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George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 6, 10th edition. 45 1 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 10 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Martin, Josiah 1737-1786 (search)
Martin, Josiah 1737-1786 Royal governor; born in Antigua, West Indies, April 23, 1737; was appointed governor of North Carolina in 1771, and became extremely obnoxious to the people by his attempts to thwart the patriotic movements. He denounce It was supposed the governor had planned it, and the indignant people determined to demolish Fort Johnson, and not allow Martin to make it a stronghold. Five hundred of them, led by John Ashe, marched on the fort. The governor fled to the sloop-ofress voted to sustain the Whigs in North Carolina with a force of 1,000 men. They prepared to hold a new convention, when Martin, from on shipboard, issued a proclamation forbidding the meeting, and making accusations against the patriots. The Whigsng to disunite the good people of the province, and it was burned by the common hangman. They authorized the raising of three regiments. Martin never returned, and thus ended royal rule in North Carolina. He died in London, England, in July, 1786.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), North Carolina, State of (search)
. 7, 1722 George Burringtonassumes office as govJan. 15, 1724 Sir Richard Everardassumes office as govJuly 17, 1725 Royal governors. George Burringtonassumes officeFeb. 25, 1731 Nathaniel Ricepresident of councilApr. 17, 1734 Gabriel Johnstonassumes officeNov. 2, 1734 Nathaniel Ricepresident of council1752 Matthew Rowanpresident of councilFeb. 1, 1753 Arthur Dobbsassumes officeNov. 1, 1754 William Tryonassumes officeOct. 27, 1764 James Hasellpresident of councilJuly 1, 1771 Josiah Martinassumes officeAug., 1771 State governors (elected by the Assembly´╝ë Richard CaswellDec., 1776David Stone1808 Abner NashDec., 1779Benjamin Smith1810 Thomas BurkeJuly, 1781William Hawkins1811 Alexander Martin1782William Miller1814 Richard Caswell1784John Branch1817 Samuel Johnston1787Jesse Franklin1820 Alexander Martin1789Gabriel Holmes1821 Richard Dobbs Spaight1792Hutchings G. Burton1824 Samuel Ashe1795James Iredell1827 William R. Davie1798John Owen1828 Benjamin Williams1799Mo
erty; let not officers under them carry on unjust oppression in our province. No. 1, Advertisement C. Aug. 1766. In Tryon to Secretary of State, 24 Dec. 1768; Martin's North Carolina, II. 217; Jones's Defence of N. C. Some of those who were wronged hardly gained by their utmost efforts a scanty subsistence for their families. what uses their money was called for. Paper No. 3. Proposal at a Meeting of the Inhabitants of Orange County, at Maddock's Mill, on Enoe, Monday, 10 Oct. 1766; Martin's North Carolina, II. 218; Jones's Defence of North Carolina, 41. Yet their hope of redress was very distant. How could unlettered farmers succeed against the unan annual poll-tax to raise five thousand pounds, and the next year ten Chap. XXVII.} 1766. Oct. thousand more, to build a House for the Governor at Newbern. Martin's North Carolina, II. 227, 228, 229, 230; Wheeler, i. 55. In Boston, the General Court resumed its session near the end of October; and received petitions fro
ce to the dictates of England. W. S. Johnson to Stuyvesant of New-York, 10 July, 1767. Such an one was Tryon, now Governor of North Carolina, a soldier who, in the army, had learned little but a fondness for display. To mark the boundary Chap. XXIX.} 1767. July. which in October, 1765, had been agreed upon between the Carolinas and the Cherokees, Tryon to Rutherford, &c., Commissioners, 4 June, and 6 June, 1767. he, at the cost of an impoverished and suffering Colony, Compare Martin's History of North Carolina, II. 228. marched a company of riflemen through the woods, Tryon to Secretary of State, 8 July, 1767. to the banks of Reedy River. The Beloved Men of the Cherokees met him on the way. The Man above, said their Orator, is head of all He made the land and none other, and he told me that the land I stand on is mine, and all that is in it. True it is, the Deer and the Buffaloes and the Turkeys are almost gone. I refer all to him above. The White People eat what
