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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 17 1 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Medicine and Surgery in the United States. (search)
h College established1798 First general quarantine act passes CongressFeb. 23, 1799 First vaccination in United States performed by Benjamin Waterhouse, professor in Harvard College, on his four childrenJuly, 1800 First vaccine institute in the United States organized by James Smith in Baltimore, Md1802 American Dispensatory published by John Redman Coxe1806 Ovariotomy performed incidentally by Robert Houston in Glasgow (1701) and by L'Aumonier, in Rouen (1781), is performed by Ephraim McDowell, of Kentucky1809 United States vaccine agency established by Congress (discontinued in 1822)1813 Work on Therapeutics and Materia Medical, the first in the United States and best in the English language at that time, published by Nathaniel Chapman1817 John Syng Dorsey, of Philadelphia, author of Elements of Surgery (1814), and first surgeon to tie the external iliac artery, died (aged 35)1818 New York Eye and Ear Infirmary founded1820 Pennsylvania Eye and Ear Infirmary, Philadelphi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Patterson, Robert 1792-1881 (search)
gely interested in manufactures. Commissioned major-general of volunteers when the war with Mexico broke out, he took an active part in the campaign under Scott from Robert Patterson. Vera Cruz to the city of Mexico. When the Civil War broke out, he was placed in command of a division of three months men, and was assigned to a military department composed of the States of Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Maryland, and the District of Columbia. In command of troops watching the forces under the Confederate General Johnston at Winchester, Va., the failure of General Scott to send him orders for which he had been positively directed to wait, caused him to fail to co-operate with McDowell in his movements that resulted in the battle of Bull Run (q. v.). For this failure he was unjustly dismissed from the service, and he was under a cloud for some time. Documentary evidence finally exonerated him from all blame. He did not re-enter the service. He died in Philadelphia, Pa., Aug. 7, 1881.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Peninsular campaign, (search)
s MonroeMarch 17, 1862 Headquarters of the Army of the Potomac transferred to vicinity of Fortress MonroeApril 1, 1862 McDowell's corps detached from the ArmyApril 4, 1862 Yorktown and its line of defence, about 13 miles in length, occupied by 11,2 McClellan's headquarters established at the White House (belonging to Mrs. Robt. E. Lee) on the PamunkeyMay 16, 1862 McDowell, with a corps of 40,000 men and 100 pieces of artillery, instructed to co-operate with the Army of the Potomac advancinge National forces in northern Virginia at this time were: Banks, 20,000, Milroy and Schenck, 6,000, Fremont, 10,000, and McDowell's corps at Fredericksburg, 40,000. Jackson suc- ceeds, and McDowell is retained to defend Washington by an order isMcDowell is retained to defend Washington by an order issued [This order saved the Confederate capital.]May 24, 1862 Jackson drives Banks out of Winchester (see cross Keys, action at)May 25, 1862 Hanover Court-houseMay 27, 1862 [Fitz-John Porter, with a corps of 12,000 men, is ordered by McClellan to d
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Slocum, Henry Warner 1827-1894 (search)
Slocum, Henry Warner 1827-1894 Military officer; born in Delphi, N. Y., Sept. 24, 1827; graduated at West Point in 1852; resigned in 1856, and settled in Syracuse as a lawyer. Early in the Civil War he was commissioned colonel of 27th New York Volunteers; joined McDowell's troops, and took part in the battle of Bull Run, where he was shot through the thigh. He was made brigadier-general of volunteers in August, 1861, and commanded a brigade in Franklin's division. He served with distinction in the campaign on the Peninsula, in 1862, and on July 4, 1862, he was promoted major-general. In the battle of Groveton (or second battle of Bull Run), at South Mountain, and Antietam, he was signally active, and in October, 1862, was assigned to the command of the 12th Corps, which he led at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg. At the latter he commanded the right wing of Meade's army. From September, 1863, to April, 1864, he guarded the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Tyler, Daniel 1799-1882 (search)
Tyler, Daniel 1799-1882 Military officer; born in Brooklyn, Conn., Jan. 7, 1799; graduated at West Point in 1819. In 1828-29 he visited France to study improvements in artillery; and in May, 1834, he resigned and practised civil engineering. At the breaking out of the Civil War he became colonel of the 1st Connecticut Volunteers, and soon afterwards brigadier-general of three months troops. Next in rank to General McDowell, he was second in command in the battle of Bull Run. In March, 1862, he was ordered to the West, and commanded a division of the Army of the Mississippi. Afterwards he was employed in guarding the Upper Potomac. When the Confederate army invaded Maryland, in 1863, he was in command at Harper's Ferry. General Tyler resigned April 6, 1864. He died in New York City, Nov. 30, 1882. Tyler, John
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Kansas, (search)
..July 4, 1806 Aaron Burr appears in court at Frankfort under process served by Col. Joseph Hamilton Daviess, United States attorney, to answer high misdemeanor in organizing within the United States a military expedition against Mexico. Burr is acquitted......Dec. 2, 1806 [A few days later his acquittal was celebrated by a ball at Frankfort.] Jefferson Davis born in Christian county......June 3, 1808 Abraham Lincoln born in Hardin (now Larue) county......Feb. 12, 1809 Dr. Ephraim McDowell, the father of ovariotomy, successfully performs the first in the world, at Danville......1809 Mammoth Cave discovered......1809 Lottery authorized to raise $10,000 for the improvement of the navigation of the Kentucky River......Jan. 10, 1811 Henry Clay, speaker of the House of Representatives......Nov. 4, 1811 Colonel Owen and Joseph H. Daviess, of Kentucky, killed in action at the battle of Tippecanoe......Nov. 7. 1811 Six prominent citizens of Frankfort authorized t