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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3. 141 1 Browse Search
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4 38 0 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 2 0 Browse Search
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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., East Tennessee and the campaign of Perryville. (search)
haps even to penetrate Georgia; and the remainder of the force was sent to strengthen General Curtis in Arkansas. Thus the Army of the Ohio was the only army in the West that was assigned to an aggressive campaign. The occupation of east Tennessee had from the first been a favorite measure with the President, apparently more from political than from military considerations. It had at one time been enjoined upon my predecessors in specific orders, and was urged upon my attention by General McClellan in the instructions with which I came to Kentucky. Some abortive steps had been taken in that direction by General Sherman before my arrival, but various causes, which need not here be enumerated, compelled its postponement then and afterward,--especially the inexpediency of the attempt upon military grounds under the circumstances, and finally the drift of events, which carried the bulk of the army to Shiloh and Corinth. A general view of the theater of war, and a consideration of t
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., The battle of Fredericksburg. (search)
II, Sharpsburg, but the movements that resulted in the battle of Fredericksburg began to take shape when on the 5th of November the order was issued removing General McClellan from command of the Federal forces. The order assigning General Burnside to command was received at General Lee's headquarters, then at Culpeper Court House, about twenty-four hours after it reached Warrenton, though not through official courtesy. General Lee, on receiving the news, said he regretted to part with McClellan, for, he added, we always understood each other so well. I fear they may continue to make these changes till they find some one whom I don't understand. The s the move about which we felt serious apprehension, and we were occupying our minds with plans to meet it when the move toward Fredericksburg was reported. General McClellan, in his report of August 4th, 1863, speaks of this move as that upon which he was studying when the order for Burnside's assignment to command reached him.
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., The removal of McClellan. (search)
d the first crisis. On the 1st of September McClellan found himself a general without an army. Onck an order, which never became known to General McClellan, to organize an army for active operatio private letter dated October 2d, printed in McClellan's own story (p. 654). His [the Presidents] ofound tersely expressed in his letter to General McClellan, dated October 13th, 1862, printed on p. The Official Records show that at this time McClellan's effective force was about 145,000, Lee's ag order: It is virtually certain that General McClellan never saw this order, which, in the formthese two officers proceeded together to General McClellan's tent. McClellan says: McClellan's McClellan says: McClellan's own story, pp. 652, 653. I at once [when he heard of Buckingham's arrival] suspected that he de's request; but there the execution of General McClellan's plans stopped. Burnside turned to ther of Fredericksburg followed. On the 10th McClellan bade farewell to the Army of the Potomac. A[21 more...]
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., chapter 2.15 (search)
ning of October 15th, 1862, a few days after McClellan had placed me in command of the Second Corpsn, as directed. About 10 in the morning General McClellan reined up at my headquarters and asked ms on a ledge of rocks. After a little while McClellan sent to an aide for a map of Virginia. Spreoln say: With all his failings as a soldier, McClellan is a pleasant and scholarly gentleman. He ihis staff, accompanied by General Burnside. McClellan drew in his horse, and the first thing he sate you. Burnside heard what I said to General McClellan; he turned away his head, and made a broility to command the Army of the Potomac. McClellan took leave on the 10th. Fitz John Porter seto the corps commanders, informing them that McClellan was going away, and suggesting that we ride 4.] I think the soldiers had an idea that McClellan would take care of them,--would not put themFrench's and Hancock's men. Lieutenant-Colonel Carswell McClellan, Assistant Adjutant-General, s[6 more...]
