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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 18. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 2 (search)
ers—another reminder, and not an agreeable one, either, of the presence of our armed adversaries. We are now very close to the enemy. We are at the foot of the hill upon the table-ground of which stand the Crew house and other buildings and McClellan's army awaiting our assault-so close that we feel the vibrations of the earth at each discharge of the Federal guns. Not three hundred yards intervene between us and these guns, the slope of the hill, however, perfectly protecting us, we beingarate and distinct charges—but were compelled to fall back for the double reason of not being supported on the left and the heavy reinforcements coming up to the support of the enemy. Let us see what is stated by the Federal officers: General McClellan says: When the battle commenced in the afternoon I saw that in the faces and bearing of the men which satisfied me that we were sure of victory. The attack was made upon our left and left center, and the brunt of it was borne by Po
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 18. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 3 (search)
roximate the place of Lee in the Pantheon of the great. As a soldier he must yield precedence to Alexander, and Caesar, and Frederick, and Napoleon; but he was nevertheless a great captain, and as an accomplished English critic has written, In strategy mighty, in battle terrible, in adversity, as in prosperity, a hero, indeed. The bloody battles before Richmond, when, like a lion springing from his lair, he took the offensive, and hurling his army like a thunder-bolt on the legion of McClellan, he defeated him at Cold Harbor and drove him to refuge at Harrison's Landing, proves the truth of this. Sharpsburg proves it, and that brilliant campaign in which he outgeneralled Pope and, shattering his forces at second Manassas, compelled him to seek safety behind the fortifications of Washington, proves it. Fredericksburg and Burnside bear witness to its truth. Chancellorsville and Hooker corroborate it, and Gettysburg, immortal now by the charge of Pickett's brave Virginians, twin
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 18. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 4 (search)
nt from Patterson's front to Beauregard's support secured victory at Manassas. During the next eight months his bold countenance concealed his paralyzing inferiority of numbers and resources, and held in inglorious inactivity the grand army of McClellan. Quickly changing his line of operations to confront the Federal army in its advance upon the Peninsula he now illustrated that distinguishing quality of his genius which led him always—even at the cost of distrust and reproach—to sacrifice everything subordinate and unessential to bring about the substantial and necessary conditions of decisive military success. He withdrew his army skilfully from a faulty position to bring McClellan to battle at a distance from his base, where, after the concentration of all our resources, a Confederate victory might determine the issue of the campaign. In the act to win the rich prize of his strategy he was stricken down at the head of his columns at Seven Pines by two severe wounds—always<
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 18. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 6 (search)
d to whom the General was so attached, and upon one occasion said: Armistead is one of the bravest and truest soldiers I ever saw. Your correspondent has fortunately obtained the following account from Mr. Armistead of that memorable day: Farmville, Va., March 28, 1891. A memorable day. General Johnston having removed his headquarters from a position on the River road, 29th May, 1862, to a position on the Nine-Mile road several miles east of Richmond, and having decided to attack McClellan after the heavy rain of the evening and fore-part of the night of that day, called for couriers to carry dispatches to his corps and division commanders. The couriers detailed declared themselves entirely unacquainted with that section of the country, and the impossibility of finding the way anywhere on such a terribly dark night. I offered my services, which were accepted. General Johnston called me in his office and gave me instructions, pointing out on the map where I would find Gen
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 18. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Memorial services in Memphis Tenn., March 31, 1891. (search)
eral Joseph E. Johnston, I have been requested to preside over these memorial exercises. As the epoch of the war recedes into history, the matchless spirits who guided the contending armies are passing away. Lincoln, Grant, Sherman, Sheridan, McClellan, Hancock, Meade, Thomas, Logan, Farragut and Porter; Davis, Lee, Bragg, Hood, Forrest, Cheatham, Price and Semmes have all passed the mysterious border which divides time from eternity, and are resting with the spirits of Albert Sydney Johnston but assumed responsibility in charge of the battle then about to be fought. He then commanded the consolidated forces, designated as the Army of the Potomac, and held the position at Manassas Junction till the spring of 1862, when finding General McClellan about to advance, he withdrew to the defensive line of the Rappahannock. He fought the battle of Seven Pines, May 31, 1862, in which he was wounded and incapacitated for duty until the following autumn. Appointed a Brigadier-General.
