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Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for George Mason or search for George Mason in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Declaration of rights by Virginia. (search)
Declaration of rights by Virginia. George Mason drafted for Virginia a declaration of rights, and on May 27, 1776, Archibald Carey presented it to the Virginia convention. On June 12 it was adopted. It declared that all men are by nature equally free, and are invested with inalienable rights—namely, the enjoyment of life, liberty, property, and the pursuit of happiness and safety; that all power is vested in, and consequently derived from, the people; that government is, or ought to be, instituted for the common benefit and security of the people, nation, or community, and that when government shall fail to perform its required functions, a majority of the people have an inalienable right to reform or abolish it; that, public services not being descendible, the office of magistrate, legislator, or judge ought not to be hereditary; that the legislative and executive powers of the state should be distinct from the judicature, and that the members of the first two should, at fixed
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Federal convention, the. (search)
ngston, Abraham Clark, and Jonathan Dayton; Pennsylvania—Thomas Mifflin, Robert Morris, George Clymer, Jared Ingersoll, Thomas Fitzsimons, James Wilson, Gouverneur Morris, and Benjamin Franklin; Delaware—George Read, Gunning Bedford, Jr., John Dickinson, Richard Bassett, and Jacob Broom; Maryland—James McHenry, Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, Daniel Carroll, John Francis Mercer, and Luther Martin; Virginia—George Washington, Patrick Henry, Edmund Randolph, John Blair, James Madison, Jr., George Mason, and George Wythe. Patrick Henry having declined the appointment, George McClure was nominated to supply his place; North Carolina—Richard Caswell, Alexander Martin, William Richardson Davie, Richard Dobbs Spaight, and Willie Jones. Richard Caswell having resigned, William Blount was appointed a deputy in his place. Willie Jones having also declined his appointment, his place was supplied by Hugh Williamson; South Carolina— John Rutledge, Charles Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth Pinck
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mason, George 1725-1792 (search)
Mason, George 1725-1792 Statesman; born in Fairfax county, Va., in 1725; was a firm patriot and able statesman. In 1769 he drew up the non-importation resolutions which Washington presented to the Virginia Assembly, and which were unanimously adopted. He also wrote a powerful tract against the claim of the British Parliament Henry, led the opposition to it in the convention of Virginia. He also declined the office of United States Senator, to which he was elected. Jefferson wrote of Mason: He was a man of the first order of wisdom, of expansive mind, profound judgment, cogent in argument, learned in the lore of our form of Constitution, and earnest first order of wisdom, of expansive mind, profound judgment, cogent in argument, learned in the lore of our form of Constitution, and earnest for the republican change on democratic principles. He died in Fairfax county, Va., Oct. 7, 1792. A statue of Mason occupies a pedestal on Crawford's monument of Washington in Richmond, Va.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), States, origin of the names of (search)
he province of Mayne, in France. Maryland, named in honor of Henrietta Maria, Queen of Charles I., who called the province Terra Mariae, Mary's land. Massachusetts (Indian), about the great hills. Michigan (Indian), mit-chi, great, and sawgye-gan, a Chippewa word for liken. Minnesota (Indian), whitish water. Mississippi (Indian), great, long river. Missouri (Indian), muddy river. Nebraska (Indian), water valley, or shallow river. Nevada, a Spanish word. New Hampshire, so named by George Mason after Hampshire, a county in England. New Jersey, so called in honor of Sir George Carteret, one of its proprietors. who had been governor of the island of Jersey, in the British Channel. New York, so named in compliment to the Duke of York, to whom the territory was granted in 1664. Carolina, North and South, so named in compliment to Charles II. (Latin Carolus), who granted the colonial charter. Ohio (Indian), O-hee-yuh (Seneca) beautiful river. The French spell it O-y-o. Oregon,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sumner, Charles 1811- (search)
Brooks (q. v.), assaulted Senator Sumner while he was writing at his desk in the Senate chamber on May 26. Brooks approached Sumner with a gutta-percha cane and dealt him such a blow on the head that he fell insensible upon the floor. From this blow he never fully recovered. Brooks was Charles Sumner. rewarded for this act by his constituents with the present of a gold-headed cane and a re-election to Congress. In the Senate in January, 1862, Senator Sumner argued that the seizure of Mason and Slidell was unjustifiable, according to the principles of international law. His voice was heard frequently during the war in defence of the national policy, and in 1865 he pronounced a eulogy on President Lincoln. In April, 1869, his speech on American claims on England caused great excitement and indignation in Great Britain, where it was supposed to threaten war and an attempt to excite popular feeling against that country. In the same year his opposition to the scheme for the ann
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Virginia, (search)
, resigns as commander-in-chief......February, 1776 Patrick Henry elected a delegate to the convention......April, 1776 Convention instructs her delegates to Congress to advocate independence......May 15, 1776 Declaration of rights by George Mason adopted by the convention......June 12, 1776 Patrick Henry elected governor of Virginia......June, 177( State constitution adopted, and colonial government ceases in Virginia......June 29, 1776 Kentucky made a county of Virginia.....86 Lynchburg, on the James River, laid out......1786 Kentucky favors separation at a convention held at Danville....... Sept. 7, 1787 Convention at Richmond on the federal Constitution......June 2, 1788 Patrick Henry, James Monroe, George Mason, etc., oppose it; James Madison, Edmund Pendleton, John Marshall, etc., advocate it. It is ratified, 89 to 79......June 25, 1788 Virginia cedes 40 square miles south of the Potomac to the United States for a federal district......1790 [T
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Virginia, (search)
ess of time, must degenerate into an intolerable despotism. Patrick Henry, too, vehemently condemned the phraseology of the preamble to the national Constitution— We, the people —arguing that it should have been We, the States. So, also, did George Mason. So jealous of their sovereignty were the States in general that Congress, at the beginning of 1780, finding itself utterly helpless, threw everything upon the States. Washington deeply deplored this state of things. Certain I am, he wrote . . . I see one head gradually changing into thirteen. I see one army branching into thirteen, which, instead of looking up to Congress as the supreme controlling power of the United States, are considering themselves as dependent on their George Mason. several States. Towards the end of June General Greene wrote: The Congress have lost their influence. I have for a long time seen the necessity of some new plan of civil government. Unless there is some control over the States by the Congr