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General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 1: the Ante-bellum life of the author. (search)
isobedience of orders and three demerits. The cadet had his revenge, however, for the superintendent was afterwards known as The Punster. There were sixty-two graduating members of the class of 1842, my number being sixty. I was assigned to the Fourth United States Infantry as brevet lieutenant, and found my company with seven others of the regiment at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, in the autumn of 1842. Of the class graduating the year that we entered were G. T. Beauregard and Irvin McDowell, who, twenty-three years later, commanded the hostile armies on the plains of Manassas, in Virginia. Braxton Bragg and W. J. Hardee were of the same class. The head man of the next class (1839) was I. I. Stevens, who resigned from the army, and, after being the first governor of Washington Territory, returned to military service, and fell on the sanguinary field of Chantilly on the 1st of September, 1862. Next on the class roll was Henry Wager Halleck, who was commander-in-chief o
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 2: from New Mexico to Manassas. (search)
ield of Manassas, or Bull Run Beauregard and McDowell of the same West point class battle of Black evolutions of the line, and from that day to McDowell's advance had other opportunities to learn moarose, that was not solved until the tramp of McDowell's army was heard on the Warrenton Turnpike. Manassas Junction about the 1st of June. McDowell marched on the afternoon of the 16th of July e eyes of guards and sentinels, which told of McDowell's work since May, and heard on the 10th of Ju 16th of July notice came that the advance of McDowell's army was under definite orders for the next Bonham withdrew from Fairfax Court-House as McDowell advanced. He retired behind the Run at MitchFord. At eight o'clock A. M. on the 18th, McDowell's army concentrated about Centreville, his im the Junction; third, by turning their left. McDowell's orders to his leading divisions indicated amed batteries of United States regulars. McDowell was disposed to ignore this fight as unwarran[2 more...]
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 3: battle of Manassas, or Bull Run. (search)
ordered to hold Johnston in the Valley, while McDowell should direct his strength against Beauregardttle before reaching the field, it seems that McDowell had concluded upon the move finally made befoitting Burnside's brigade to retire for rest, McDowell pushed his battle by his strong artillery armas considered, and thought possible, and that McDowell was, therefore, under some pressure to act inburn's Ford practicable, it was imperative on McDowell to adopt it. If it was proved impracticable, t practicable except for seasoned troops. McDowell's first mistake was his display, and march foonfident instead of doubting in his service. McDowell's army posted as it should have been, a marchoaching troops to be Union reinforcements for McDowell's right was caused by the resemblance, at a dll have reached the capital with the ranks of McDowell's men. The brigade at Blackburn's Ford (five The Federal Army, commanded by Brigadier-General Irvin McDowell, was organized as follows: First [19 more...]
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 4: the Confederates hovering around Washington. (search)
ter 4: the Confederates hovering around Washington. An Early War time amenity the Author invited to dine with the enemy stove-pipe batteries J. E. B. Stuart, the famous cavalryman his bold dash on the Federals at Lewinsville Major-General G. W. Smith associated with Johnston and Beauregard in a Council Longstreet promoted Major-General fierce struggle at Ball's Bluff Dranesville a success for the Union arms McClellan given the sobriquet of the young Napoleon. After General McDowell reached Washington my brigade was thrown forward, first to Centreville, then to Fairfax Court-House, and later still to Falls Church and Munson's and Mason's Hills; the cavalry, under Colonel J. E. B. Stuart, constituting part of the command. We were provokingly near Washington, with orders not to attempt to advance even to Alexandria. Well-chosen and fortified positions, with soldiers to man them, soon guarded all approaches to the capital. We had frequent little brushes with par
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 7: Seven Pines, or Fair Oaks. (search)