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 18. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 9 (search)
where the fall and winter months were spent without graver duties than occasional reconnoissances to and from Norfolk. McClellan's army was now near Washington, confronted by that of General Joe Johnston, while the public mind of the North was becoew the cry of On to Richmond! which had been so popular before the inglorious defeat of the Federal army at Manassas. McClellan, unable to resist this clamor, determined to endeavor to reach the Confederate capital by way of the lower Chesapeake, and on transports transferred his army to the Peninsular and sat down before Yorktown. It is estimated that McClellan at this time had an army of not less than one hundred and twenty thousand men fit for duty. This force was to be confronted and damseur saw his first active service in the field, and received the promotion of Major. On the arrival of the forces of McClellan a campaign of maneuvering commenced which delayed the advance for over a month. In the meantime, Ramseur had been elec
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 18. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 11 (search)
ur people encamped upon the field; our youth, mature manhood, and age with lengthening shadows, all were there. And from home, woman—the best comfort of our imperfect condition—inspired us by her faith and trust in the justice of God and the righteousness of our cause. It was the tempestuous march of a principle as old as the government and as irrepressible as thought. Of such men were made the squadrons which under Stuart, who deserves to take rank with Kellerman, forced the circuit of McClellan's army while he thundered at the gates of Richmond and scored the first great ride of the war. Of such were composed the battalions which under Jackson, who received his death wound a score of years ago in the tangled growth at Chancellorsville, about the exultant hour of victory, made the first great march of the war in the shadow of South mountain by the waters of the Shenandoah, and hurled the forces of the Government from the Valley. With these citizens Buchanan drove the beak of t
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 18. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 17 (search)
federate forces available for action during the entire war did not exceed six hundred thousand soldiers, of whom there were not more than two hundred thousand arms-bearing men at any one time, and when the war closed half that number covered the whole effective force of all arms in all quarters of the Confederacy. Besides the disparity in the land forces there was the Federal navy, the gunboats and the ironclads, without which many believe Grant's army would have been lost at Shiloh and McClellan's on the Peninsula. When the Union army was dissolved four hundred thousand more men were borne upon its rolls than the estimated number of available enlistments in the Southern army from the spring of 1861 to the spring of 1865, and during that time there had been two hundred and seventy thousand Federal prisoners captured. But this enumeration need not be extended. The battle-fields, which are the burying grounds of our unreturning dead, attest the resolution of the weaker side, a
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 18. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Monument to the Confederate dead at Fredericksburg, Virginia, unveiled June 10, 1891. (search)
ng up the South. They are right, because they themselves developed and made necessary the qualities in the South which are accomplishing these results. Their war, their reconstruction, their effort to subvert society and put the bottom rail on top, have welded us into a solid mass and aroused energies unknown that will beat them in the struggle for material development and ideas that will govern this Republic as long as it lasts. But we are in greater danger now than we ever were from McClellan or Hooker, Pope or Grant. Material development is progressing with constantly accelerating force. Wealth is accumulating. Booms, plutocracy, worship of money, are all impressing the doctrine that the end justifies the means, and that success is the highest duty, and our danger is that the very civilization of industrialism which we spent so much blood and so many lives to resist may at last overwhelm the institutions of our ancestors and the principles which we have inherited. But
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 18. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Index. (search)
Lookout., 97. Long, Gen. A. L., Death of, 81. Lovenstein, Hon., Wm., 364. McCabe, Capt., W. Gordon, Addresses by, 22, 35, 37, 153. McGuire, Dr., Hunter, 249. Mcllvane, Bishop C. P., 371. McKinney, Gov. P. W., Address of, 142. McMaster, Col. F. W., 36 McRae. Gen. Wm., 325. Mahone's Brigade, 3, 4; time of charge of, at the Crater, 33, 61. Malvern Hill, Battle of, account of by Geo. S. Bernard, 56; Gen. McGruder's, 58, 62; Gen. Lee's, 62: Gen. F. J. Porter on, 64; Gen. McClellan, 65; Gen. Couch, 66; Gen. Early, 69. Manship, Mrs., Luther, her Sentinel Song, 312. Marshall, Col. Charles, his contributions to history, 73 Marshall, Col. Thos.. Death of, 282. Marshall, Thos. F., Biographical sketch of by Henry M. Rowley, 39; his plea for temperance, 41; intellectual powers of, 44; his eulogy of R. H. Menefee, 46; his wit, 48; his idea of oratory, 50. Maryland. Invasion of, 83. Maury, Gen. D. H., His Reminiscences of Gen. J. E. Johnston, 171; mentioned,