the King, and, with a rankling sense of their wrongs, breathed affection to the British Government, as the wholesomest Constitution in being. Meeting of the Committee at Thomas Coxe's Mill, in a movement from Herman Coxe's. It is Tryon himself who relates that in their commotions no mischief had been done, and that the disturbances in Anson and Orange had subsided. Tryon to Hillsborough, 16 June, 1768. The Regulators awaited the result of the suits at law. But Tryon would not wait. Martin's North Carolina, II. 237, 238. He repaired to Hillsborough, threw himself entirely against the Regulators, Chap. XXXV.} 1768. Sept. and demanded of them unconditional and immediate submission, Tryon to Inhabitants of Orange County, &c. 1 August, 1768. Depositions of Tyree Harris and of R. Sutherland, 3 August. Regulators to Gov. Tryon, delivered 5 August. Order in Council at Hillsborough, 13 August, and Letter of Tryon to the Regulators. and that twelve of them should give bonds in
It is the tradition, that his wife vainly entreated admission to him; that Villere, hearing her voice, demanded to see her; became frantic with love, anger and grief, struggled with his guard, and fell dead from passion or from their bayonets. Martin's History of Louisiana; Gayarreas Hist. de la Louisiane, II. 305. The official report only declares, that he did Chap XLI.} 1769. Aug. not survive the first day of bondage. Note at page 303 of Gayarreas Lectures, Third Series. The blow imothy Dwight's Travels in New England and New-York, i. 308. was also soliciting leave from the Government in England to lead forth a Colony to the southwestern banks of the Mississippi. W. S. Johnson to Jos. Trumbull, 15 April, 1769. Compare Martin's Louisiana, II. 35; Monette's Valley of the Mississippi, i. 407, 408. In his peaceful habitation on the banks of the Yadkin River, in North Carolina, Daniel Boone, Boone was born in Virginia, McLung, 49. Boone was born in Bucks County, Penn
to every sort of rapine and extortion. Governor Martin to the Secretary of State, Hillsborough, of which more than two thirds Postscript to Martin to Hillsborough, 30 Jan. 1772. had been irretr71. and kept him in prison without bail. Judge Martin, II. 269. Husbands remained several days inorfeit their lives with all their property. Martin's History of North Carolina, II. 269, 270. Suc hundred and seventy-four, addressed to Chief Justice Martin, &c. &c. Honor and good faith now Chapg view of the case. The letter of Frohock and Martin must be compared. They are adverse witnesses, expectation, From the letter of Fohock and Martin. agreed with them, that all differences with tnd quietly returned Letters of Tryon and of Martin; Caruthers in Life of Galdwell. to their farmsh the immediate election of a new Assembly, Martin to Hillsborough, 1771. though terror and despahis own words. extract of A Letter from Josiah Martin [the brother of Samuel Martin, who wounded[5 more...]
e Colonies. In South Carolina, whose sons esteemed themselves disfranchised on their own soil by the appointment of strangers to every office, the Governor had for four years negatived every taxbill in the hope of controlling the appropriations. In North Carolina, the law establishing courts of justice had expired; in the conflict of claims of power between the Governor and the Legislature, every new law on the subject was negatived, and there were no courts of any kind in the Province. Martin to Dartmouth, 25 Dec. 1773. Quincy's Quincy, 121, 123. The most orderly and best governed part of Carolina was the self-organized Republic of Watauga, beyond the mountains, where the settlements were extending along the Holston, as well as south of the Nollichucky. Every where an intrepid, hardy and industrious population, heedless of proclamations, was moving westward through all the gates of the Alleghanies; seating themselves on the New River and the Green Chap. LII.} 1774. Feb. Bri