of a division at that outpost and stationed at Ashland. On the 27th, General Johnston received information that General McDowell's corps was at Fredericksburg, and on the march to reinforce McClellan's right at Mechanicsville. He prepared to attack McClellan before McDowell could reach him. To this end he withdrew Smith's division from the Williamsburg road, relieving it by the division of D. H. Hill; withdrew Longstreet's division from its position, and A. P. Hill's from Ashland. The figz., Smith, Magruder, Stuart, and Longstreet. When we were assembled, General Johnston announced later information: that McDowell's line of march had been changed,--that he was going north. Following the report of this information, General Smith prWar Papers. I urged that the plan laid against the concentrating columns was made stronger by the change of direction of McDowell's column, and should suggest more prompt and vigorous prosecution. In this Magruder and Stuart joined me. The pros and
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 9: Robert E. Lee in command. (search)
the Chickahominy Rivers, on the flank of McClellan's march for Richmond, and force him into battle. He selected ground with that view and posted his army, where it remained some eight days, giving general and engineer officers opportunity to ride over and learn the topographical features of the surroundings. A prominent point was Beaver Dam Creek, which was so noted by the officers. When Johnston proposed to recross the Chickahominy and make battle on the 28th of May, in anticipation of McDowell's approach, the strong ground at Beaver Dam Creek again came under discussion and was common talk between the generals, so that the position and its approaches became a familiar subject. Then Stuart's famous ride had correlative relation to the same, and drew us to careful study of the grounds. For the execution of his orders General Stuart took twelve hundred cavalry and a section of Stuart's horse artillery. The command was composed of parts of the First, Fourth, and Ninth Virginia
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 12: Halleck and Pope in Federal command. (search)
organized the Army of Virginia from the independent forces in the State,the First Corps under General Sigel, the Second under General Banks, the Third under General McDowell, commanded by Major-General John Pope, brought from the West for that object and appointed June 26. This army reported July 31, 46,858 strong, for field sereral Jackson at Gordonsville, General Pope's army was posted,--the First Corps (Sigel's) at Sperryville, the Second (Banks's) at Culpeper Court-House, the Third (McDowell's), one division near Culpeper Court-House, and one at Fredericksburg-these two under Ricketts and King respectively; his cavalry under Buford, Bayard, and Hatchtle away from the immediate front of the enemy, where he awaited next day, During the evening of the 9th, Pope received his First Corps under Sigel and called up McDowell's division, under King, from Fredericksburg. On the 10th both armies remained quiet. On the 11th a flag of truce was sent in asking for time to bury the dead,
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 13: making ready for Manassas again. (search)
n. Pope stood on the evening of the 27th: McDowell's corps, including Reynolds's division, 15,50division of the Third to Greenwich to support McDowell. He rode with Hooker's division of the ThirdT. Johnson's infantry, and Meade's brigade of McDowell's command. As the latter swung around for hime cavalry rear-guard or reconnoitring party, McDowell resumed his march as soon as the killed and wth to join him. He then changed the orders of McDowell's column, directing it towards Centreville, ttwo P. M.) so far modified these as to direct McDowell to use his own judgment, and give him the ben encountered Jackson before four o'clock, but McDowell did not find Jackson. As his division, underl commander reported to his subordinates that McDowell had intercepted the retreat of Jackson, and ok at daylight, to be supported by Hooker. McDowell's operations of the afternoon left Sigel's coed, though special instructions had been sent McDowell and King to hold the position at all hazards,[14 more...]
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 14: Second battle of Manassas (Bull Run). (search)
ts strength, and the ground of its approach. It was the column of McDowell's and Porter's corps, marching under the joint order. Porter's co division to support Morell. As this was in process of execution, McDowell, whose corps was in rear, rode to the front and objected to the plts were exchanged, when all became quiet again. We saw nothing of McDowell's corps, and our cavalry had not been able to get far enough towarn the fights by detail on their right. If it had been sent to General McDowell before he left, the two corps, if he could have been induced tnight, Porter's column marched by its right to follow the route of McDowell. The morning of the 30th broke fair, and for the Federal comma added the officer. Subsequently we learned that he was General Irvin McDowell. As we neared the bridge we came upon confusion. Men slost the first battle of Manassas. His orders of the 28th for General McDowell to change direction and march for Centreville were received at