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Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 2: birth.-career as officer of Engineers, United States army. (search)
General Taylor and afterward on the staff of General Patterson at Vera Cruz. There too was George B. Mc-Clellan, twenty-one years old, as an engineer officer, who received brevets as first lieutenant and captain for his bravery in battle. Irvin McDowell, who afterward became first commander of the Army of the Potomac, was aid-de-camp to General John E. Wool. George H. Thomas was second lieutenant, Third Artillery, and was brevetted three times for gallantry; Joseph Hooker was assistant adjutery; and Daniel H. Hill, Jubal Early, and many others who afterward became famous. Little did these young fellows, who marched, bivouacked, fought, and bled side by side on the burning sands of old Mexico, imagine that in less than two decades McDowell would be training his guns on Johnston and Beauregard at first Manassas, while McClellan, Pope, Burnside, Hooker, Meade, and Grant would each in turn test the prowess of Lee; nor did their old commander, Scott, dream he was training these young
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 5: invasion of Virginia. (search)
epartment of Virginia was created, and General Irvin McDowell was selected by the Washington Cabinetd irritated that the Cabinet should have sent McDowell into Virginia, and sent him two messages by ht would have been unanimously adopted. Irvin McDowell, the commander selected to lead the Federaed brigadier general in 1861. At this period McDowell was about forty-three years of age, a capable celerity apparently, for on the 24th of June McDowell had twenty regiments of infantry, aggregatingal army should move against Manassas, and General McDowell was requested to submit a plan of operatie to the enemy by turning their right flank. McDowell exacted two conditions: One that he should be a sufficient force to cope successfully with McDowell. He put away personal ambition, and had no tnfederates had nineteen companies of cavalry, McDowell seventeen. In neither army at that time was d send him re-enforcements. The defeat of McDowell's army not being fully utilized by the Confed[1 more...]
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 6: the campaign in West Virginia. (search)
Garnett's force at ten thousand, beginning at this time a habit of multiplying the number of his enemy by two, which he never afterward abandoned. The success of the campaign, however, had a marked effect upon his future. General Scott telegraphed: The General in Chief, the Cabinet, the President, are charmed with your activity and valor. We do not doubt that you will in due time sweep the rebels from western Virginia, but we do not mean to precipitate you, as you are fast enough. After McDowell's defeat at Manassas, McClellan was selected to command the defenses at Washington, and the day after that battle, while at Beverly, was informed by Adjutant-General Thomas, at Washington, that his presence there without delay was necessary. General William S. Rosecrans succeeded him. On July 28th McClellan assumed command of the Department of Northeastern Virginia and of Washington. Being necessary to select another commanding officer for the Southern troops in Northwest Virginia, G
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 7: Atlantic coast defenses.-assigned to duty in Richmond as commander in chief under the direction of the Southern President. (search)
ion for a movement similar to the one made by McDowell. The difficulties in the way at the time fors to return to Washington. With the corps of McDowell's added to McClellan's great army the fall ofo enemy directly threatening Washington then, McDowell wisely marched to Fredericksburg. He was welburg and Richmond, with the object of holding McDowell in check as well as he could with such an infn he received word from Stuart's cavalry that McDowell, after starting from Fredericksburg, had counin the Valley of Virginia was responsible for McDowell's change of direction. Thomas Jonathan Jaurg and Richmond, attack and possibly destroy McDowell, then at Fredericksburg. Banks had some twend consternation at the Federal capital. General McDowell, who had commenced his march from Frederikson's rear and capture him. McClellan wanted McDowell badly, and McDowell desired to go to his suppcapture by Jackson, and that moving a part of McDowell's troops to the Shenandoah Valley would not s[8 more...]
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 8: commands the army defending Richmond, and seven days battles. (search)
ed proper, timely, and judicious! Lee's object was to render the diversion of McDowell from McClellan's army more decided by re-enforcing the commander whose victoridivisions on its right bank. The strategy was a repetition of that adopted by McDowell at the first Manassas, and afterward by Lee at Chancellorsville. After A. P. rts placed Jackson at Port Republic, Harrisonburg, and Luray, and that neither McDowell, who was at Manassas, nor Banks and Fremont, who were at Middletown, appear tofficers to fill these two important places. The forces of Fremont, Banks, and McDowell were united into what was termed the Army of Virginia, and its command was assope's army and its gradual extension into Virginia. He saw that it had passed McDowell's battlefield, crossed the Rappahannock, and was getting too near to the imporpractically concentrated the corps of Sigel (formerly Fremont's), Banks's, and McDowell's, and had nearly six times his numbers, he wisely decided to apply to General
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 9: Second battle of Manassas. (search)
l eating, sleeping, and resting at Manassas. McDowell, with his own, Sigel's corps, and Reynolds's on the morning of the 28th to crush Jackson. McDowell was told by Pope if he would move early with ll hazards, Thoroughfare Gap, five miles from McDowell's position at Gainesville, and thus shut the tion of Thoroughfare Gap no enemy was found. McDowell, after sending Rickett's division to the gap reet. It so happened that King's division of McDowell's corps, which on the night of the 27th was ne's relief, Ricketts had marched away to join McDowell. At 9 A. M. the head of Longstreet's column lines and encouraged his men by stating that McDowell and Fitz John Porter were marching so as to gPortersome ten thousand men — was stationary, McDowell having gone to the support of the rest of th of the Washington defenses. He met Pope and McDowell riding toward Washington, escorted by cavalryn the former asked if he had any objection to McDowell and himself going to Washington; to which McC
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Index. (search)
, Hannah, mentioned, 6. Mackenzie, General, Ronalds, 373. Macomb, Captain, 28. Madison, James, 2, 10, 11. Magruder, John Bankhead, notice of, 47; mentioned, 110, 136, 137, 138, Isi. Mahone's brigade in the Wilderness, 331; at Petersburg, 360. McClellan, General George B., notice of, 46; skillful retreat, 164, 166, 168; removed, 218; shortcomings, 221, 222; mentioned, 71, 104, 114, 132, 134, 138, 14, 144, 148, 156, 171, 173, 177, 181, 195, 198, 200, 204, 206, 209, 214. McDowell, General, Irvin, notice of, 106, 108; mentioned, 137, 140, 144, 156, 177, 189, 192, 197. McLaws, General, at Gettysburg, 279, 280; mentioned, 198, 202, 204, 206, 209, 254. McLean, Wilmer, of Appomattox, 393. McPherson Heights, 271. Marlborough, Duke of, 171, 288. Malvern Hill, battle of, 163, 165, 173. Manassas, second battle of, 186. Mangold, Captain of German army, 301. Mansfield, General, killed at Antietam, 213. Marye's Hill, 230, 231. Maryland Heights, 104, 203, 206,