its second. Rhode Island followed in 1786; Maryland in 1789; Connecticut in 1790; Virginia in 1791; New Jersey in 1792.
The discovery that such societies were at war with the Federal Constitution, or with the reciprocal duties of citizens of the several States, was not made till nearly forty years afterward.
These Abolition Societies were largely composed of the most eminent as well as the worthiest citizens.
Among them were, in Maryland, Samuel Chase, a signer of the Declaration, and Luther Martin, one of the framers of the Constitution; in Delaware, James A. Bayard,
Father of one of her present U. S. Senators. afterward in Congress, and Caesar A. Rodney, who became Attorney-General.
The Pennsylvania Society had Benjamin Franklin for its President, and Benjamin Rush for Secretary — both signers of the Declaration.
Franklin, then 84 years of age, signed this memorial on the 3d of February, 1790, and died on the 17th of April following. among other such societies, memo
solution in the House, 570.
Cranch, Judge, signs an Abolition petition, 142.
Crandall, prudence, persecuted for teaching colored children, 127.
Crawford, Martin J., a Confederate Commissioner at Washington, 430 to 436.
Crawford, Wm. H., of Ga., 91.
Crittenden, J. J., of Ky., 308; pleads for Conciliation in the Senated at Booneville, Mo., 574.
Marshall, Chief Justice, 106; 109; 110; 252.
Marshall, Humphrey, of Ky., 539; 614
Marston, Col. Gilman, at Bull Run, 525.
Martin, Luther, 44; 107.
Maryland, 36; first Abolition Society in, 107; 142; withdraws from the Douglas Convention, 318; 849; population in 1860, 351; 461; 468; Butle the Administration, 561; moves provisos to thee Army Appropriation bill, etc., 561 ; 562; 615; 629.
Van Buren, John, on Fugitive Slave Act, 213.
Van Buren, Martin, influences causing his defeat in the Baltimore Convention of 1844, 69: supports the Tariff of 1828, 91: supplants Calhoun as Vice-President in 1832. 93; allusion