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The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), Union view of the Exchange of prisoners. (search)
ndred as soon as they should be captured. Of course, Colonel Ludlow refused to accede to this proposition, but answered Judge Ould that unless Streight and all his officers were delivered he would return with the Confederate prisoners. Judge Ould persistently refusing to send Streight and his officers, Colonel Ludlow, accordingly, returned with them. Another violation of the cartel by the Confederate authorities came about in the following manner: Generals Morgan, Imboden, Ferguson, McNeil, and other guerrilla chiefs had captured a considerable number of Federal soldiers, made up of small foraging parties, stragglers, etc., and paroled them when and where captured, in order to avoid the trouble and expense of conveying them to any of the points designated in the cartel. These paroles not being valid, the men accepting them were ordered to duty immediately; but these paroles were all charged to the Government of the United States. After General Grant had captured Vicksburg, a
Chapter 25: the war in the West. A gloomy outlook Lone Jack the butcher, McNeil Corinth and Murfreesboro their bloody cost the cry wrung from the people Mr. Davis stands firm Johnston relieves Bragg the Emancipation proclamation Magruder's Galveston amphiboid the Atlantic seaboard popular estimate of the statues, too, had been shot on both sides; but the act that came home to every southern heart was the wanton murder of ten Confederates at Palmyra, by the order of General McNeil, on the flimsy pretext of retaliation. The act, and its attendant cruelties, gained for him in the South the name of The butcher; and its recital found grim ard musket stock-and there was an answering throb to the cry of Thompson's prompt war song: Let this be the watchword of one and of all- Remember the Butcher, McNeil! Meantime, Mississippi had been the scene of new disasters. Vicksburg, the Queen of the West, still sat unhurt upon her bluffs, smiling defiance to the storm
Lt.-Colonel Arthur J. Fremantle, Three Months in the Southern States, April, 1863. (search)
cavalrymen. His principal reason for visiting Brownsville was to settle about the cotton trade. He had issued an edict that half the value of cotton exported must be imported in goods for the benefit of the country (government stores). The President had condemned this order as illegal and despotic. The officers on Magruder's Staff are a very goodlooking, gentlemanlike set of men. Their names are-Major Pendleton, Major Wray, Captain De Ponte, Captain Alston, Captain Turner, Lieutenant-Colonel McNeil, Captain Dwyer, Dr. Benien, Lieutenant Stanard, Lieutenant Yancy, and Major Magruder. The latter is nephew to the General, and is a particularly good-looking young fellow. They all live with their chief on an extremely agreeable footing, and form a very pleasant society. At dinner I was put in the post of honor, which is always fought for with much acrimony-viz., the right of Mrs. After dinner we had numerous songs. Both the General and his nephew sang; so also did Captain
e, within the Confederacy, been guilty of felonies and capital offences which are punishable by all law human and divine. Notably NcNeil, a cruel and unscrupulous officer, shocked the moral sense of all soldierly men. By his order ten secessionists were shot at Palmyra, Mo., because an old gentleman (a Unionist) was missing, but who afterward turned up in Illinois. He approached General McKinstry in St. Louis, and offered his hand. The General said: I don't shake hands with a murderer. McNeil afterward asked three gentlemen to drink with him in the Planters' House saloon. They turned on their heels and said : We don't drink with a murderer. This was the reception he met with almost everywhere in St. Louis. A few of those best authenticated are brought to your notice. The newspapers received from the enemy's country announce as a fact that Major. General Hunter has armed slaves for the murder of their masters, and has thus done all in his power to inaugurate a servile war w
A Correspondent of a Wisconsin paper had his attention arrested by the appearance of a rather oldish man among a company of recruits for the Seventeenth (Irish) Wisconsin regiment, who were on board the cars, on the way to camp, who gave his name, as follows: My name is Rufus Brockway, and I am in the seventieth year of my age. I am a Yankee, from the State of New-Hampshire; was a volunteer in the last war with England for nearly three years. I have served under Generals Izard, McNeil, and Macomb, being transferred from one command to another, as the circumstances then required. I was at the battle of Plattsburgh, at the battle of French Creek in Canada, and at the battle of Chateaugay, on the fourteenth day of October, 1813, and was present at the surrender of McDonough. I am now a farmer, in the town of Beaver Dam, Dodge County, and, with my son, the owner of three hundred acres of land; my son was a volunteer in the Federal army at the battle of Bull Run, had his nos
