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s were more precise than they usually are; but, wherever dates were accessible, I have given them, even though invested with no special or obvious consequence. Printed mainly as foot-notes, they consume little space, and do not interrupt the flow of the narrative. The reader who does not value need not heed them; while the critical student will often find them of decided use. Should any one demur to this, I urge him to examine thoughtfully the dates of the dispatches received and sent by McClellan between his retreat to Harrison's bar and Pope's defeat at Groveton; also, those given in my account of his movements from the hour of his arrival at Frederick to that of Lee's retreat from Sharpsburg across the Potomac. I trust it will be observed by candid critics that, while I seek not to disguise the fact that I honor and esteem some of our commanders as I do not others, I have been blind neither to the errors of the former nor to the just claims of the latter — that my high estimat
of Price's men were clandestinely sent home to enlist recruits and organize guerrilla bands for activity during the summer. Schofield persisted in enrolling and organizing militia until he had 50,900 men on his lists, of whom about 30,000 were armed. Upon full consideration, he decided to enroll only loyal men, since passive were often converted into active Rebels by a requirement to serve in the Union forces. He had 20,000 men ready for service, when, late in July, 1862, the tidings of McClellan's disastrous failure before Richmond combined with other influences to fill the interior of the State with formidable bands of Rebel partisans. Of these, Col. Porter's, two or three thousand strong, was attacked Aug 6, 1862. at Kirksville, Adair County, by Col. John McNeil, with 1,000 cavalry and a battery of 6 guns, and, after a desperate fight of four hours, utterly defeated, with a loss of 180 killed and 500 wounded. Several wagon-loads of arms were among the spoils of victory, and
. This undertaking involved fitful collisions with the general efforts then being made by the authorities of all the States to raise troops for service under Gen. McClellan; and Gen. B. was peculiarly unfortunate in thus colliding with Gov. Andrew, of Massachusetts, from which State he naturally expected the larger number of his mplated. It was finally decided, in a conference between Secretary Stanton and Gen. Butler, that a resolute attempt should be made on New Orleans; and though Gen. McClellan, when requested to give his opinion of the feasibility of the enterprise, reported that it could not be prudently undertaken with a less force than 50,000 menber, 2,200 being already on ship-board, beside 2,000, under Phelps, at the Island. Three excellent Western regiments were finally spared him from Baltimore by Gen. McClellan. swelling his force on paper to 14,400 infantry, 580 artillery, 275 cavalry; total, 15,255 men, to which it was calculated that Key West might temporarily ad
VI. Virginia — McClellan's advance. Obstinate delays the routes to Richmond battle orecovery of Norfolk strength of our armies McClellan's Complaints fight at McDowell Jackson surmovement, throughout the Winter of 1861-2. Gen. McClellan, who, from his comfortable house in Washinatteries which annoyed passing vessels. Gen. McClellan's Report. Gen. M. had been previously urgeter of even date, to the Secretary of War, Gen. McClellan urges the strength of the Rebel position aepartment, consisting of the country between McClellan's and Halleck's, to be commanded by Gen. Fre. Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War. Gen. McClellan hereupon ordered Gen. Banks, with his corpble for the defense of a line of 13 miles. Gen. McClellan says his information placed Magruder's comattles to fight before reaching Richmond. G. B. McClellan, Maj.-Gen. Commanding. headquarterszvous. I am confident as to results now. G. B. McClellan, Maj.-General. All this promise ended[17 more...]
