A division of Longstreet's corps, under McLaws, had been sent to attack and shut it up on the orders with two of his brigades to unite with McLaws, and to reconnoitre and watch the enemy's move-General Pryor, who commanded the left wing of McLaws's division nearest to Harper's Ferry. General ing Stuart rode off to the headquarters of General McLaws, leaving me to await his return as General, which had been sounding all the evening from McLaws's right, grew fiercer and fiercer; and an ordest interest and anxiety.
In the mean time General McLaws had arrived with reinforcements, our line along the river bank, very little known, which McLaws, against Stuart's urgent advice, had neglectedd the night preceding the general engagement.
McLaws's division, which had also remained behind, di thousand men with him in the conflict; and as McLaws's division, numbering 7000 men, and some othercertainly have been more complete, had not General McLaws failed to obey orders in bringing his divi
piece of wood; in our immediate rear stretched the tents and huts of a part of McLaws's division.
Between these two bodies of troops animated little skirmishes had f the 4th, an extensive expedition having been undertaken by several hundred of McLaws's men against Hood's encampments, and the occupants of these finding themselvesd one, took effect upon our exposed persons.
But all the gallant resistance of McLaws's men was unavailing.
Hood's lines pressed resistlessly forward, carrying everything before them, taking the formidable fortifications, and driving McLaws's division out of their encampments.
Suddenly, at this juncture, we heard loud shouting ht, where two of Anderson's brigades had come up as reinforcements.
The men of McLaws's division, acquiring new confidence from this support, rallied, and in turn drlts to some of the combatants, for one of Hood's men had his leg broken, one of McLaws's men lost an eye, and there were other chancewounds on both sides.
our army, numbering in all about 80,000 men, was posted in order of battle behind a continuous line of intrenchments, concealed from the enemy's view by the thick underwood, which, except in a few small spaces, covers the ridge abundantly.
Longstreet's corps formed the left, Jackson's the right, of our lines.
Our extreme left, constituting Anderson's division, rested on a broad swampy ditch, which about two miles above Fredericksburg makes up from the Rappahannock; then came Ransom's and McLaws's divisions, the right wing of the latter extending across the Telegraph Road, there joining Pickett's troops; and farther on Hood's division, which occupied as nearly as possible the centre of our whole line of battle, at a point where the hills open into a small valley for the passage of the creek, Deep Run; yet further on came Early's division of Jackson's corps.
The extreme right was composed of A. P. Hill's division, holding in reserve the troops of Taliaferro.
The splendid division o
e advancedguard of a much larger force sent by the Federals to destroy our railway communications — an enterprise which, after this partial defeat, they abandoned altogether.
The main body of the Federal army, numbering about 100,000 men, had in the meanwhile centred in the neighbourhood of Chancellorsville, the three corps coming from the Rapidan having united with those which had crossed the Rappahannock at United States and Banks Ford.
A strong force still remained opposite Fredericksburg, watched on our side by Early's division.
The bulk of our army confronted the enemy in line of battle, almost perpendicularly to the Rappahannock-Anderson's and McLaws's divisions of Longstreet's corps forming the right, Jackson's corps the left wing, our whole numbers amounting to about 50,000 men.
General Longstreet himself, with Picket's and Hood's divisions, had some time since been detailed to North Carolina, where he was operating against a Federal army in the neighbourhood of Suffolk
ly at Richmond, who had become dear friends of mine, I wandered about all through that mild night of May, until the sounding bugle and the rolling drums roused me from my reveries, to summon me to new scenes of death and destruction.
All was bustle and activity as I galloped along the lines, on the morning of the 2d, to obtain, according to Stuart's orders, the latest instructions for our cavalry from General Lee, who was located at a distance of some miles to our right.
Anderson's and McLaws's sharpshooters were advancing, and already exchanging shots with the enemy's skirmishers-the line of battle of these two divisions having been partially extended over the space previously occupied by Jackson's corps, that they might cover its movements.
This splendid corps, meanwhile, was marching in close columns in a direction which set us all wondering what could be the intentions of old Stonewall; but as we beheld him riding along, heading the troops himself, we should as soon have tho
number of light batteries acting in concert with the infantry.
General Lee, with Anderson's and McLaws's divisions, pressed on the enemy from the Fredericksburg side, and was engaged in quite a disti that, having been pressing steadily forward the entire morning, he had now, with Anderson's and McLaws's divisions, reached our right wing.
I was at once despatched by Stuart to the Commander-in-Chiing, with the utmost calmness, to Sedgwick's advance, he quietly made his dispositions, ordering McLaws's division to march to the support of Early, who had been retreating to Salem Church--a place abevious occasion.
In the course of the afternoon we received cheerful news of the proceedings of McLaws and Early, who, attacking the enemy simultaneously, had succeeded in forcing them back upon Frethe night.
Meanwhile General Lee had determined to assault the enemy in their strong position.
McLaws's and Anderson's divisions had already approached United States Ford on the 5th, by a circuitous
e summer campaign, and in reorganising our whole army, the ranks of which were rapidly filled by the return of the absentees, and strengthened by the arrival of numerous reinforcements-Longstreet having been recalled with his two divisions from North Carolina, and several brigades joined to these from Beauregard's army.
The army of Northern Virginia was now divided into three equal and distinct corps, each numbering about 20,000 men. Longstreet commanded the 1st corps, consisting of Hood's, McLaws's, and Picket's divisions; Ewell the 2d, consisting of Early's, Rodes's, and Johnson's divisions, formerly under Jackson's command, and now committed to this general in accordance with a request made by Stonewall on his deathbed, in his solicitude for the welfare of his veterans.
The 3d corps was placed under the command of A. P. Hill, and was formed of Anderson's, Pender's, and Heth's divisions.
The cavalry, which had also been strengthened by several new brigades from the South, was for