the guns of the forts.. The men under Wood were exposed to a hot fire on approaching the boat, and, after boarding, they became at once engaged in a desperate hand-to-hand cutlass and pistol fight with the Underwriter's crew. Wood finally captured the vessel, but had to burn it. Few more daring deeds than this were done during the war. On the 28th of January, Gen. J. G. Martin, commanding the Forty-second regiment, Col. J. E. Brown; the Seventeenth regiment, Lieutenant-Colonel Lamb; a cavalry force under Colonel Jackson and Lieutenant-Colonel Jeffords, four pieces of the Ellis battery of Moore's battalion (accompanied by the major), and Paris' battery, set out from Wilmington to attack the garrison at Newport barracks, near Shepherdsville. That post was defended by the Ninth Vermont regiment, a Massachusetts heavy battery, and two companies of cavalry.
th North Carolina, under Maj. John W. Graham, and Gracie's brigade, drove back the Federal cavalry which had attempted to cut our communications with Richmond. Martin's and Clingman's brigades, of Hoke's division, also reached Petersburg on the 16th after forced marches, and were ready for their share of hard fighting on the 16r distant homes were being ruthlessly desolated, and that the pangs of hunger were pressing cruelly upon their unprotected families. What Captain Elliott says of Martin's North Carolina brigade was, changing only the numbers, true of every brigade that there lived in the ground, walked in the wet ditches, ate in the ditches, slept in dirt-covered pits. He says: At the beginning of the siege, June 20th, the report of Martin's brigade, occupying Colquitt's salient, showed 2,200 men for duty. In September, when they were relieved, the total force was 700 living skeletons. Occupying the sharp salient, the work was enfiladed on both flanks by direct fire,
Chapter 18: The last battles in North Carolina Gen. J. G. Martin's command battles with Kirk and the Federal marauders the army under Gen. Joe Johnston evacuation of Forts fight at town creek engagement at Kinston battle at Averasboro Johnston Repulses Sherman at Bentonville Johnston falls back to Durham surrender. It remains now only to consider the final campaign in North Carolina. Toward the close of 1864, Gen. J. G. Martin had been recalled from the Virginia army Gen. J. G. Martin had been recalled from the Virginia army and placed in command of the Western department of North Carolina, with headquarters at Asheville. Under his command were, according to Martin's return, March 10th, the following troops: Col. J. B. Palmer's brigade, embracing the Sixty-second, Sixty-fourth and Sixty-ninth (?) North Carolina regiments; Macbeth's light artillery; Erwin's battalion of Senior reserves; Thomas' legion (Love's regiment), McKamy's battalion, Indian battalion, and Barr's battery—a total force of 2,910. It is not clea
of Hoke's division, formerly commanded by General Martin. He served with Longstreet north of the Jonstration against New Bern in February, 1864, Martin successfully attacked and drove the Federals fl was in command of the division May 20th, and Martin and his brigade won distinction by their gallaving Grant would make another attack, informed Martin that he held the key to the Confederate positiops, comparatively new, could be relied upon. Martin promptly responded that his men were as good athe rear. This opinion was soon verified, and Martin's brigade being hastily transferred to Petersb the famous battles of June before Petersburg, Martin and his brigade displayed courage, discipline d by any. During the siege which followed, General Martin's health gave way under the strain and exps largely due to his predecessor, replied: General Martin is one to whom North Carolina owes a debt an attack. After the close of hostilities General Martin found himself bereft of the considerable p[4 more...]