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of the majority of the freemen or their deputies. Representative government was indissolubly connected with the fundamental charter; and it was especially provided, that the authority of the absolute proprietary should not extend to the life, freehold, or estate of any emigrant. These were the features which endeared the proprietary government to the people of Maryland; and, but for these, the patent would have been as worthless as those of the London company, of Warwick, of Gorges, or of Mason. It is a singular fact, that the only proprietary charters, productive of considerable emolument to their owners, were those which conceded popular liberty. For the benefit of the colony, the statutes restraining emigration were dis- Chap. VII.} 1632. pensed with; and, at the appointment of the Baron of Baltimore, all present and future liege people of the English king, except such as should be expressly forbidden, might freely transport themselves and their families to Maryland. Christ
confidence and decision; and now he found in John Mason, who had been governor of a plantation in Nection, like himself. It was not difficult for Mason, 1621. Mar. 9. who had been elected an associland increased; and Gorges 1622. Aug. 10. and Mason next took a patent for Laconia, the whole counoprietaries merchants, it became expedient for Mason to 1629 Nov. 7. procure a new patent; and he ded among them for the payment of arrears; and Mason's American estate was completely ruined. Neite project of territorial aggrandizement. When Mason limited himself to the country west of the Pissachem of the Mohegans, Mwas their ally. To John Mason the staff of command was delivered at Hartfole manner of the natives hardly deserved, says Mason, the name of fighting; their defeat was certai the settlements from any sudden attack; while Mason, with about twenty men, marched across the courning in triumph, swell more than the pride of Mason and his friends, when they found themselves re[4 more...]
the savages. The stern discipline exercised by the government at Salem, produced an early harvest of enemies: resentment long rankled in the minds of some, whom Endicott had perhaps too passionately punished; and when they returned to England, Mason and Gorges, the rivals of the Massachusetts company, willingly echoed their vindictive complaints. A petition even reached King Charles, complaining of distraction and disorder in the plantations; but the issue was unexpected. Massachusetts wasand, made their appearance, and judgment was pronounced against them individually; the rest of the patentees stood outlawed, but no judgment was entered up against them. Hazard, i. 423—425. Hutchinson's coll. 101—104. The unexpected death of Mason, Dec who, as the proprietary of New Hampshire, had been the chief mover of all the aggressions on the rights of the adjoining colony, suspended the hostile movements, Winthrop, i. 187. which Gorges had too much honesty and too little intrigue