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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 31 3 Browse Search
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 10: The Armies and the Leaders. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller) 13 3 Browse Search
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he last one he crushed half the Confederacy mainly by his destructive marches. At Bull Run, or Manassas, he commanded a brigade with Leaders in the Atlanta campaign— group no. 2: commanders of brigades and divisions which fought under McPherson, Thomas and hooker in the campaign for Atlanta, summer of 1864 Thos. H. Ruger commanded a brigade under General Hooker. J. C. Veatch, division leader in the Sixteenth Army Corps. Morgan L. Smith, leader of the Second division, Foures or divisions in the hundred days marching and fighting from Resaca to Atlanta Nathan Kimball led a division in the Fourth Corps. Samuel Beatty, leader of a brigade in the Fourth Corps. William B. Hazen commanded a division under McPherson. J. M. Corse held the Fort at Alatoona pass. Joseph F. Knipe, leader of a brigade in the Twentieth Corps. Charles Candy led a brigade in Gary's division of the Twentieth Corps. later under Grant. It was the successful termination of t
rienced volunteers, it must be said, as every veteran of the Civil War knows, that it was not always the oldest regiments that were the bravest. In the gallant, though finally unsuccessful, assault that was made by the Federals at Salem Church, May 3, 1863, just where the Confederate line was broken for a time, the official reports show that the one hundred and twenty-first New York was in the Federal generals killed in battle—group no. 1—army and corps commanders Maj.-Gen. James B. McPherson, Atlanta. July 22. 1861. Maj.-Gen. Jos. K. Mansfield, Antietam, September 18, 1864. Maj.-Gen. John Sedgwick, Spotsylvania, May 9, 1864. Maj.-Gen. John F. Reynolds, Gettysburg, July 1, 1863. on this and the following six pages are portraits of the fifty-one Union generals killed in battle. Beneath each portrait is the date and place of death, or mortal wounding. Since no such pictorial necrology existed to aid the editors of this History, many questions arose—such as t<
, this force, usually called the Army of the Tennessee, was successively commanded by Major-Generals W. T. Sherman, James B. McPherson, John A. Logan, and O. O. Howard. This army took part in the capture of Vicksburg, battle of Chattanooga, Atlanta ampaigns in Georgia and the Carolinas. A detachment of it was with the Red River expedition, in 1864. Major-General James Birdseye McPherson (U. S.M. A. 1853) was born in Sandusky, Ohio, November 14, 1828. He practised engineering in the Goveccompanied Sherman to the relief of Knoxville, and fought in all the battles of the Atlanta campaign, succeeding Major-General McPherson to the command of the Army of the Tennessee, and marching with Sherman through Georgia and the Carolinas. Aftereated December 18, 1862, from troops in the Thirteenth Corps, Army of the Tennessee, and the command given to Major-General J. B. McPherson, with whose name it is closely linked. Divisions were exchanged with the Sixteenth Corps. It was prominent
iginally Colonel of the 141st Reg't, noted at Gettysburg. Andrew Porter, commanded a brigade at First Bull Run. Thomas Welsh, originally Colonel of the 45th regiment. Charles F. Smith, originally Colonel of the 3d Infantry. Thomas L. Kane, organizer and leader of Kane's Bucktails. Hurlbut, Stephen, Sept. 17, 1862. Kearny, Philip, July 4, 1862. Keyes, Erasmus D., May 5, 1862. Leggett, M. D., Aug. 21, 1865. Logan, John A., Nov. 29, 1862. McClernand, J. A., Mar. 21, 1862. McPherson, J. B., Oct. 8, 1862. Mansfield, J. K. F., July 18, 1862. Milroy, Robt. H., Nov. 29, 1862. Mitchell, Ormsby, April 11, 1862. Morell, Geo. W., July 4, 1862. Morgan, E. D., Sept. 28, 1861. Morris, Thos. A., Oct. 25, 1862. Mott, Gersham, May 26, 1865. Mower, Joseph A., Aug. 12, 1861. Negley, James S., Nov. 29, 1862. Nelson, William, July 17, 1862. Oglesby, R. J., Nov. 29, 1862. Osterhaus, P. J., July 23, 1864. Palmer, John M., Nov. 29, 1862. Peck, John J., July 4, 1862. Porter, Fit
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Allatoona pass, (search)