s to remain in statu quo. With great difficulty, a division of infantry has been crossed this morning to support the troops on the other side, should the enemy renew attack. I felt obliged to do this, although it leaves us rather weak here. G. B. Mcclellan, Major-General Commanding. Hon. E. M. Stanto, Secretary of War. Gen. J. G. Barnard, chief engineer, in his report of tie campaign, says: The repulse of the Rebels at Fair Oaks should have been taken advantage of. It was one of thrnment has not sustained this army. If you do not do so now, the game is lost. If I save this army now, I tell you plainly that I owe no thanks to you, or to any other persons in Washington. You have done your best to sacrifice this army. G. B. McClellan, Maj.-Gen. To Hon. E. M. Stanton, Secretary of War. To these reproachful missives, the President thus responded: Washington, June 28, 1862. Save your army at all events. Will send reenforcements as fast as we can. Of course, th
llowing as rapidly as the men can move. George B. McClellan, Major-Gen. McClellan seems here to with Lee's order of the 9th before him? McClellan states his losses in this affair at 312 killf covering at once Washington and Baltimore, McClellan moved slowly, indeed; but only a great militsubtler, and more leisurely existence. Gen. McClellan, at 3 A. M. of the 15th, was aware — for ho more than an aggregate of 70,000 men. Gen. McClellan makes his entire loss in this battle 12,46ing that he was not pursued nor imperiled by McClellan, he dispatched Oct. 10. Stuart, with 1,80edly as he came, he made a second circuit of McClellan's army, recrossing without loss into Virginia at White's Ford, below Harper's Ferry. McClellan, hearing he had gone on this raid, felt entirel renewal of the old game of cross-purposes — McClellan calling loudly and frequently for reenforcemllets and by over-work. Halleck states that McClellan's army had 31,000 horses on the 14th of Octo[21 more...]<
some 45,000 men, organized in three corps, under Hardee, Bishop Polk, and Kirby Smith respectively, whereof the last was sent to Knoxville, while the two former sufficed to hold Chattanooga against any effort which Buell was likely to make. McClellan's Richmond campaign having proved abortive, while conscription had largely replenished the Rebel ranks, Bragg was impelled to try a bold stroke for the recovery of Tennessee and the liberation of Kentucky. As with Lee's kindred advance into Ma while the Rebel cavalry galloped at will over the plenteous central districts of the State, collecting large quantities of cattle and hogs not only, but of serviceable fabrics and other manufactures as well. Buell's delays, synchronizing with McClellan's lost, were so distasteful at Washington, that an order relieving him from command was issued; but its execution was suspended on the emphatic remonstrance of his subordinate commanders. The hint being a pretty strong one, Buell set his face
meron his report revised by President Lincoln Seward to McClellan Gen. Burnside Gen. Buell Gen. Hooker Gen. Sickles GeCol. Anthony Gen. Hanter overruled by the President Gen. McClellan on the negro Horace Greeley to Lincoln the response slaves as if the latter had no modem existence; while Gen. McClellan, on making a like advance into Western Virginia, issueepartment of State, Washington, Dec. 4, 1861. To Maj.-Gen. Geo. B. Mcclellan: General: I am directed by the President to c of State. Contrary to a very general impression, Gen. McClellan was among the first not only to perceive, but to asserrtinent suggestions, it is impossible not to feel that Gen. McClellan's naturally fair though not brilliant mind was subjectry. Very respectfully, Your obedient servant, George B. McClellan, Maj.-Gen. Commanding. His Excellency A. Lincoln, Pement of the War and of the Finances, the treatment of Gen. McClellan, and the general inefficiency and incapacity of the Ad
nd with unfeigned self-distrust, succeeded Nov. 8, 1862. to the command of the Army of the Potomac. The devotion to McClellan of its principal officers, and of many of their subordinates, was so ardent that any other commander must have had a postill more,in seeking to repeat that assault after the bloody, calamitous experience of the 13th--and the popularity of McClellan was immensely strengthened and widened by that disastrous repulse. Whatever his faults, Little Mac had ever been carefhe choice of a commander at any time during the month following our withdrawal from Fredericksburg, it is probable that McClellan would have had a decisive majority, and morally certain that Burnside's supporters would have proved a still more indubad, before their close, an army equal in numbers and efficiency to any ever seen on this continent, except that which Gen. McClellan commanded during the first three months of 1861. Its infantry was nearly, if not quite, 100,000 strong ; its artille
the means at my disposal, and earnestly request that I may at once be relieved from the position I occupy. Joseph Hooker, Major-General. Halleck had never regarded Hooker as the proper commander of this army; had prevented his selection as McClellan's immediate successor; had reluctantly assented to his designation after Burnside's collapse; had been strengthened in his conviction of Hooker's unfitness by the Chancellorsville failure; and now, very naturally, improved his opportunity. The? Answer: I think so. I do not know as it would be proper for me to state here the terms we use in the army. However, we say there is too much Copperheadism in it. This is so for different reasons: with some, there is a desire to raise up Gen. McClellan; with others, there is a dislike to some of the measures of the Government; they do not like the way the Negro question is handled. And, again, the impression is made upon my mind that there are some who have no faith in this war, who have n
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