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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 20 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Flint, Henry Martyn 1829-1868 (search)
Flint, Henry Martyn 1829-1868 Author; born in Philadelphia, Pa., March 24, 1829; studied law and settled in Chicago, where he edited the Times in 1855-61. He was the author of a Life of Stephen A. Douglas; The history and statistics of the railroads of the United States; and Mexico under Maximilian. He died in Camden, N. J., Dec. 12, 1868.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gwin, William McKendree 1805-1885 (search)
sed of disloyalty, arrested, and imprisoned till 1863, when he was released. He interested the Emperor of France in a plan to colonize Sonora, Mexico, with Confederates. It is alleged that the French minister of foreign affairs encouraged him to draft a scheme for the colony, which, after meeting the approbation of the Emperor, was given into the hands of Emperor Maximilian. After the latter had been in Mexico two years, Dr. Gwin also went there, but received no promises of support from Maximilian in his colonization plans. Returning to France in 1865 he again laid the matter before Napoleon, at whose solicitation he returned to Mexico with orders to Marshal Bazaine to provide whatever force was necessary to make his plans successful. Dr. Gwin, however, received no encouragement and returned to California. He engaged actively in politics, and in 1876 supported Samuel J. Tilden for President. He was for many years known as Duke Gwin, of Sonora. He died in New York City, Sept.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Maximilian, Ferdinand Joseph 1832- (search)
Maximilian, Ferdinand Joseph 1832- Archduke of Austria and Emperor of Mexico; born in Vienna, July 6, 1832, and, having entered the naval service, was made rearadmiral and chief of the Austrian navy in 1854. In 1857 he was made governor of the tal, and, with his followers, declared by the new Emperor to be an outlaw and usurper, made such strong resistance that Maximilian had to struggle for his throne from the very beginning. When the American Civil War was ended, Napoleon was given to u of the United States. The Emperor of the French acted upon this hint. He suggested the propriety of the abdication of Maximilian, but the latter would not consent, for he relied upon French arms to sustain him. His wife went to Europe to have an inpe, but the boon was refused, and her mind gave way under the pressure of her anxiety. Napoleon perfidiously abandoned Maximilian by withdrawing his troops, and left the latter to his fate, who, after struggling for a while to maintain his power, wa
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Republic of Mexico, (search)
gan to rebuild the city of Mexico on its present plan while he was governor, and it remained in possession of the Spanish government until 1821, or just 300 years. After years of revolutionary movements the Spanish province of Mexico was declared independent, Feb. 24, 1821, with Don Augustin Iturbide, a native of Mexico, at the head of the government as a republic. He afterwards became emperor. In 1836 it lost the fine province of Texas by revolution, and ten years afterwards that portion of ancient Mexico was annexed to the United States. In 1864 Napoleon III. placed Ferdinand Maximilian (q. v.), archduke of Austria, on a throne in Mexico, with the title of emperor. Juarez, the deposed President of the republic, struggled for power with the troops of the usurper, and succeeded. The Emperor of the French withdrew his troops and National Palace, City of Mexico. abandoned Maximilian, who was captured early in 1867, and was shot on June 19. The republic was re-established.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Salm-Salm, Prince Felix 1828- (search)
served throughout the Civil War; brevetted brigadier-general of volunteers, April 15, 1865; served in Mexico under Emperor Maximilian, to whom he was an aide-de-camp; and was captured at Queretaro. He returned to Europe after the execution of Maximilian; rejoined the Prussian army; and was killed in the battle of Gravelotte, near Metz, Alsace, Aug. 13, 1870. His wife, Agnes Leclerq, born in Baltimore, Md., in 1842; educated in Philadelphia, Pa.; married the prince Aug. 30, 1862: accompaniedhim through all his military campaigns in the South, where she performed useful service in field-hospitals. After the capture of her husband at Queretaro she rode to San Luis Potosi and vainly besought President Juarez to secure the freedom of Maximilian and her Husband. She raised a hospital brigade with which she did much good in the Franco-Prussian War. She visited America in 1900 for the purpose of presenting the old battle-flags to the survivors of her husband's regiment, which had been i
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
antic telegraph completed......July 27, 1866 Act increasing and fixing the military peace establishment......July 28, 1866 First session adjourns......July 28, 1866 Race riot in New Orleans, many negroes killed......July 30, 1866 National Union Convention of Conservatives in Philadelphia; Senator James R. Doolittle, president......Aug. 14, 1866 This convention adopts a declaration of principles vindicating the President......Aug. 17, 1866 President proclaims the decree of Maximilian, July 9, 1866, closing Matamoras and other Mexican ports, null and void as against the United States......Aug. 17, 1866 Insurrection in Texas at an end by proclamation of the President......Aug. 20, 1866 President Johnson visits Philadelphia, New York, Chicago, etc., speaking in favor of his policy and against Congress......Aug. 24–Sept. 18, 1866 [In this journey, then popularly known as swinging around the circle, the President was accompanied by Secretary Seward, Secretary Wel