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., chapter 2.20 (search)
Franklin's left Grand division. by William Farrar Smith, Brevet Major-General, U. S. A. When General Burnside assumed the command of the Army of the Potomac on the 9th of November, 1862, he gave up the immense strategic advantage which McClellan had gained, and led the army to Falmouth on the Rappahannock River, opposite the city of Fredericksburg. A few days after his arrival on the Rappahannock he called a council of war. It was a conference rather than a council, for he stated that he called the generals together to make known something of his plans, and not to put any question before them for decision. The grand division commanders, Sumner, Franklin, and Hooker, were present, and also, I think, the corps commanders. I was present as commander of the Sixth Army Corps. The entire army was massed within a few miles of Falmouth, and the first object was to cross the river in our front, and gain a fair field for a battle. From the same ground Hooker afterward marched north
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., The opposing forces at Fredericksburg, Va. (search)
of each army as here stated give the gist of all the data obtainable in the Official Records. K stands for killed; w for wounded; m w for mortally wounded; m for captured or missing; c for captured. The Union army. Army of the Potomac.--Major-General Ambrose E. Burnside. Escort, etc.: Oneida (N. Y.) Cav., Capt. Daniel P. Mann; 1st U. S. Cav. (detachment), Capt. Marcus A. Reno; A and E, 4th U. S. Cav., Capt. James B. McIntyre. Provost Guard, Brig.-Gen. Marsena R. Patrick: A and B, McClellan (Ill.) Dragoons, Capts. George W. Shears and David C. Brown; G, 9th N. Y., Capt. Charles Child; 93d N. Y., Col. John S. Crocker; 2d U. S. Cav., Maj. Charles J. Whiting; 8th U. S., Capt. Royal T. Frank. Volunteer Engineer Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Daniel P. Woodbury: 15th N. Y., Maj. James A. Magruder; 50th N. Y., Maj. Ira Spaulding. Brigade loss: k, 8; w, 48 == 56. Battalion U. S. Engineers, Lieut. Charles E. Cross. Loss: w, 1; m, 2 == 3. artillery, Brig.-Gen. Henry J. Hunt. Artillery Reser
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., A bit of partisan service. (search)
th his prizes to camp, but I was there almost as soon as he was. In the month of February, 1863, Brigadier-General E. H. Stoughton was in command of the troops in front of Washington, with his headquarters at Fairfax Court House. There was a considerable body also at Centreville, and a cavalry brigade was encamped on the pike leading from that place to Fairfax Court House, under command of Colonel Percy Wyndham. Stoughton was a West Point officer, and had served with distinction under McClellan on the Peninsula. Wyndham was an Englishman serving as Colonel of the 1st New Jersey Cavalry. The year before he had started up the Shenandoah Valley to bag Ashby, but the performance did not come up to the manifesto; in their first encounter Ashby bagged him. He was now given a chance to redeem his reputation. My attacks on his lines had been incessant and very annoying. He struck blindly around like the Cyclops in his cave, but nobody was hurt. The methodical tactics he had learned
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., Hooker's appointment and removal. (search)
considered as a probability. Though stung by the loud call that went up for McClellan from the army that had twice met disaster after parting with him, the cabinet were not shaken in the conclusion that McClellan must not be restored, for the jocund Seward, equally with the patient Lincoln, drew the line at a military dictatorral Halleck and Secretary Stanton favored the transfer of Rosecrans, for whom McClellan might be expected to say a good word to supplement his inherent strength as ae ) and his freedom from suspicion of undue attachment to the fortunes of General McClellan, pointed him out as the man for the occasion by the unerring processes ofto take over the command without being sent for by the commanding general, as McClellan had sent for Burnside Meade was mistaken in thinking that McClellan had seMcClellan had sent for Burnside when the command was turned over to him.--C. F. B. and Burnside for Hooker. Meade proposed to Hardie that he should telegraph to Stanton to be relie
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., Lee's invasion of Pennsylvania. (search)
fayette McLaws, against whom was the objection that they were not Virginians. General D. H. Hill was the superior of General A. P. Hill in rank, skill, judgment, and distin-guished services. He had served with the army in Virginia, on the Peninsula in the battles of Williamsburg, Seven Pines, and the Seven Days battles around Richmond. In the Maryland campaign he made the battle of South Mountain alone from morning till late in the afternoon, with five thousand against a large part of McClellan's army. [See foot-note, Vol. II., p. 578.] He also bore the brunt of the battle of Sharpsburg. He came, however, not from Virginia but from North Carolina, and had just been detailed for service in that State. Next in rank after General D. H. Hill was General Lafayette McLaws, who had served with us continuously from the Peninsular campaign. His attack on Maryland Heights in the campaign of 1862 was the crowning point in the capture of Harper's Ferry with its garrison and supplies.
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., chapter 4.42 (search)
proaching me, inquired if the reports just received were true. On asking what he referred to, he replied that twice word had been passed along the line that General McClellan had been assigned to the command of the army, and the second time it was added that he was on the way to the field and might soon be expected. He continued, He says: We arrived at Hanover, Pennsylvania, on the afternoon of July 1st. . . . An aide-de-camp came riding along, saying, Boys, keep up good courage, McClellan is in command of the army again. Instantly the space above was filled with the hats and caps of the gratified soldiers. . . . I knew this was untrue myself, butgeneral officers to draw on the same source. Here, perhaps, I may be allowed to say en passant that this large reserve, organized by the wise forethought of General McClellan, sometimes threatened with destruction, and once actually broken up, was often, General G. K. Warren at the signal Station on Little Round Top. From a ske
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