the forces of General Duffle, from the Kanawha valley, at Lewisburgh, on the seventh, two days hence. We, therefore, went into camp in the morning on the farm of McNeil, who had a son a captain in the rebel army, and uncle to the McNeil who infests the country about Moorfield, in Hardy County. Here we found plenty of corn, oatere among friends; and from here to New-Creek there is a large proportion of Union men. We arrived at Petersburgh, and enjoyed a two days rest. This morning McNeil and White, with three hundred guerrillas, attacked a train of ninety wagons, which were on the way from New-Creek to Petersburgh. They killed two of the guards, start, and with their knowledge of the country, but a slight prospect of overtaking them. This evening we camped on the farm of Mrs. Williams, who has a son with McNeil, and she, with her daughters, are bitter secesh. But we found corn and hay in abundance, and that was what our horses needed, so we used it. The morning of th
ssage without again adverting to the savage ferocity which still marks the conduct of the enemy in the prosecution of the war. After their repulse from the defences before Charleston, they first sought revenge by an abortive attempt to destroy the city with an incendiary composition, thrown by improved artillery from a distance of four miles. Failing in this, they changed their missiles, but fortunately have thus far succeeded only in killing two women in the city. Their commanders, Butler, McNeil, and Turchin, whose horrible barbarities have made their names widely notorious and everywhere execrable, are still honored and cherished by the authorities at Washington. The first-named, after having been withdrawn from the scenes of his cruelties against women and prisoners of war, (in reluctant concession to the demands of outraged humanity in Europe,) has just been put in a new command at Norfolk, where helpless women and children are again placed at his mercy. Nor has less unrelent
General, could not have pressed lightly, in the recollection of the dastardly outrages upon private property, in the destruction of mills, of the houses of poor, inoffensive people living near his line of march, and in the shameful excess of his wretched mercenaries. We could hardly wish our bitterest enemy a larger portion of misery than must have fallen upon this ambitious aspirant on his return to the fortifications to Vicksburgh. An educated soldier, who had long associated with gentlemen, who had received the highest favors and unbounded kindness and hospitality from the Southern people, during his residence in Louisiana, Sherman has, by the license extended to his brutal hirelings, in their march through Mississippi, and by his own acts of outrage and cruelty, shown a degree of infamy that entitles him to take rank with Butler, McNeil, Hunter, and other Federal chiefs whose only achievements in this war have been those of the ruffian, the pirate, the plunderer and highwayman.
Wounded: Corporal P. W. Pettiss; privates James Tully, Levy, Bourshee, Maxwell, Crilly, Kerwin, Lynch, and Joubert--9. Twenty-one horses killed. Three hundred and fifty-six rounds ammunition expended. I would be pleased to pay a tribute to the coolness and intrepidity of my command; but, where all acted so well, it would be invidious to particularize. I should be wanting in my duty, however, were I not to mention Lieutenants Hero and McElroy, and my non-commisioned officers, Sergeants McNeil, Handy, Collins, Ellis, and Stocker, and Corporals Coyl, Kremnelberg, Pettis, and De Blanc, who, by their coolness and close attention to duty, contributed not a little to the efficiency of my battery. Respectfully, M. B. Miller, Captain, commanding Third Company B. W. A. Report of Lieutenant-Colonel R. L. Walker. headquarters artillery battalion, March 1, 1863. Major R. C. Morgan, Assistant Adjutant-General, Light Division: Major: I have the honor to submit the followin
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 6. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Two witnesses on the treatment of prisoners --Hon. J. P. Benjamin and General B. F. Butler. (search)
avis. For the four years during which I have been one of his most trusted advisers, the recipient of his confidence and the sharer to the best of my abilities in his labors and responsibilities, I have learned to know him, better, perhaps, than he is known by any other living man. Neither in private conversation nor in Cabinet council have I ever heard him utter one unworthy thought, one ungenerous sentiment. On repeated occasions, when the savage atrocities of such men as Butler, Turchin, McNeil and others were the subject of anxious consideration, and when it was urged upon Jefferson Davis, not only by friends in private letters, but by members of his Cabinet in council, that it was his duty to the people and to the army to endeavor to repress such outrages by retaliation, he was immovable in his resistance to such counsels, insisting that it was repugnant to every sentiment of justice and humanity that the innocent should be made victims for the crimes of such monsters. Without b
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