rom Dallas to Marietta. The approach to their intrenchments must be made over rough, wooded, and broken ground. For several days, constantly skirmishing, Sherman tried to break through their lines to the railway east of the Allatoona Pass. McPherson's troops moved to Dallas, and Thomas's deployed against New Hope Church, in the vicinity of which there were many severe encounters, while Schofield was directed to turn and strike Johnston's right. On May 28 the Confederates struck McPherson McPherson a severe blow at Dallas: but the assailants were repulsed with heavy loss. At the same time. Howard, nearer the centre, was repulsed. Sherman, by skilful movements, compelled Johnston to evacuate his strong position at Allatoona Pass (June 1, 1864). The National cavalry, under Garrard and Stoneman, were pushed on to occupy it, and there Sherman, planting a garrison, made a secondary base of supplies for his army. Johnston made a stand at the Kenesaw Mountains, near Marietta; but Sherman, wh
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Atlanta, (search)
ions, by throwing Thomas's army across the Chattahoochee, close to Schofield's right, with directions to move forward. McPherson moved against the railway east of Decatur, and destroyed (July 18) 4 miles of the track. Schofield seized Decatur. Atline of intrenchments much stronger than the one just abandoned. Behind these swarmed a Confederate host. On the 22d, McPherson moved from Decatur to assail this strong line; Logan's corps formed his centre, Dodge's his right, and Blair's his leftthem a severe and unexpected blow. It fell with heaviest force on the division of Gen. G. A. Smith, of Blair's corps. McPherson had ridden from Sherman to Dodge's moving column, and had entered a wood almost alone, for observation, in the rear of upon the Nationals, and his men The fortifications around Atlanta. were pouring into a gap between Blair and Dodge. McPherson had just given an order from his place in the wood for a brigade to fill that gap, when the bullet of a sharp-shooter k
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Champion Hills, battle of (search)
the remainder of the army turned their faces towards Vicksburg. Pemberton was at or near Edwards's Station, with about 25,000 troops and ten batteries of artillery. Blair moved towards the station, followed by McClernand and Osterhaus; while McPherson, on another road, kept up communication with McClernand. Pemberton had advanced to Champion Hills, when a note from Johnston caused him to send his trains back to the Big Black River; and he was about to follow with his troops. when Grant, clnd cross the river, if possible. In the retreat Pemberton lost many of his troops, made prisoners. This battle was fought mainly by Hovey's division of McClernand's corps and Logan's and Quinby's divisions (the latter commanded by Crocker) of McPherson's corps. The National loss was 2,457, of whom 426 were killed. The loss of the Confederates was estimated to have been quite equal to that of the Nationals in killed and wounded, besides almost 2,000 prisoners, eighteen guns, and a large quan
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Civil War in the United States. (search)
eat Confederates at Yellow Bayou, La., the latter led by Prince Polignac. A forged Presidential proclamation, calling for 400,000 more troops, was published for the purpose of gold speculation. The perpetrators (Howard and Mallison) were sent to Fort Lafayette.—26. Major-General Foster takes command of the Department of the South. Louisiana State Constitutional Convention adopts a clause abolishing slavery.—27. Eight steamers and other shipping burned at New Orleans by incendiaries.—30. McPherson had a sharp encounter at the railroad near Marietta, Ga., taking 400 prisoners, with a railroad train of sick and wounded Confederates.— June 1. To this date the Nationals had taken from the Confederates as naval prizes, 232 steamers, 627 schooners, 159 sloops, twenty-nine barks, thirty-two brigs, fifteen ships, and 133 yachts and small craft; in all, 1,227 vessels, worth $17,000,000.—2. Heavy artillery firing and skirmishing at Bermuda Hundred. United States gunboat Water Witch surpri
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Dallas, (search)
Dallas, A city in Georgia, where, during the Atlanta campaign, Sherman's advance under General Hooker was temporarily checked, May 25, 1864. Three days later Hardee attacked McPherson on the right, with great loss. The Confederates retired June 6.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Dalton, (search)
Dalton, A city in Georgia, strongly fortified by the Confederates under Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, who checked the advance of General Sherman until forced to evacuate by a flank movement by General McPherson, May 12, 1864.
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