them to retreat, at which time a flotilla of gunboats, then building near St. Louis, might descend the Mississippi, and assist in military operations against the batteries at Memphis.
In the event of this movement being successful, he proposed to push on towards the Gulf of Mexico with his army, and take possession of New Orleans.
More than 20,000 soldiers were set in motion (Sept. 27, 1861) southward (5,000 of them cavalry), under the respective commands of Generals Hunter, Pope, Sigel, McKinstry, and Asboth, accompanied by eighty-six heavy guns.
These were moving southward early in October; and on the 11th, when his army was 30,000 strong, he wrote to the government: My plan is, New Orleans straight; I would precipitate the war forward, and end it soon victoriously.
He was marching with confidence of success, and his troops were winning little victories here and there, when, through the influence of men jealous of him and his political enemies, Fremont's career was suddenly chec
ably to their homes......Aug. 3, 1861
Governor Jackson, returning from Richmond, Va., to New Madrid, issues a Declaration of Independence of the State of Missouri ......Aug. 5, 1861
Nationals under General Lyon defeat Confederates under Gen. James Rains at Dug Springs, Aug. 2, and are defeated by Gen. Benjamin McCulloch at Wilson Creek; General Lyon was killed......Aug. 10, 1861
Missouri is placed under martial law by General Fremont, at the head of the Western Department, and Major McKinstry, U. S. A., is created provost-marshalgeneral......Aug. 30, 1861
By proclamation, Aug. 30, General Fremont manumits two slaves of Thomas L. Snead, a secessionist of St. Louis......Sept. 12, 1861
Nationals are defeated in battles at Blue Mills Landing, Sept. 17, Lexington, Sept. 20, and Papinsville......Sept. 21, 1861
State convention at Jefferson City requires each civil officer within sixty days to subscribe an oath to support the constitution......Oct. 16, 1861